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MAN(1)                    BSD General Commands Manual                   MAN(1)

NAME
     man -- display the on-line manual pages (aka ``man pages'')

SYNOPSIS
     man [-acw|-h] [-C file] [-M path] [-m path] [-S srch] [[-s] section] name
         ...
     man [-k] [-C file] [-M path] [-m path] keyword ...

DESCRIPTION
     The man utility displays the BSD man pages entitled name.

     The options are as follows:

     -a      Display all of the man pages for a specified section and name
             combination.  (Normally, only the first man page found is dis-
             played.)

     -C      Use the specified file instead of the default configuration file.
             This permits users to configure their own man environment.  See
             man.conf(5) for a description of the contents of this file.

     -c      Copy the man page to the standard output instead of using more(1)
             to paginate it.  This is done by default if the standard output
             is not a terminal device.

     -h      Display only the ``SYNOPSIS'' lines of the requested man pages,
             in the same manner as whatis(1).

     -k      Display the header lines for any man pages matching keyword(s),
             in the same manner as apropos(1).

     -M      Override the list of standard directories which man searches for
             man pages.  The supplied path must be a colon (``:'') separated
             list of directories.  This search path may also be set using the
             environment variable MANPATH.  The subdirectories to be searched,
             and their search order, is specified by the ``_subdir'' line in
             the man configuration file.

     -m      Augment the list of standard directories which man searches for
             man pages.  The supplied path must be a colon (``:'') separated
             list of directories.  These directories will be searched before
             the standard directories or the directories specified using the
             -M option or the MANPATH environment variable.  The subdirecto-
             ries to be searched, and their search order, is specified by the
             ``_subdir'' line in the man configuration file.

     -s      Restrict the directories that man will search.  The man configu-
             ration file (see man.conf(5)) specifies the possible section val-
             ues that are currently available.

     -S      Display only man pages that have the specified string in their
             filenames.  This allows the man page search process criteria to
             be narrowed without having to change the MANPATH or ``_default''
             variables.

     -w      List the pathnames of the man pages which man would display for
             the specified section and name combination.

     If the '-s' option is not specified, there is more than one argument, the
     '-k' option is not used and the first argument is a valid section, that
     argument will be used as if specified by the '-s' option.

ENVIRONMENT
     MACHINE   As some man pages are intended only for specific architectures,
               man searches any subdirectories, with the same name as the cur-
               rent architecture, in every directory which it searches.
               Machine specific areas are checked before general areas.  The
               current machine type may be overridden by setting the environ-
               ment variable MACHINE to the name of a specific architecture.

     MANPATH   The standard search path used by man may be overridden by spec-
               ifying a path in the MANPATH environment variable.  The format
               of the path is a colon (``:'') separated list of directories.
               The subdirectories to be searched as well as their search order
               is specified by the ``_subdir'' line in the man configuration
               file.

     PAGER     The pagination command used for writing the output.  If the
               PAGER environment variable is null or not set, the standard
               pagination program more(1) will be used.

FILES
     /etc/man.conf  default man configuration file.
     /usr/{share,X11R6,pkg,local}/man/whatis.db standard whatis/apropos data-
                    base search path, set in /etc/man.conf.

SEE ALSO
     apropos(1), whatis(1), whereis(1), man.conf(5), mdoc(7), mdoc.samples(7)

STANDARDS
     man conforms to X/Open Commands and Utilities Issue 5 (``XCU5'').

BUGS
     The on-line man pages are, by necessity, forgiving toward stupid display
     devices, causing a few man pages to be not as nicely formatted as their
     typeset counterparts.

BSD                             January 2, 1994                            BSD