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CNMAGIC(9)               BSD Kernel Developer's Manual              CNMAGIC(9)

     cn_trap, cn_isconsole, cn_check_magic, cn_init_magic, cn_set_magic,
     cn_get_magic, cn_destroy_magic -- console magic key sequence management

     #include <&lt;sys/systm.h>&gt;
     typedef struct cnm_state cnm_state_t;


     cn_isconsole(dev_t dev);

     cn_check_magic(dev_t dev, int k, cnm_state_t *cnms);

     cn_init_magic(cnm_state_t *cnms);

     cn_set_magic(char *magic);

     cn_get_magic(char *magic, int len);

     cn_destroy_magic(cnm_state_t *cnms);

     The NetBSD console magic key sequence management framework is designed to
     provide flexible methods to set, change, and detect magic key sequences
     on console devices and break into the debugger or ROM monitor with a min-
     imum of interrupt latency.

     Drivers that generate console input should make use of these routines.  A
     different cnm_state_t should be used for each separate input stream.
     Multiple devices that share the same input stream, such as USB keyboards
     can share the same cnm_state_t.  Once a cnm_state_t is allocated, it
     should be initialized with cn_init_magic() so it can be used by
     cn_check_magic().  If a driver thinks it might be the console input
     device it can set the magic sequence with cn_set_magic() to any arbitrary
     string.  Whenever the driver receives input, it should call
     cn_check_magic() to process the data and determine whether the magic
     sequence has been hit.

     The magic key sequence can be accessed through the hw.cnmagic sysctl
     variable.  This is the raw data and may be keycodes rather than processed
     characters, depending on the console device.

     Here is a description of the console magic interface:

     void cn_init_magic(cnm_state_t *cnm)

             Initialize the console magic state pointed to by cnm to a usable

     void cnm_trap()

             Trap into the kernel debugger or ROM monitor.  By default this
             routine is defined to be console_debugger() but can be overridden
             in MI header files.

     int cn_isconsole(dev_t dev)

             Determine whether a given dev is the system console.  This macro
             tests to see if dev is the same as cn_tab-&gt;cn_dev but can be
             overridden in MI header files.

     void cn_check_magic(dev_t dev, int k, cnm_state_t *cnms)

             All input should be passed through cn_check_magic() so the state
             machine remains in a consistent state.  cn_check_magic() calls
             cn_isconsole() with dev to determine if this is the console.  If
             that returns true then it runs the input value k through the
             state machine.  If the state machine completes a match of the
             current console magic sequence cn_trap() is called.  Some input
             may need to be translated to state machine values such as the
             serial line BREAK sequence.

     void cn_destroy_magic(cnm_state_t *cnms)

             This should be called once what cnms points to is no longer

     int cn_set_magic(char *magic)
             cn_set_magic() encodes a nul terminated string arbitrary string
             into values that can be used by the state machine and installs it
             as the global magic sequence.  The escape sequence is character
             value 0x27 and can be used to encode special values:

                   0x27   The literal value 0x27.
                   0x01   Serial BREAK sequence.
                   0x02   character.
             Returns 0 on success or a non-zero error value.

     int cn_get_magic(char *magic, int len)
             Extract the current magic sequence from the sate machine and
             return up to len bytes of it in the buffer pointed to by magic.
             It uses the same encoding accepted by cn_set_magic().  Returns 0
             on success or a non-zero error value.


     The NetBSD console magic key sequence management framework first appeared
     in NetBSD 1.6.

     The NetBSD console magic key sequence management framework was designed
     and implemented by Eduardo Horvath <eehATNetBSD.org>.

BSD                            November 11, 2000                           BSD