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vold(8)								      vold(8)


  vold - Logical Storage Manager configuration daemon


  /sbin/vold [-kfd] [-r	reset] [-m mode] [-x debug] [-D	diag_portal] [-R


  The following	options	are recognized:

  -k  Kills any	vold process that is currently running before performing any
      other startup processing.	 This is useful	for recovering from a hung
      vold process.  Killing the old vold and starting a new one should	not
      cause any	problems for volume or plex devices that are being used	by
      applications or that contain mounted file	systems.

  -f  Runs vold	in the foreground. This	is often useful	when debugging vold,
      or when tracing configuration changes.

      Without this flag, vold forks a background daemon	process	and the	fore-
      ground process exits as soon as vold startup processing completes.

  -d  Starts vold in disabled mode. This flag is equivalent to -m disable.

  -r reset
      Resets all Logical Storage Manager configuration information stored in
      the kernel as part of startup processing.	This will fail if any volume
      or plex devices are currently in use. This option	is primarily useful
      for testing or debugging.

  -m mode
      Sets the initial operating mode for vold.	Possible values	for mode are:

	  Starts fully enabled (default). This will use	the /etc/vol/volboot
	  file to bootstrap and	load in	the rootdg disk	group. It will then
	  scan all known disks looking for disk	groups to import, and will
	  import those disk groups. This will also set up the /dev/vol and
	  /dev/rvol directories	to define all of the accessible	Logical
	  Storage Manager devices. If the volboot file cannot be read or if
	  the rootdg disk group	cannot be imported, vold will be started in
	  disabled mode.

	  Starts in disabled mode. This	creates	a rendezvous file for utili-
	  ties that perform various diagnostic or initialization operations.
	  This can be used with	the -r reset option as part of a command
	  sequence to completely reinitialize the Logical Storage Manager
	  configuration. Use the voldctl enable	command	to enable vold.

	  Handles boot-time startup of the Logical Storage Manager. This
	  starts the rootdg disk group and the root and	/usr file system
	  volumes.  This mode is capable of operating before the root file
	  system is remounted to read-write. The voldctl enable	option should
	  be called later in the boot sequence to trigger vold to rebuild the
	  /dev/vol and /dev/rvol directories.

  -x debug
      Turns on various parameters used for debugging or	other miscellaneous
      aspects of vold operation. The debug option argument is a	decimal
      number (0-9) which will set a tracing output level, or one of the	fol-
      lowing strings:

      timestamp	or mstimestamp
	  Attaches a date and time-of-day timestamp to all messages written
	  by vold onto the console. If mstimestamp is used, then a mil-
	  lisecond value is also displayed, allowing detailed timing of
	  vold's operation.

      syslog or	nosyslog
	  The vold daemon can support use of syslog() to log all of its	regu-
	  lar console messages.

	  For Tru64 UNIX, this support is enabled by default and can be	dis-
	  abled	by using -x nosyslog.


	     If	the syslog option is enabled, all console output will be
	     directed through the syslog() interface. However, syslog and log
	     (described	below) can be used together to get reliable logging
	     into a private log	file, along with distributed logging through

      log or nolog
	  As an	alternative to the use of syslog(), vold can directly log all
	  of its console output	to a file. This	logging	is reliable, in	that
	  any messages which are output	just before a system crash will	be
	  available in the log file, presuming that the	crash does not result
	  in file system corruption.

	  For Tru64 UNIX, this support is disabled by default and can be
	  turned on with -x log. If enabled, the default log file location is

	  Specifies an alternate location for the vold logfile.	This option
	  implies -x log.

	  This option causes the /etc/vol/tempdb directory to be removed and
	  recreated.  This directory stores configuration information that is
	  cleared on reboots (or cleared for specific disk groups on import
	  and deport operations). If the contents of this directory become
	  corrupt, such	as due to a disk I/O failure, then vold	will fail to
	  start	up if it is killed and restarted.  Such	a situation can	be
	  cleared by starting vold with	-x cleartempdir. This option has no
	  effect if vold is not	started	in enabled mode.


	     It	is advisable to	kill any running operational utilities
	     (volume, volsd, or	volmend) before	using the -x cleartempdir
	     option.  Failure to do so may cause those commands	to fail, or
	     may cause disastrous but unchecked	interactions between those
	     commands and the issuance of new commands.	This option can	be
	     used while	running	the Visual Administrator (dxlsm), or while
	     LSM background daemons are	running	(volnotify).


	     Stub mode is for internal use.

	  This vold invocation will not	communicate configuration changes to
	  the kernel. It is typically used as a	demonstration mode of opera-
	  tion for vold. In most aspects, a stubbed vold will act like a reg-
	  ular vold, except that disk devices can be regular files and volume
	  and plex device nodes	are not	created. A stubbed vold	can run	con-
	  currently with a regular vold, or concurrently with any other
	  stubbed vold processes, as long as different rendezvous, volboot,
	  and disk files are used for each concurrent process.

	  Other	Logical	Storage	Manager	utilities can detect when they are
	  connected to a vold that is running in stubbed mode. When a utility
	  detects a stubbed-mode vold, it will normally	stub out any direct
	  use of volume	or plex	devices	itself.	This allows regular utilities
	  to be	used for making	configuration changes in a testing environ-
	  ment that runs without any communication with	the kernel or crea-
	  tion of real volume or plex devices.

	  Specifies the	pathname to use	for the	volboot	file, which by
	  default is /etc/vol/volboot. This is primarily used with the stub
	  debug	option.	The volboot file might contain an initial list of
	  disks	that are used to locate	the root disk group. It	also contains
	  a host ID that is stored on disks in imported	disk groups to define
	  ownership of disks as	a sanity check for disks that might be acces-
	  sible	from more than one host.

	  Specifies a directory	pathname to prefix for any disk	device
	  accessed by vold. For	example, with devprefix=/tmp, any access to a
	  raw disk device named	dsk2 would actually be directed	to the file
	  /tmp/dev/rdisk/dsk2.	In stubbed-mode, vold can operate with such
	  files	being regular files.  vold requires entries in the prefixdir
	  /dev/rdisk directory only in stubbed mode.

	  Logs all possible tracing information	in the specified file.

	  Flushes tracefile data to disk, with fsync(2), to ensure that	the
	  last entry will be included in the file even if the system crashes.

	  Normally, vold automatically configures disk devices that can	be
	  found	by inspecting kernel disk drivers. These auto_configured disk
	  devices are not stored in persistent configurations, but are regen-
	  erated from kernel tables after every	reboot.	Invoking vold with -x
	  noautoconfig prevents	the automatic configuration of disk devices,
	  forcing the Logical Storage Manager to use only those	disk devices
	  listed in the	/etc/vol/volboot file. Disks can be added to this
	  file with the	voldctl	add disk command. Also,	one or more disks
	  containing rootdg configurations must	be recorded in the
	  /etc/vol/volboot file.

  -D diag_portal
      Specifies	a rendezvous file pathname for diagnostic operation connec-
      tions to vold. By	default, /etc/vol/vold_diag is used. The diagnostic
      portal exists in both the	enabled	and disabled operating modes. Pri-
      marily for internal use.

  -R request_portal
      Specifies	a rendezvous file pathname for regular configuration and
      query requests. By default, this is /etc/vol/vold_request.  The regular
      request portal exists only when vold is operating	in enabled mode. Pri-
      marily for internal use.


  The Logical Storage Manager configuration daemon, vold, is responsible for
  maintaining configurations of	disks and disk groups in the Logical Storage
  Manager. The vold daemon takes requests from other utilities for configura-
  tion changes,	communicates those changes to the kernel, and modifies confi-
  guration information stored on disk. The vold	daemon is also responsible
  for initializing the Logical Storage Manager when the	system is booted.


  If errors are	encountered, vold writes diagnostic messages to	the standard
  error	output.	Some serious errors will cause vold to exit. If	an error is
  encountered when importing the rootdg	disk group during a normal startup,
  vold will enter disabled mode. Refer to the Logical Storage Manager manual
  for a	description of the diagnostics and the suggested course	of action.

  Defined exit codes for vold are:

  0   The requested startup mode completed successfully. This is returned if
      -f is not	used to	start vold as a	foreground process. If vold is
      started as a foreground process, then it will exit with a	zero status
      if voldctl stop is used to cause vold to exit.

  1   The command line usage is	incorrect.

  2   Enabled-mode operation was requested, but	an error caused	vold to	enter
      disabled mode instead.  This is also returned for	boot-mode operation
      if startup failed. However, with boot-mode operation, the	background
      vold process exits as well.

  3   The -k option was	specified, but the existing vold could not be killed.

  4   A	system error was encountered that vold cannot recover from. The
      specific operation that failed is	printed	on the standard	error output.

  5   The background vold process was killed by	a signal before	startup	com-
      pleted. The specific signal is printed on	the standard error output.

  6   A	serious	inconsistency was found	in the kernel, preventing sane opera-
      tion. This can also happen because of version mismatch between the ker-
      nel and vold.

  7   The -r reset option was specified, but the Logical Storage Manager ker-
      nel cannot be reset. Usually this	means that a volume is open or

  8   An interprocess communications failure (usually a	STREAMS	failure) has
      occurred,	making it impossible for vold to take requests from other

  9   Volumes that must	be started early by vold could not be started. The
      reasons, and possible recovery solutions,	are printed to the standard
      error output.  For Tru64 UNIX, the only early-started volume is the
      root file	system (if defined on a	volume).


      Directory	containing block device	nodes for volumes.

      Directory	containing raw device nodes for	volumes.

      Default log file location	for vold if logging is enabled.

      File containing miscellaneous boot information. See voldctl(8) for more
      information on this file.

      Default portal for diagnostic connections	to vold.

      Directory	containing miscellaneous temporary files. Files	in this
      directory	are recreated after reboot.


  syslog(3), syslogd(8), volintro(8), voldctl(8)