vipw - Edits the /etc/passwd file
You use the vipw command to edit the /etc/passwd file with the editor
defined by the EDITOR environment variable. If this environment variable
is not set, the default editor is vi.
The vipw command performs basic consistency checks on the edited file. If a
hashed indexed passwd file existed previously, the vipw command uses the
mkpasswd command to recreate it.
The vipw command must not be used on systems that use extended security
attributes since it cannot set or change them. You must be superuser to run
this command. Only the superuser and security administrators should have
execute access to this command.
Because the vipw command cannot effectively change all the attributes of
users, it should not be used in a secure environment.
The vipw command accesses the following files, and requires the listed per-
To edit the /etc/passwd file, type the following command and add the
required line entry:
Specifies the command path.
Commands: passwd(1), adduser(8), mkpasswd(8)