tic - terminfo compiler
tic [ -v[n] ] [-c] filename
This command is available with the System V software installation
option. Refer to for information on how to install optional software.
tic compiles a terminfo(5V) source file into the compiled format. The
results are placed in the directory /usr/share/lib/terminfo. The com-
piled format is used by the curses(3V) library.
Each entry in the file describes the capabilities of a particular ter-
minal. When a use=entry field is given in a terminal entry, tic reads
in the binary (compiled) description of the indicated entry from
/usr/share/lib/terminfo to duplicate the contents of that entry within
the one being compiled. However, if an entry by that name is specified
in filename, the entry in that source file is used first. Also, if a
capability is defined in both entries, the definition in the current
entry's source file is used.
If the environment variable TERMINFO is set, that directory is searched
and written to instead of /usr/share/lib/terminfo.
Verbose. Display trace information on the standard error. The
optional integer argument is a number from 1 to 10, inclusive,
indicating the desired level of detail. If n is omitted, the
default is 1.
-c Only check filename for errors. Errors in use= links are not
compiled terminal description data base
fork(2V), curses(3V), curses(3V), malloc(3V), term(5), terminfo(5V)
Total compiled entries cannot exceed 4096 bytes. The name field cannot
exceed 1024 bytes.
When the -c option is used, duplicate terminal names will not be diag-
nosed; however, when -c is not used, they will be.
For backward compatibility, cancelled capabilities will not be marked
as such within the terminfo binary unless the entry name has a `+'
within it. Such terminal names are only used for inclusion with a use=
field, and typically aren't used for actual terminal names.
Most diagnostic messages produced by tic are preceded with the approxi-
mate line number and the name of the entry being processed.
mkdir name returned bad status
The named directory could not be created.
File does not start with terminal names in column one
The first thing seen in the file, after comments, must be the
list of terminal names.
Token after a seek(2) not NAMES
Somehow the file being compiled changed during the compilation.
Not enough memory for use_list element
Out of memory
Not enough free memory was available (malloc(3V) failed).
Can't open filename
The named file could not be opened or created.
Error in writing filename
The named file could not be written to.
Can'tlink filename to filename
A link failed.
Error in re-reading compiled filename
The compiled file could not be read back in.
The current entry ended prematurely.
Backspaced off beginning of line
This error indicates something wrong happened within tic.
Unknown Capability - filename
The named invalid capability was found within the file.
Wrong type used for capability ...
For example, a string capability was given a numeric value.
Unknown token type
Tokens must be followed by `@' to cancel, `,' for booleans, `#'
for numbers, or `=' for strings.
name: bad term name
Line n: Illegal terminal name - name
Terminal names must start with a letter or digit
The given name was invalid. Names must not contain white space
or slashes, and must begin with a letter or digit.
name: terminal name too long.
An extremely long terminal name was found.
name: terminal name too short.
A one-letter name was found.
name defined in more than one entry. Entry being used is name".
An entry was found more than once.
Terminal name name synonym for itself
A name was listed twice in the list of synonyms.
At least one synonym should begin with a letter.
At least one of the names of the terminal should begin with a
Illegal character - c
The given invalid character was found in the input file.
Newline in middle of terminal name
The trailing comma was probably left off of the list of names.
A comma was missing.
Missing numeric value
The number was missing after a numeric capability.
NULL string value
The proper way to say that a string capability does not exist is
to cancel it.
Very long string found. Missing comma?
Unknown option. Usage is:
An invalid option was entered.
Too many file names. Usage is:
name non-existent or permission denied
The given directory could not be written into.
name is not a directory
name: Permission denied
name: Not a directory
tic wanted to use the given name as a directory, but it already
exists as a file
SYSTEM ERROR!! Fork failed!!!
A fork(2V) failed.
Error in following up use-links.
Either there is a loop in the links or they reference non-exis-
tent terminals. The following is a list of the entries
A terminfo(5V) entry with a use=name capability either refer-
enced a non-existent terminal called filename or filename some-
how referred back to the given entry.
17 November 1987 TIC(8V)