TFTPD(8) BSD System Manager's Manual TFTPD(8)
tftpd -- Internet Trivial File Transfer Protocol server
/usr/libexec/tftpd [-cClnw] [-s directory] [-u user] [-U umask]
The tftpd utility is a server which supports the Internet Trivial File
Transfer Protocol (RFC 1350). The TFTP server operates at the port indi-
cated in the 'tftp' service description; see services(5). The server is
normally started by inetd(8).
The use of tftp(1) does not require an account or password on the remote
system. Due to the lack of authentication information, tftpd will allow
only publicly readable files to be accessed. Files containing the string
``/../'' or starting with ``../'' are not allowed. Files may be written
only if they already exist and are publicly writable. Note that this
extends the concept of ``public'' to include all users on all hosts that
can be reached through the network; this may not be appropriate on all
systems, and its implications should be considered before enabling tftp
service. The server should have the user ID with the lowest possible
Access to files may be restricted by invoking tftpd with a list of direc-
tories by including up to 20 pathnames as server program arguments in
/etc/inetd.conf. In this case access is restricted to files whose names
are prefixed by the one of the given directories. The given directories
are also treated as a search path for relative filename requests.
The -s option provides additional security by changing tftpd's root
directory, thereby prohibiting accesses outside of the specified
directory. Because chroot(2) requires super-user privileges, tftpd must
be run as root. However, after performing the chroot(), tftpd will set
its user id to that of the specified user, or ``nobody'' if no -u option
The options are:
-c Changes the default root directory of a connecting host via
chroot based on the connecting IP address. This prevents multi-
ple clients from writing to the same file at the same time. If
the directory does not exist, the client connection is refused.
The -s option is required for -c and the specified directory is
used as a base.
-C Operates the same as -c except it falls back to -s's directory if
a directory does not exist for the client's IP.
-l Log all requests using syslog(3) with the facility of LOG_FTP.
Note: Logging of LOG_FTP messages must also be enabled in the
syslog configuration file, syslog.conf(5).
-n Suppress negative acknowledgement of requests for nonexistent
Cause tftpd to change its root directory to directory. After
changing roots but before accepting commands, tftpd will switch
credentials to an unprivileged user.
Switch credentials to user (default ``nobody'') when the -s
option is used. The user must be specified by name, not a
Set the umask for newly created files. The default is 022
(S_IWGRP | S_IWOTH).
-w Allow writes requests to create new files. By default tftpd
requires that the file specified in a write request exist.
tftp(1), chroot(2), inetd(8), syslogd(8)
K. R. Sollins, The TFTP Protocol (Revision 2), July 1992, RFC 1350, STD
The tftpd utility appeared in 4.2BSD; the -s option was introduced in
FreeBSD 2.2, the -u option was introduced in FreeBSD 4.2, and the -c
option was introduced in FreeBSD 4.3.
Files larger than 33488896 octets (65535 blocks) cannot be transferred
without client and server supporting blocksize negotiation (RFC1783).
Many tftp clients will not transfer files over 16744448 octets (32767
BSD September 14, 2000 BSD