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TELNETD(8)                BSD System Manager's Manual               TELNETD(8)

NAME
     telnetd - DARPA TELNET protocol server

SYNOPSIS
     /usr/libexec/telnetd [-BUhlkns] [-D debugmode] [-Iinitid] [-S tos] [-X
                          authtype] [-a authmode] [-edebug] [-rlowpty-highpty]
                          [-u len] [-debug [port]]

DESCRIPTION
     The telnetd command is a server which supports the DARPA standard TELNET
     virtual terminal protocol.  Telnetd is normally invoked by the internet
     server (see inetd(8))  for requests to connect to the TELNET port as in-
     dicated by the /etc/services file (see services(5)).  The -debug option
     may be used to start up telnetd manually, instead of through inetd(8).
     If started up this way, port may be specified to run telnetd on an alter-
     nate TCP port number.

     The telnetd command accepts the following options:

     -a authmode  This option may be used for specifying what mode should be
                  used for authentication.  Note that this option is only use-
                  ful if telnetd has been compiled with support for the
                  AUTHENTICATION option.  There are several valid values for
                  authmode:

                  debug  Turns on authentication debugging code.

                  user   Only allow connections when the remote user can pro-
                         vide valid authentication information to identify the
                         remote user, and is allowed access to the specified
                         account without providing a password.

                  valid  Only allow connections when the remote user can pro-
                         vide valid authentication information to identify the
                         remote user.  The login(1) command will provide any
                         additional user verification needed if the remote us-
                         er is not allowed automatic access to the specified
                         account.

                  other  Only allow connections that supply some authentica-
                         tion information.  This option is currently not sup-
                         ported by any of the existing authentication mecha-
                         nisms, and is thus the same as specifying -a valid.

                  none   This is the default state.  Authentication informa-
                         tion is not required.  If no or insufficient authen-
                         tication information is provided, then the login(1)
                         program will provide the necessary user verification.

                  off    This disables the authentication code.  All user ver-
                         ification will happen through the login(1) program.

     -B           Specifies bftp server mode.  In this mode, telnetd causes
                  login to start a bftp(1) session rather than the user's nor-
                  mal shell.  In bftp daemon mode normal logins are not sup-
                  ported, and it must be used on a port other than the normal
                  TELNET port.

     -D debugmode
                  This option may be used for debugging purposes.  This allows
                  telnetd to print out debugging information to the connec-
                  tion, allowing the user to see what telnetd is doing.  There

                  are several possible values for debugmode:

                  options   Prints information about the negotiation of TELNET
                            options.

                  report    Prints the options information, plus some addi-
                            tional information about what processing is going
                            on.

                  netdata   Displays the data stream received by telnetd.

                  ptydata   Displays data written to the pty.

                  exercise  Has not been implemented yet.

     -debug       Enables debugging on each socket created by telnetd (see
                  SO_DEBUG in socket(2)).

     -edebug      If telnetd has been compiled with support for data encryp-
                  tion, then the -edebug option may be used to enable encryp-
                  tion debugging code.

     -h           Disables the printing of host-specific information before
                  login has been completed.

     -I initid    This option is only applicable to UNICOS systems prior to
                  7.0.  It specifies the ID from /etc/inittab to use when init
                  starts login sessions.  The default ID is fe.

     -k           This option is only useful if telnetd has been compiled with
                  both linemode and kludge linemode support.  If the -k option
                  is specified, then if the remote client does not support the
                  LINEMODE option, then telnetd will operate in character at a
                  time mode.  It will still support kludge linemode, but will
                  only go into kludge linemode if the remote client requests
                  it.  (This is done by by the client sending DONT SUPPRESS-
                  GO-AHEAD and DONT ECHO.) The -k option is most useful when
                  there are remote clients that do not support kludge
                  linemode, but pass the heuristic (if they respond with WILL
                  TIMING-MARK in response to a DO TIMING-MARK) for kludge
                  linemode support.

     -l           Specifies line mode.  Tries to force clients to use line-
                  at-a-time mode.  If the LINEMODE option is not supported, it
                  will go into kludge linemode.

     -n           Disable TCP keep-alives.  Normally telnetd enables the TCP
                  keep-alive mechanism to probe connections that have been
                  idle for some period of time to determine if the client is
                  still there, so that idle connections from machines that
                  have crashed or can no longer be reached may be cleaned up.

     -r lowpty-highpty
                  This option is only enabled when telnetd is compiled for
                  UNICOS. It specifies an inclusive range of pseudo-terminal
                  devices to use.  If the system has sysconf variable
                  _SC_CRAY_NPTY configured, the default pty search range is 0
                  to _SC_CRAY_NPTY; otherwise, the default range is 0 to 128.
                  Either lowpty or highpty may be omitted to allow changing
                  either end of the search range.  If lowpty is omitted, the -
                  character is still required so that telnetd can differenti-
                  ate highpty from lowpty.

     -s           This option is only enabled if telnetd is compiled with sup-
                  port for SecurID cards.  It causes the -s option to be
                  passed on to login(1),  and thus is only useful if login(1)
                  supports the -s flag to indicate that only SecurID validated
                  logins are allowed, and is usually useful for controlling
                  remote logins from outside of a firewall.

     -S tos

     -u len       This option is used to specify the size of the field in the
                  utmp structure that holds the remote host name.  If the re-
                  solved host name is longer than len, the dotted decimal val-
                  ue will be used instead.  This allows hosts with very long
                  host names that overflow this field to still be uniquely
                  identified.  Specifying -u0 indicates that only dotted deci-
                  mal addresses should be put into the utmp file.

     -U           This option causes telnetd to refuse connections from ad-
                  dresses that cannot be mapped back into a symbolic name via
                  the gethostbyaddr(3) routine.

     -X authtype  This option is only valid if telnetd has been built with
                  support for the authentication option.  It disables the use
                  of authtype authentication, and can be used to temporarily
                  disable a specific authentication type without having to re-
                  compile telnetd.

     Telnetd operates by allocating a pseudo-terminal device (see pty(4))  for
     a client, then creating a login process which has the slave side of the
     pseudo-terminal as stdin, stdout and stderr. Telnetd manipulates the mas-
     ter side of the pseudo-terminal, implementing the TELNET protocol and
     passing characters between the remote client and the login process.

     When a TELNET session is started up, telnetd sends TELNET options to the
     client side indicating a willingness to do the following TELNET options,
     which are described in more detail below:

           DO AUTHENTICATION
           WILL ENCRYPT
           DO TERMINAL TYPE
           DO TSPEED
           DO XDISPLOC
           DO NEW-ENVIRON
           DO ENVIRON
           WILL SUPPRESS GO AHEAD
           DO ECHO
           DO LINEMODE
           DO NAWS
           WILL STATUS
           DO LFLOW
           DO TIMING-MARK

     The pseudo-terminal allocated to the client is configured to operate in
     cooked mode, and with XTABS and CRMOD enabled (see tty(4)).

     Telnetd has support for enabling locally the following TELNET options:

     WILL ECHO          When the LINEMODE option is enabled, a WILL ECHO or
                        WONT ECHO will be sent to the client to indicate the
                        current state of terminal echoing.  When terminal echo
                        is not desired, a WILL ECHO is sent to indicate that
                        telnetd will take care of echoing any data that needs
                        to be echoed to the terminal, and then nothing is
                        echoed.  When terminal echo is desired, a WONT ECHO is
                        sent to indicate that telnetd will not be doing any
                        terminal echoing, so the client should do any terminal
                        echoing that is needed.

     WILL BINARY        Indicates that the client is willing to send a 8 bits
                        of data, rather than the normal 7 bits of the Network
                        Virtual Terminal.

     WILL SGA           Indicates that it will not be sending IAC GA, go
                        ahead, commands.

     WILL STATUS        Indicates a willingness to send the client, upon re-
                        quest, of the current status of all TELNET options.

     WILL TIMING-MARK   Whenever a DO TIMING-MARK command is received, it is
                        always responded to with a WILL TIMING-MARK

     WILL LOGOUT        When a DO LOGOUT is received, a WILL LOGOUT is sent in
                        response, and the TELNET session is shut down.

     WILL ENCRYPT       Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for data
                        encryption, and indicates a willingness to decrypt the
                        data stream.

     Telnetd has support for enabling remotely the following TELNET options:

     DO BINARY          Sent to indicate that telnetd is willing to receive an
                        8 bit data stream.

     DO LFLOW           Requests that the client handle flow control charac-
                        ters remotely.

     DO ECHO            This is not really supported, but is sent to identify
                        a 4.2BSD telnet(1) client, which will improperly re-
                        spond with WILL ECHO. If a WILL ECHO is received, a
                        DONT ECHO will be sent in response.

     DO TERMINAL-TYPE   Indicates a desire to be able to request the name of
                        the type of terminal that is attached to the client
                        side of the connection.

     DO SGA             Indicates that it does not need to receive IAC GA, the
                        go ahead command.

     DO NAWS            Requests that the client inform the server when the
                        window (display) size changes.

     DO TERMINAL-SPEED  Indicates a desire to be able to request information
                        about the speed of the serial line to which the client
                        is attached.

     DO XDISPLOC        Indicates a desire to be able to request the name of
                        the X windows display that is associated with the tel-
                        net client.

     DO NEW-ENVIRON     Indicates a desire to be able to request environment
                        variable information, as described in RFC 1572.

     DO ENVIRON         Indicates a desire to be able to request environment
                        variable information, as described in RFC 1408.

     DO LINEMODE        Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for
                        linemode, and requests that the client do line by line
                        processing.

     DO TIMING-MARK     Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for both
                        linemode and kludge linemode, and the client responded
                        with WONT LINEMODE. If the client responds with WILL
                        TM, the it is assumed that the client supports kludge
                        linemode.  Note that the [-k] option can be used to

                        disable this.

     DO AUTHENTICATION  Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for au-
                        thentication, and indicates a willingness to receive
                        authentication information for automatic login.

     DO ENCRYPT         Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for data
                        encryption, and indicates a willingness to decrypt the
                        data stream.

ENVIRONMENT
FILES
     /etc/services
     /etc/inittab (UNICOS systems only)
     /etc/iptos (if supported)
     /usr/ucb/bftp (if supported)

SEE ALSO
     telnet(1),  login(1),  bftp(1) (if supported)

STANDARDS
     RFC-854   TELNET PROTOCOL SPECIFICATION
     RFC-855   TELNET OPTION SPECIFICATIONS
     RFC-856   TELNET BINARY TRANSMISSION
     RFC-857   TELNET ECHO OPTION
     RFC-858   TELNET SUPPRESS GO AHEAD OPTION
     RFC-859   TELNET STATUS OPTION
     RFC-860   TELNET TIMING MARK OPTION
     RFC-861   TELNET EXTENDED OPTIONS - LIST OPTION
     RFC-885   TELNET END OF RECORD OPTION
     RFC-1073  Telnet Window Size Option
     RFC-1079  Telnet Terminal Speed Option
     RFC-1091  Telnet Terminal-Type Option
     RFC-1096  Telnet X Display Location Option
     RFC-1123  Requirements for Internet Hosts -- Application and Support
     RFC-1184  Telnet Linemode Option
     RFC-1372  Telnet Remote Flow Control Option
     RFC-1416  Telnet Authentication Option
     RFC-1411  Telnet Authentication: Kerberos Version 4
     RFC-1412  Telnet Authentication: SPX
     RFC-1571  Telnet Environment Option Interoperability Issues
     RFC-1572  Telnet Environment Option

BUGS
     Some TELNET commands are only partially implemented.

     Because of bugs in the original 4.2 BSD telnet(1),  telnetd performs some
     dubious protocol exchanges to try to discover if the remote client is, in
     fact, a 4.2 BSD telnet(1).

     Binary mode has no common interpretation except between similar operating
     systems (Unix in this case).

     The terminal type name received from the remote client is converted to
     lower case.

     Telnetd never sends TELNET IAC GA (go ahead) commands.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution        June 1, 1994                                5