SA(8) System Manager's Manual SA(8)
sa, accton - system accounting
/etc/sa [ -abcdDfijkKlnrstuv ] [ file ]
/etc/accton [ file ]
With an argument naming an existing file, accton causes system account-
ing information for every process executed to be placed at the end of
the file. If no argument is given, accounting is turned off.
Sa reports on, cleans up, and generally maintains accounting files.
Sa is able to condense the information in /usr/adm/acct into a summary
file /usr/adm/savacct which contains a count of the number of times
each command was called and the time resources consumed. This conden-
sation is desirable because on a large system /usr/adm/acct can grow by
100 blocks per day. The summary file is normally read before the
accounting file, so the reports include all available information.
If a file name is given as the last argument, that file will be treated
as the accounting file; /usr/adm/acct is the default.
Output fields are labeled: "cpu" for the sum of user+system time (in
minutes), "re" for real time (also in minutes), "k" for cpu-time aver-
aged core usage (in 1k units), "avio" for average number of i/o opera-
tions per execution. With options fields labeled "tio" for total i/o
operations, "k*sec" for cpu storage integral (kilo-core seconds), "u"
and "s" for user and system cpu time alone (both in minutes) will some-
There are near a googol of options:
a Place all command names containing unprintable characters and
those used only once under the name `***other.'
b Sort output by sum of user and system time divided by number of
calls. Default sort is by sum of user and system times.
c Besides total user, system, and real time for each command print
percentage of total time over all commands.
d Sort by average number of disk i/o operations.
D Print and sort by total number of disk i/o operations.
f Force no interactive threshold compression with -v flag.
i Don't read in summary file.
j Instead of total minutes time for each category, give seconds
k Sort by cpu-time average memory usage.
K Print and sort by cpu-storage integral.
l Separate system and user time; normally they are combined.
m Print number of processes and number of CPU minutes for each
n Sort by number of calls.
r Reverse order of sort.
s Merge accounting file into summary file /usr/adm/savacct when
t For each command report ratio of real time to the sum of user
and system times.
u Superseding all other flags, print for each command in the
accounting file the user ID and command name.
v Followed by a number n, types the name of each command used n
times or fewer. Await a reply from the terminal; if it begins
with `y', add the command to the category `**junk**.' This is
used to strip out garbage.
/usr/adm/acct raw accounting
/usr/adm/usracct per-user summary
The number of options to this program is absurd.
20 April 1980 SA(8)