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vrestore(8)							  vrestore(8)


  vrestore, rvrestore -	Restores files from savesets that are produced by
  vdump	and rvdump


  /sbin/vrestore -h

  /sbin/vrestore -V

  /sbin/vrestore -t  [-f device]

  /sbin/vrestore -l  [-Q] [-f device]

  /sbin/vrestore -i  [-mqQv] [-f device] [-D path] [-o opt]

  /sbin/vrestore -x  [-mqQv] [-f device] [-D path] [-o opt] [file...]

  /sbin/rvrestore -h

  /sbin/rvrestore -V

  /sbin/rvrestore -t  [-f nodename:device]

  /sbin/rvrestore -l  [-Q] [-f nodename:device]

  /sbin/rvrestore -i  [-mqQv] [-f nodename:device] [-D path] [-o opt]

  /sbin/rvrestore -x  [-mqQv] [-f nodename:device] [-D path] [-o opt]


  -D path
      Specifies	the destination	path of	where to restore the files.  Without
      the -D option, the files are restored to the current directory.

  -f device

  -f nodename:device
      When an argument follows the -f option, it specifies the name of the
      storage device that contains the saveset to be restored. The argument
      replaces the default device /dev/tape/tape0_d1.

      For rvrestore, the mandatory specification is nodename:device to
      specify the remote machine name that holds the saveset to	be restored.
      There is no default device.

  -h  Displays usage help for the command.

  -i  Permits interactive restoration of files read from a saveset.  After
      reading directory	information from the saveset, the vrestore command
      provides a shell-like interface that allows you to select	the files you
      want to restore.	Some of	the following interactive commands require an
      arg parameter that is a subdirectory or one or more file names.	The
      other interactive	commands use the current directory as default when
      the arg parameter	is not specified. Multiple file	names can be
      separated	by spaces.  Quotes (") can be used around a file name that
      contains space(s).  File names containing	quotes (") can be specified
      by preceding the quote with a backslash (\). The interactive commands
      are explained in the following list:

      add arg
	  Adds the files in the	saveset	specified by arg to the	list of	files
	  to be	restored. Files	on the list of files to	be restored are
	  prepended with the * (asterisk) character when they are listed with
	  the ls interactive command.

      cd [arg]
	  Changes the current saveset directory	to the directory specified
	  with the arg parameter.

      delete arg
	  Deletes all files and	their subdirectories specified by the arg
	  parameter from the list of files to be restored.

	  An expedient way to select wanted files from any directory in	a
	  saveset is to	add the	directory to the list of files to be restored
	  and then delete the ones that	are not	wanted.

      extract or restore
	  Restores files, previously added by using the	add command, to	the
	  current destination directory.

	  Displays help	information for	the interactive	commands.

      ls [arg]
	  Lists	files in the current saveset directory or the directory
	  specified with the arg parameter.  Directory entries are appended
	  with a slash (/) character.  Entries that have been marked to	be
	  restored are prepended with an asterisk (*) character.

      pwd Writes the path name of the current saveset directory	to the stan-
	  dard output device.

      quit or exit
	  Exits	immediately, even when the files on the	list of	files to be
	  restored have	not been read.

      sh command
	  Escapes from the shell, runs the system command, then	returns	to
	  the shell.

	  Selects the -v modifier (see the -v option). The name	of each	file
	  restored from	the saveset is written to the standard output device.

      ?	  Displays help	information for	the interactive	commands.

  -l  Lists the	entire saveset structure.

  -m  Does not preserve	the owner, group, or modes of each file	from the dev-

  -o opt
      Specifies	the action to take when	a file already exists. The options

      yes Overwrites existing files without any	query. The default is yes.

      no  Does not overwrite existing files.

      ask Asks whether to overwrite an existing	file.

  -q  Prints only error	messages; does not print information messages.

  -Q  Specifies	that quota files should	not be restored.

  -t  Lists the	names and size (in bytes) of all files contained in a
      saveset. Exception:  the sizes of	any AdvFS quota	files are not shown.

  -v  Writes the name of each file read	from the storage device	to the stan-
      dard output device.  Without this	option the vrestore command does not
      notify you about progress	on reading from	the storage device.

  -V  Displays the current version for the command.

  -x  Extracts a specific file or files	from the saveset.  Use this command
      as an alternate to using the add command in interactive mode.  The -x
      option can precede any other options, but	the file...  list must be the
      last item	on the command line.

      For example, to restore the files	file1 and file2	from the saveset on
      the default device, /dev/tape/tape0_d1, to the /mnt directory, enter:
	   # vrestore -x -D /mnt file1 file2

      Specifies	the file or files to restore when using	the -x option.	All
      other options must precede any file names	on the command line.


  The vrestore and rvrestore commands restore data from	a saveset previously
  archived by the vdump	command	or the rvdump command. The data, which can be
  restored from	a file,	a pipe (not applicable for the rvrestore command), or
  a storage device (typically tape), is	written	to the specified directory.
  The default storage device from which	files are read is /dev/tape/tape0_d1.
  You can use the -f option to specify a different device or file. Tape
  storage devices can contain more than	one saveset. The vrestore and rvre-
  store	commands restore any associated	extended attributes, including ACLs,
  in the archive data. See the proplist(4) and acl(4) reference	pages.

  The vrestore and rvrestore commands are the restore facility for the AdvFS
  file system.	However, the commands can be used to restore UFS and NFS
  files	that have been archived	by using the vdump or rvdump commands.

  The default directory	into which the files are restored is the current
  directory.  You can specify an alternate directory by	using the -D option.

  Use the -t option to list the	file names and sizes of	the files in a
  saveset without restoring any	files.

  When you are using the interactive shell and the AdvFS user and group	quota
  files	are available in the saveset for restoration, the file names used to
  refer	to them	will be	quota.user and quota.group, regardless of what the
  quota	files are named	in either the backed up	fileset	or in the destination
  fileset.  Restoration	of the quota files does	not change the names of	the
  quota	files in the destination fileset. Use the -Q option if you do not
  want to restore quota	files.

  If the destination fileset is	AdvFS, and the saveset contains	AdvFS fileset
  quotas, the fileset quotas are restored, even	when they differ from the
  fileset quotas of the	destination fileset. By	using the -Q option, -o	no,
  option or -o ask option, you can prevent this	behavior.

  The vdump and	rvdump commands	can write many savesets	to a tape. If you
  want to use the vrestore or the rvrestore commands to	restore	a particular
  saveset, you must first position the tape to the saveset by using the	mt
  command with the fsf option to move through your tape.

  The source directory path from a vdump command line is stored	as a string
  in the header	record of the saveset produced.	 The vrestore command
  displays this	string when it restores	the archived saveset. The string
  truncates at 128 characters. Several vrestore	command	options, including
  -t, -l, -i, and -x, display the source directory path. The command is	the
  exact	string from the	vdump command:	it contains no relative	pathname
  expansions or	resolved symbolic links.

  For example, if a vdump command line contained instructions to dump files
  from a directory named /usr/specs, which was a symbolic link to a directory
  named	/tmp_mnt/pease1/usr/specs, the source directory	string displayed by
  the vrestore command would be	/usr/specs:

  The vdump command:

       % vdump -0 -f mydump /usr/specs

  The vrestore command and string displayed:

       % vrestore -t -f	mydump
       vrestore:  Date of the vdump save-set:  "date"
       >>>>>> vrestore:  Save-set source directory:  /usr/specs

  Files	that were saved	on a system running a pre-Version 5 operating system
  will be restored by a	Version	5 operating system in the same manner as they
  would	have been restored by a	pre-Version 5 system. This means that any UFS
  sparse files archived	with the vdump command prior to	Tru64 UNIX Version
  5.0 will be allocated	disk space and filled with zeros and any AdvFS
  striped sparse files archived	with the vdump command prior to	Version	4.0D
  will be allocated disk space and filled with zeros. If you save and restore
  your sparse files under Version 5, they will remain sparse.

  Note that an incremental dump	only captures the files	that have changed,
  ignoring all others. This means that if you perform a	level 0	 dump and a
  later	incremental dump, deleted files	are not	marked as gone	(deleted). If
  you then do a	complete restore with a	level 0	saveset	and  incremental
  backups, the deleted files will be restored. You must	then  delete these
  files	individually.

  You do not have to be	the root user to use the vrestore command, but you
  must have write access to the	directory to which you want to restore the


  To run the rvrestore command,	you must be able to execute the	rsh command
  from the remote node from which you want to restore. See rsh(1) for server
  and client access rules.

  Filesets that	have been archived by using the	vdump or rvdump	command	must
  be restored by using the vrestore or rvrestore command.  The vdump and
  rvdump commands are not interchangeable with the dump	and rdump commands.
  Similarly, the vrestore and rvrestore	commands are not interchangeable with
  the restore and rrestore commands.

  A saveset stored on a	block special device file containing disk block	0
  that has not had the disk label cleared will contain an error	and no files
  will be restored. See	vdump(8) for more information.

  Only the root	user can restore AdvFS quota files and fileset quotas.	A
  warning message is displayed when a non-root user attempts to	use the	vre-
  store	command	to restore AdvFS quota files or	fileset	quotas.	 Use the -Q
  option to prevent the	restoration of quota files.

  The vrestore command in operating system versions earlier than Version 4.0
  cannot be used to restore savesets produced by the vdump command in Version
  4.0 or higher	systems.

  The vrestore command in Tru64	UNIX Version 5.0 cannot	interactively restore
  quota	files that have	been saved by the vdump	command	in Version 4.0D	and
  earlier.  However, the command mode of the vrestore command in Tru64 UNIX
  Version 5.0 can restore such quota files.

  AdvFS	quota files can	be restored to either an AdvFS fileset or a UFS	file
  system, but UFS quota	files cannot be	restored to an AdvFS fileset. If
  AdvFS	quota files are	to be restored to a UFS	file system, quotas must be
  enabled on the UFS file system.  Otherwise, the operation fails. AdvFS
  fileset quotas cannot	be restored to a UFS file system because there is no
  UFS analog to	AdvFS fileset quotas.

  Attempting to	use a vrestore or rvrestore to restore to a base directory
  that has a default directory access control list (ACL) or a default access
  ACL may cause	unintended ACLs	to be created on the restored files and
  directories. If ACLs are enabled on the system, check	all ACLs after using
  the vrestore or rvrestore command.  View the documents in SEE	ALSO for more
  information about access control lists (ACLs).


   1.  To restore a local archive produced by the vdump	command	and mounted
       on the default storage device to	the mnt	directory, enter a command
       similar to the following:
	    % vrestore -D /mnt

   2.  To restore a remote archive produced by the vdump or rvdump command
       and mounted on the default storage device on machine node pease to the
       local mnt directory, enter a command similar to the following:
	    # rvrestore	-xf pease:/dev/tape/tape0 -D /mnt

   3.  When the	restore	saveset	device is the character	dash  (-), the vre-
       store command reads from	standard input.	 Thus, the vdump and vrestore
       commands	can be used in a pipeline expression to	copy filesets. The
       following are typical commands; they are	equivalent:
	    # vdump -0 -f - /usr | (cd /mnt; vrestore -x -f -)
	    # vdump -0f	- /usr | vrestore -xf -	-D /mnt

       The rvdump and rvrestore	commands are unable to use the	dash  (-)
       character. The output device must be specified.

   4.  To restore from a tape containing multiple savesets you created with
       the vdump command, use the mt fsf n command (forward space n savesets
       or files) to locate the saveset to restore. The following example will
       space forward to	the third saveset and then restore it:
	    # mt fsf 2
	    # vrestore -xf /dev/tape/tape0


      The vrestore command path.

      The rvrestore command path.

      The default storage device.


  Commands: mt(1), rsh(1), rvdump(8), vdump(8)

  Files: acl(4), proplist(4)

  AdvFS	Administration