unixdev.net


Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (OSF1-V5.1-alpha)
Page:
Section:
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field



pcnfsd(8)							    pcnfsd(8)



NAME

  pcnfsd, rpc.pcnfsd - The (PC)NFS authentication and print request server

SYNOPSIS

  /usr/sbin/pcnfsd

DESCRIPTION

  The pcnfsd daemon is an server that supports ONC clients on PC (DOS, OS/2,
  Macintosh, and other)	systems. This reference	page describes Version 2 of
  the pcnfsd server.

  The rpc.pcnfsd daemon	is started via /etc/rc.config by default. It can be
  turned off by	running	nfssetup and by	answering 'no' to the appropriate
  question. The	pcnfsd daemon reads the	/etc/pcnfsd.conf configuration file
  if present, and then services	RPC requests directed to program number
  150001. This release of the pcnfsd daemon supports both Version 1 and	Ver-
  sion 2 of the	pcnfsd protocol.

  The requests serviced	by pcnfsd fall into three categories: authentication,
  printing, and	other. Only the	authentication and printing services have
  administrative significance.

  AVAILABILITY


  This program can be redistributed freely.

  AUTHENTICATION


  When pcnfsd receives a PCNFSD_AUTH or	PCNFSD2_AUTH request, it "logs in"
  the user by validating the user name and password and	returning the
  corresponding	UID, GIDs, home	directory, and umask.

  By default, pcnfsd only allows authentication	requests for users with	UIDs
  in the range 101 to 60002. (This corresponds in SVR4 to the range for	non-
  system accounts.) To override	this, you can add a line in the	following
  format to the	/etc/pcnfsd.conf file. Here each range is either of the	fol-
  lowing forms indicating an inclusive range:

       uidrange	uid

       uidrange	uid-uid








  PRINTING


  The pcnfsd daemon supports a printing	model based on the use of NFS to
  transfer the actual print data from the client to the	server.	The client
  system issues	a PCNFSD_PR_INIT or PCNFSD2_PR_INIT request, and the server
  returns the path to a	spool directory	that the client	can use	and that is
  exported by NFS. The pcnfsd daemon creates a subdirectory for	each of	its
  clients: the parent directory	is normally /usr/spool/pcnfs and the sub-
  directory is the host	name of	the client system. You must also export	the
  /usr/spool/pcnfs directory to	the PC clients.	 If you	want to	use a dif-
  ferent parent	directory, add a line of the following format to the
  /etc/pcnfsd.conf file:

  spooldir path

  Once a client	has mounted the	spool directory	by using NFS and has
  transferred print data to a file in this directory, the client issues	a
  PCNFSD_PR_START or PCNFSD2_PR_START request. The pcnfsd daemon handles
  this,	and most other print-related requests, by constructing a command
  based	on the printing	services of the	server operating system	and by exe-
  cuting the command using the identity	of the PC user.	Since this involves
  set-user-id privileges, pcnfsd must be run as	root.

  Every	print request from the client includes the name	of the printer which
  is to	be used. This name corresponds to a printer definition in the
  /etc/printcap	database. If you want to define	a nonstandard way of process-
  ing print data, you should define a new printer and arrange for the client
  to print to this printer. There are two ways of setting up a new printer.
  The first involves the addition of an	entry to /etc/printcap and the crea-
  tion of filters to perform the required processing.  This is outside the
  scope	of this	discussion. In addition, pcnfsd	includes a mechanism by	which
  you can define virtual printers known	only to	pcnfsd clients.	Each printer
  is defined by	a line in the /etc/pcnfsd.conf file of the following format:

  printer name alias-for command

  The name variable is the name	of the printer you want	to define and the
  alias-for variable is	the name of a ``real'' printer that corresponds	to
  this printer.	For example, a request to display the queue for	name is
  translated into the corresponding request for	the printer alias-for.	If
  you have defined a printer in	such a way that	there is no "real" printer to
  which	it corresponds,	use a single dash (-) for this field. (See the defin-
  ition	of the printer test below for an example.) The command variable	is a
  command that will be executed	whenever a file	is printed on name. This com-
  mand is executed by the Bourne shell,	/bin/sh, using the -c option. For
  complex operations you should	construct an executable	shell program and
  invoke that in command.  Within command, the following tokens	will be
  replaced:

  Token	  Substitution
  $FILE

	  Replaced by the full pathname	of the print data file.
	  When the command has been executed, the file will be
	  unlinked.
  $USER

	  Replaced by the user name of the user	logged in to the
	  client system.
  $HOST	  Replaced by the host name of the client system.

  The printer test is used only	for testing. Any file sent to this printer
  will be copied into /usr/tmp.	Any request to list the	queue, check the
  status, and so on of printer test will be rejected because the alias-for
  has been specified as	a dash (-).




FILES

  /etc/pcnfsd.conf
      The pcnfsd configuration file.


SEE ALSO

  Commands: lp(1), lpq(1), lpstat(1)