unixdev.net


Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (Debian-3.1)
Page:
Section:
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field

MASTER(8)                   System Manager's Manual                  MASTER(8)



NAME
       master - Postfix master process

SYNOPSIS
       master [-Dtv] [-c config_dir]
               [-e exit_time]

DESCRIPTION
       The  master daemon is the resident process that runs Postfix daemons on
       demand: daemons to send or receive messages via the network, daemons to
       deliver mail locally, etc.  These daemons are created on demand up to a
       configurable maximum number per service.

       Postfix daemons terminate voluntarily, either after being  idle  for  a
       configurable  amount  of  time, or after having serviced a configurable
       number of requests. Exceptions to this rule are the resident queue man-
       ager and the resident address verification server.

       The  behavior  of the master daemon is controlled by the master.cf con-
       figuration file. The table specifies zero or more servers in  the  UNIX
       or INET domain, or servers that take requests from a FIFO. Precise con-
       figuration details are given in the master.cf file, and in  the  manual
       pages of the respective daemons.

       Options:

       -c config_dir
              Read  the main.cf and master.cf configuration files in the named
              directory instead of the default configuration directory.

       -e exit_time
              Terminate the master process after exit_time seconds. Child pro-
              cesses terminate at their convenience.

       -D     After  initialization, run a debugger on the master process. The
              debugging command is specified with the debugger_command in  the
              main.cf global configuration file.

       -t     Test  mode.  Return  a zero exit status when the master.pid lock
              file does not exist or when that file is not  locked.   This  is
              evidence that the master daemon is not running.

       -v     Enable  verbose  logging  for debugging purposes. This option is
              passed on to child processes. Multiple -v options make the soft-
              ware increasingly verbose.

       Signals:

       SIGHUP Upon  receipt  of a HUP signal (e.g., after postfix reload), the
              master process re-reads its configuration files.  If  a  service
              has  been removed from the master.cf file, its running processes
              are terminated immediately.  Otherwise,  running  processes  are
              allowed  to  terminate as soon as is convenient, so that changes
              in configuration settings affect only new service requests.

       SIGTERM
              Upon receipt of a TERM signal (e.g., after postfix  abort),  the
              master  process  passes the signal on to its child processes and
              terminates.  This is useful for an emergency shutdown.  Normally
              one  would  terminate  only  the master (postfix stop) and allow
              running processes to finish what they are doing.

DIAGNOSTICS
       Problems are reported to syslogd(8).

ENVIRONMENT
       MAIL_DEBUG
              After initialization, start a debugger  as  specified  with  the
              debugger_command configuration parameter in the main.cf configu-
              ration file.

       MAIL_CONFIG
              Directory with Postfix configuration files.

CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS
       Unlike most Postfix daemon processes, the  master(8)  server  does  not
       automatically  pick  up  changes  to  main.cf. Changes to master.cf are
       never picked up automatically.  Use the postfix reload command after  a
       configuration change.

RESOURCE AND RATE CONTROLS
       daemon_timeout (18000s)
              How  much  time  a  Postfix  daemon process may take to handle a
              request before it is terminated by a built-in watchdog timer.

       default_process_limit (100)
              The default maximal number of Postfix child processes that  pro-
              vide a given service.

       max_idle (100s)
              The  maximum  amount of time that an idle Postfix daemon process
              waits for the next service request before exiting.

       max_use (100)
              The maximal number of connection requests before a Postfix  dae-
              mon process terminates.

       service_throttle_time (60s)
              How  long  the  Postfix  master(8) waits before forking a server
              that appears to be malfunctioning.

MISCELLANEOUS CONTROLS
       config_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The default location of the Postfix main.cf and  master.cf  con-
              figuration files.

       daemon_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The directory with Postfix support programs and daemon programs.

       debugger_command (empty)
              The external command to execute when a Postfix daemon program is
              invoked with the -D option.

       inet_interfaces (all)
              The network interface addresses that this mail  system  receives
              mail on.

       import_environment (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The  list  of environment parameters that a Postfix process will
              import from a non-Postfix parent process.

       mail_owner (postfix)
              The UNIX system account that owns the  Postfix  queue  and  most
              Postfix daemon processes.

       process_id (read-only)
              The process ID of a Postfix command or daemon process.

       process_name (read-only)
              The process name of a Postfix command or daemon process.

       queue_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The location of the Postfix top-level queue directory.

       syslog_facility (mail)
              The syslog facility of Postfix logging.

       syslog_name (postfix)
              The  mail  system  name that is prepended to the process name in
              syslog records, so that "smtpd"  becomes,  for  example,  "post-
              fix/smtpd".

FILES
       /etc/postfix/main.cf, global configuration file.
       /etc/postfix/master.cf, master server configuration file.
       /var/spool/postfix/pid/master.pid, master lock file.

SEE ALSO
       qmgr(8), queue manager
       verify(8), address verification
       postconf(5), configuration parameters
       syslogd(8), system logging

LICENSE
       The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.

AUTHOR(S)
       Wietse Venema
       IBM T.J. Watson Research
       P.O. Box 704
       Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA



                                                                     MASTER(8)