MAIL.LOCAL(8) System Manager's Manual MAIL.LOCAL(8)
mail.local - store mail in a mailbox
mail.local [-7] [-B] [-b] [-d] [-D mbdb] [-l] [-s] [-f from|-r from]
[-h filename ] user ...
Mail.local reads the standard input up to an end-of-file and appends it
to each user's mail file. The user must be a valid user name.
The options are as follows:
-7 Do not advertise 8BITMIME support in LMTP mode.
-B Turn off the attempts to notify the service.
-b Return a permanent error instead of a temporary error if a
mailbox exceeds quota.
-d Specify this is a delivery (for backward compatibility).
This option has no effect.
-D mbdb Specify the name of the mailbox database which is used to
look up local recipient names. This option defaults to "pw",
which means use getpwnam().
-f from Specify the sender's name.
-l Turn on LMTP mode.
-s Turn off the call that forces the mailbox to be committed to
disk before returning a status.
-r from Specify the sender's name (for backward compatibility). Same
Store incoming mail in filename in the user's home directory
instead of a system mail spool directory.
The next options are only available if mail.local has been compiled
Select hashed mail directories. Valid hash types are u for user
name and m for MD5 (requires compilation with -DHASHSPOOLMD5).
Example: -H u2 selects user name hashing with a hash depth of 2.
Note: there must be no space between the hash type and the
Specify an alternate mail spool path.
-n Specify that the domain part of recipient addresses in LMTP mode
should not be stripped.
Individual mail messages in the mailbox are delimited by an empty line
followed by a line beginning with the string ``From ''. A line con-
taining the string ``From '', the sender's name and a time stamp is
prepended to each delivered mail message. A blank line is appended to
each message. A greater-than character (``>'') is prepended to any
line in the message which could be mistaken for a ``From '' delimiter
line (that is, a line beginning with the five characters ``From '' fol-
lowing a blank line).
The mail files are exclusively locked with flock(2) while mail is
appended, and a user.lock file also is created while the mailbox is
locked for compatibility with older MUAs.
If the ``biff'' service is returned by getservbyname(3), the biff
server is notified of delivered mail.
The mail.local utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
TZ Used to set the appropriate time zone on the timestamp.
/tmp/local.XXXXXX temporary files
/var/mail/user user's default mailbox directory
/var/mail/user.lock lock file for a user's default mailbox
mail(1), flock(2), getservbyname(3), comsat(8), sendmail(8)
mail.local escapes only "^From " lines that follow an empty line. If
all lines starting with "From " should be escaped, use the 'E' flag for
the local mailer in the sendmail.cf file.
A superset of mail.local (handling mailbox reading as well as mail
delivery) appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX as the program mail.
$Date: 2003/10/20 20:26:51 $ MAIL.LOCAL(8)