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ipfstat(8)                  System Manager's Manual                 ipfstat(8)



NAME
       ipfstat - reports on packet filter statistics and filter list

SYNOPSIS
       ipfstat [ -6aAdfghIilnoRsv ]
       ipfstat  -t [ -6C ] [ -D <addrport> ] [ -P <protocol> ] [ -S <addrport>
       ] [ -T <refresh time> ]

DESCRIPTION
       ipfstat examines /dev/kmem using the symbols _fr_flags, _frstats, _fil-
       terin,  and  _filterout.   To run and work, it needs to be able to read
       both /dev/kmem and the kernel itself.   The  kernel  name  defaults  to
       /netbsd.

       The default behaviour of ipfstat is to retrieve and display the accumu-
       lated statistics which have been accumulated over time  as  the  kernel
       has put packets through the filter.

OPTIONS
       -6     Display filter lists and states for IPv6, if available.

       -a     Display  the  accounting  filter  list  and  show  bytes counted
              against each rule.

       -A     Display packet authentication statistics.

       -C     This option is only  valid  in  combination  with  -t.   Display
              "closed"  states  as well in the top. Normally, a TCP connection
              is not displayed when it reaches the CLOSE_WAIT protocol  state.
              With this option enabled, all state entries are displayed.

       -d     Produce debugging output when displaying data.

       -D <addrport>
              This  option  is  only  valid  in combination with -t. Limit the
              state top display to show only state entries  whose  destination
              IP  address  and  port match the addrport argument. The addrport
              specification is of the form  ipaddress[,port].   The  ipaddress
              and  port should be either numerical or the string "any" (speci-
              fying any IP address resp. any port). If the -D  option  is  not
              specified, it defaults to "-D any,any".

       -f     Show  fragment  state  information  (statistics)  and held state
              information (in the kernel) if any is present.

       -g     Show groups currently configured (both active and inactive).

       -h     Show per-rule the number of times each one scores a "hit".   For
              use in combination with -i.

       -i     Display the filter list used for the input side of the kernel IP
              processing.

       -I     Swap between retrieving "inactive"/"active" filter list details.
              For use in combination with -i.

       -n     Show the "rule number" for each rule as it is printed.

       -o     Display  the  filter list used for the output side of the kernel
              IP processing.

       -P <protocol>
              This option is only valid in  combination  with  -t.  Limit  the
              state  top  display to show only state entries that match a spe-
              cific protocol. The argument can be a protocol name (as  defined
              in  /etc/protocols)  or a protocol number. If this option is not
              specified, state entries for any protocol are specified.

       -R     Don't try to resolve addresses to hostnames and  ports  to  ser-
              vices while printing statistics.

       -s     Show packet/flow state information (statistics only).

       -sl    Show  held  state  information (in the kernel) if any is present
              (no statistics).

       -S <addrport>
              This option is only valid in  combination  with  -t.  Limit  the
              state  top  display  to  show only state entries whose source IP
              address and port match the addrport argument. The addrport spec-
              ification  is  of  the form ipaddress[,port].  The ipaddress and
              port should be either numerical or the string "any"  (specifying
              any  IP  address resp. any port). If the -S option is not speci-
              fied, it defaults to "-S any,any".

       -t     Show the state table in a way similar to the  way  top(1)  shows
              the  process  table. States can be sorted using a number of dif-
              ferent ways. This option requires curses(3) and needs to be com-
              piled  in. It may not be available on all operating systems. See
              below, for more information on the keys that can be  used  while
              ipfstat is in top mode.

       -T <refreshtime>
              This  option is only valid in combination with -t. Specifies how
              often the state top display should be updated. The refresh  time
              is the number of seconds between an update. Any positive integer
              can be used. The default (and minimal update time) is 1.

       -v     Turn verbose mode on.  Displays more debugging information.

SYNOPSIS
       The role of ipfstat is to display current kernel statistics gathered as
       a  result of applying the filters in place (if any) to packets going in
       and out of the kernel.  This is the default operation when  no  command
       line parameters are present.

       When  supplied  with  either -i or -o, it will retrieve and display the
       appropriate list of filter rules currently installed and in use by  the
       kernel.

       One  of  the statistics that ipfstat shows is ticks.  This number indi-
       cates how long the filter has been enabled.  The number is  incremented
       every half-second.

STATE TOP
       Using the -t option ipfstat will enter the state top mode. In this mode
       the state table is displayed  similar  to  the  way  top  displays  the
       process  table.  The  -C, -D, -P, -S and -T command line options can be
       used to restrict the state entries that will be shown  and  to  specify
       the frequency of display updates.

       In state top mode, the following keys can be used to influence the dis-
       played information:

       b show packets/bytes from backward direction.

       f show packets/bytes from forward direction. (default)

       l redraw the screen.

       q quit the program.

       s switch between different sorting criterion.

       r reverse the sorting criterion.

       States can be sorted by protocol number, by number of  IP  packets,  by
       number  of bytes and by time-to-live of the state entry. The default is
       to sort by the number of bytes. States are sorted in descending  order,
       but you can use the r key to sort them in ascending order.

STATE TOP LIMITATIONS
       It is currently not possible to interactively change the source, desti-
       nation and protocol filters or the refresh frequency. This must be done
       from the command line.

       The  screen must have at least 80 columns. This is however not checked.
       When running state top in IPv6 mode, the screen must be much  wider  to
       display the very long IPv6 addresses.

       Only  the first X-5 entries that match the sort and filter criteria are
       displayed (where X is the number of rows on the display. The  only  way
       to see more entries is to resize the screen.

FILES
       /dev/kmem
       /dev/ipl
       /dev/ipstate
       /netbsd

SEE ALSO
       ipf(8)

BUGS
       none known.



                                                                    ipfstat(8)