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INSTALLTXT(8)               System Manager's Manual              INSTALLTXT(8)

       installtxt, gencat - create a message archive

       /usr/etc/installtxt  [[-]d|c|r|t|x|i  [ ouvs ]] ] message-archive...  [
       source-message-file ]

       /usr/etc/gencat catfile msgfile...

       installtxt converts each source-message-file into a binary format  mes-
       sage  archive.   At  the  same time, if necessary, installtxt maintains
       groups of files (member files) combined into a single message  archive.
       installtxt  is normally used to create and update message archives used
       by the run-time message handling facility gettext(3).

       gencat performs the same  function  as  installtxt,  but  supports  the
       X/Open catalog source format.

       installtxt creates the message archive in message-archive.  If the mes-
       sage archive does not exist, it is created by the -c  option.   source-
       message-file  contains  source versions of the target strings.  On suc-
       cessful completion of an update operation of  installtxt,  the  message
       archive will have been updated with details of the formatted version of
       each source-message-file.  If message-archive does not contain the full
       pathname  of the run-time location of the message catalog, it will have
       to be moved to the appropriate  locale  directory  before  applications
       using the archive are activated.

       gencat  merges the message text source files ( msgfile...)  into a for-
       matted message catalog catfile.  catfile is  created  if  it  does  not
       already  exist. If catfile does exist, its messages are included in the
       new catfile.  If set and message numbers collide, the new  message-text
       defined  in  msgfile  will  replace the old message text currently con-
       tained in catfile.  The output formats of both message_archive and cat-
       file are the same. However it should be noted that on a per-application
       basis, it is not intended that the output forms of these two  utilities
       should be mixed, and the consequence of doing so is undefined.

       The  following  options  and  modifiers  apply to installtxt only.  For
       installtxt you must indicate only one of: c, d, r, t, or, x, which  may
       be followed by one or more Modifiers, o, u, or , v.

       The options are:

       c      Create. The member file called source-message-file is being made
              for the first time in the message archive.  It should not  exist

       d      Delete  the  named member files from message archive.  Note that
              individual messages can be deleted by entering  an  empty  value
              after  the message-id selecting the message to be deleted.  With
              the v option these deletions are notified on the  standard  out-

       r      Replace  the  named  member  files in the message archive.  This
              allows the existing message archive to be merged with  new  ver-
              sions  of messages.  No new message will be added to the message
              archive unless each message-tag in  the  source-message-file  is
              unique in the active domain.  If the member file contains a mes-
              sage-tag that is not unique within the active domain, installtxt
              will  fail  and  the contents of the active message archive will
              not be altered.

       t      Table of contents.  Produces a list on the  standard  output  of
              all member files in message_archive.

       x      Extract.  If no names are given, all member files in the message
              archive are extracted into the current directory; if  names  are
              given,  only  those  files are extracted. In neither case does x
              alter the message archive.  The extracted member files  will  be
              returned  in  their  original source format.  It is possible for
              the -x option to lose comments that were contained in the origi-
              nal  source  message  file.   In addition, overlong lines may be
              escaped (using \n) at a point that is different from the  origi-
              nal  source,  although the end result will logically be the same

       o      Old date.  When member files are extracted with  the  x  option,
              set the "last modified" date to the date recorded in the message

       u      Update.  Replace only those member files that have changed since
              they were put in the message archive.  Used with the r option.

       v      Verbose.  When  used with the c, r, or d option, give a file-by-
              file description of the creation of a new message  archive  file
              from  the  old  version  and the constituent member files.  When
              used with x, give a file-by-file description of  the  extraction
              of message archive member files.  When used with t, print infor-
              mation about the size and creation date of the message  archive,
              as  well  as a count of the number of target strings in the mes-

       source-message-file consists of one or more lines of  text,  with  each
       line containing either a comment, a directive or a text line.  The for-
       mat of a comment line is:

                          "$ %s", comment

       A line beginning with a dollar sign ($), followed by a blank  character
       streated as a comment line.  The format of directives is:

                          "$%s %s", control-type, value

       Directives  should  be directly preceded by a dollar sign ($), and fol-
       lowed by an optional value.  There is one blank character  between  the
       directive and its value.  The following directives are recognized:

        $separator c
               This  directive  specifies an optional separator character that
               will subsequently be used in the following text lines to  sepa-
               rate  the  message  identifier from the target string. There is
               one blank character between separator and the separator charac-
               ter  itself.  If this line is absent then the default separator
               is the blank character. Only the first occurrence of this char-
               acter on one text line will be interpreted, for example:

                   $separator :
                   12345:Bonjour: Mon ami

              would  declare  the  message  identifier to be 12345, the target
              string would contain the second ":".

        $domain domain
               This directive states that all  following  target  strings  are
               contained  within  a  domain  of  the  object  message  file as
               described by domain.   domain  can  be  any  string  of  up  to
               {PATH_MAX} bytes in length.

       $quote c
               This  directive  specifies an optional quote character c, which
               can be used to surround both message_string and message_identi-
               fier  .   By  default,  or if an empty $quote directive is sup-
               plied, no quoting of message_string will be recognized. If  the
               $quote directive is given then all message strings must contain
               pairs of quotes, although quotes around the  message_identifier
               are still optional after the directive.

       The format of the text line is:

              "%s%s%s", message_identifier, separator_character, message_string

       Each line defines a message identifier and a target string pair.

       Empty lines in a source text file are ignored.  If a message_identifier
       starts with a dollar ($) character, then that dollar character must  be
       escaped  with a backslash (\$).  Any other form of input line syntax is
       illegal and will cause installtxt to exit with the error value.

       Message strings and message identifiers can contain the special charac-
       ters and escape sequences as defined in the following table:

              ; lB lB .  Description    Symbol

              newline   \n  tab  \t  vertical-tab   \v  backspace \b carriage-
              return     \r form-feed \f backslash \\ bit pattern    \ddd

       The escape sequence \ddd consists of backslash followed by 1,  2  or  3
       octal  digits, which are used to specify the value of the desired char-
       acter.  If message_identifier contains the separator character then  it
       must  be escaped with a backslash (\) character.  If the character fol-
       lowing a backslash is not one of those specified, the effect is unspec-

       Backslash,  \,  followed  by a NEWLINE character is used to continue an
       individual string on the following line.  Both  message_identifier  and
       message_string may be continued over lines in this way.  message_string
       is stored in object_file in an implementation specific  way.   If  mes-
       sage_string is empty, and separator is present, a null string is stored
       in object_file.

       msgfile must be in the X/Open gencat format.

       # /bin/sh script
       # The following creates a message archive in the file messages.general
       installtxt -cv messages.general input

                           standard private location for message archive/cata-
                           log in locale locale and domain domain
                           standard  shared location for message archive/cata-
                           log in locale locale and domain domain

       catgets(3), gettext(3), setlocale(3V), locale(5)

       X/Open Portability Guide Issue 2

                                2 February 1990                  INSTALLTXT(8)