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DCHECK(8)                   System Manager's Manual                  DCHECK(8)



NAME
       dcheck - file system directory consistency check

SYNOPSIS
       /usr/etc/dcheck [ -i numbers ] [ filesystem ]

DESCRIPTION
       Note:  dcheck  has  been  superseded for normal consistency checking by
       fsck(8).

       dcheck reads the directories in a file system and  compares  the  link-
       count in each inode with the number of directory entries by which it is
       referenced.  If the file system is not specified, dcheck checks  a  set
       of default file systems.

       dcheck is fastest if the raw version of the special file is used, since
       the i-list is read in large chunks.

OPTIONS
       -i numbers
              numbers is a list of i-numbers;  when  one  of  those  i-numbers
              turns  up in a directory, the number, the i-number of the direc-
              tory, and the name of the entry are reported.

FILES
       Default file systems vary with installation.

SEE ALSO
       fs(5), fsck(8), clri(8), icheck(8), ncheck(8)

DIAGNOSTICS
       When a file turns up for which the link-count and the number of  direc-
       tory  entries  disagree,  the  relevant  facts are reported.  Allocated
       files which have 0 link-count and no entries are also listed.  The only
       dangerous  situation  occurs when there are more entries than links; if
       entries are removed, so  the  link-count  drops  to  0,  the  remaining
       entries  point  to  thin  air.  They should be removed.  When there are
       more links than entries, or there is an  allocated  file  with  neither
       links  nor  entries, some disk space may be lost but the situation will
       not degenerate.

BUGS
       Since dcheck is inherently two-pass in nature,  extraneous  diagnostics
       may be produced if applied to active file systems.

       Inode numbers less than 2 are invalid.



                               9 September 1987                      DCHECK(8)