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CONFIG(8)                 BSD System Manager's Manual                CONFIG(8)

     config -- build kernel compilation directories

     config [-Ppv] [-b builddir] [-s srcdir] [config-file]
     config -x [kernel-file]

     In its first synopsis form, config creates a kernel build directory from
     the machine description file config-file, which describes the system to

     There are several different ways to run the config program.  The tradi-
     tional way is to run config from the conf subdirectory of the machine-
     specific directory of the system source (usually /sys/arch/MACHINE/conf,
     where MACHINE is one of vax, hp300, and so forth), and to specify as the
     config-file the name of a machine description file located in that direc-
     tory.  config will by default create files in the directory
     ../compile/SYSTEMNAME, where SYSTEMNAME is the last path component of
     config-file.  config will assume that the top-level kernel source direc-
     tory is located four directories above the build directory.

     Another way is to create the build directory yourself, place the machine
     description file in the build directory with the name CONFIG, and run
     config from within the build directory without specifying a config-file.
     config will then by default create files in the current directory.  If
     you run config this way, you must specify the location of the top-level
     kernel source directory using the -s option or by using the ``source''
     directive at the beginning of the machine description file.

     Finally, you can specify the build directory for config and run it from
     anywhere.  You can specify a build directory with the -b option or by
     using the ``build'' directive at the beginning of the machine description
     file.  You must specify the location of the top-level kernel source
     directory if you specify a build directory.

     If config-file is a binary kernel, config will try to extract the config-
     uration file embedded into it, which will be present if that kernel was
     built either with INCLUDE_CONFIG_FILE or INCLUDE_JUST_CONFIG options.
     This work mode requires you to manually specify a build directory with
     the -b option, which implies the need to provide a source tree too.

     If the -p option is supplied, .PROF is appended to the default compila-
     tion directory name, and config acts as if the lines ``makeoptions
     PROF="-pg"'' and ``options GPROF'' appeared in the machine description
     file.  This will build a system that includes profiling code; see
     kgmon(8) and gprof(1).  The -p flag is expected to be used for
     ``one-shot'' profiles of existing systems; for regular profiling, it is
     probably wiser to create a separate machine description file containing
     the makeoptions line.

     The -v option causes config to be somewhat more verbose by enabling cer-
     tain warning messages.

     The -P option causes config to pack locators, conserving some kernel mem-

     The old undocumented -g flag is no longer supported.  Instead, use
     ``makeoptions DEBUG="-g"'' and (typically) ``options KGDB''.

     The output of config consists of a number of files, principally ioconf.c,
     a description of I/O devices that may be attached to the system; and a
     Makefile, used by make(1) in building the kernel.

     After running config, it is wise to run ``make depend'' in the directory
     where the new makefile was created.  config prints a reminder of this
     when it completes.

     If config stops due to errors, the problems reported should be corrected
     and config should be run again.  config attempts to avoid changing the
     compilation directory if there are configuration errors, but this code is
     not well-tested, and some problems (such as running out of disk space)
     are unrecoverable.

     In its second synopsis form, config takes the binary kernel kernel-file
     as its single argument (aside from the mandatory -x flag), then extracts
     the embedded configuration file (if any) and writes it to standard out-
     put.  If kernel-file is not given, /netbsd is used.  Configuration data
     will be available if the given kernel was compiled with either

     The SYNOPSIS portion of each device in section 4.

     options(4), config(9)

     The config command appeared in 4.1BSD.  It was completely revised in
     4.4BSD.  The -x option appeared in NetBSD 2.0.

BSD                             April 26, 2003                             BSD