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adduser(8)							   adduser(8)


  adduser - Adds a new user interactively




				 Security Note

       If you have enhanced security installed on your system, you should use
       the dxaccounts command to add users. See	the Security manual and	the
       dxaccounts(8) reference page for	more information.

  The adduser command is an interactive	command	for adding new user accounts
  to your system.  The command prompts you for specific	information and
  informs you of its activity and error	conditions.

  The adduser command invokes /usr/sbin/useradd	to add the user	account
  information to /etc/passwd and the hashed password database (if present).

  Only the superuser can execute this command.

  The command performs the following tasks:

    +  Prompts you to enter a login name for the new user.  Enter the login
       name.  If this entry already exists in the passwd file, the command
       informs you of this and exits.  If the entry does not already exist,
       the command creates one for the new user.

    +  Prompts you to enter a UID for the new user.  A default UID, which is
       based on	previously existing UID's in the /etc/passwd file, is
       displayed and can be selected by	pressing the Return key.  Enter	a new
       UID or accept the default.  The command uses this UID in	the
       /etc/passwd file	entry for the new user.


	 While it is possible to have multiple entries with identical login
	 names and/or identical	user id's, it is usually a mistake to do so.
	 Routines that manipulate these	files will often return	only one of
	 the multiple entries, and that	one by random selection.

    +  Prompts you for the full	name of	the new	user.  Enter the user's	full
       name. This is sometimes called the gecos	entry and is displayed by the
       finger command.

    +  Prompts you to enter a login group for the new user and specifies the
       default group, users.  To accept	the default, press the Return key.
       To select a different group, enter the name of that group, 8
       characters or less. If the group	does not exist,	the command displays
       a message saying	that the group is unknown, lists the names of the
       groups that are available, and asks whether or not you want to add the
       new group to the	/etc/group file.

       If you choose the default, the command calls the	addgroup command to
       add the new group to the	/etc/group file.  The addgroup command
       queries for the group number of this new	group and displays a default
       value based on existing group numbers in	the /etc/group file.  Select
       the default value by pressing Return.  Enter a group number or select
       the default.  At	this point, the	addgroup command ends and the adduser
       command resumes.

       There is	a limitation on	the number of users that can be	added to a
       group.  The maximum line	length is LINE_MAX as defined in the
       <&lt;limits.h>&gt; file.	 It is recommended that	the users be divided into a
       number of manageable groups.

       See the System Administration manual for	more information on the
       /etc/group file.

    +  Prompts you for the name	of other groups	for the	user to	belong to.
       Again, the group	you specify must already exist.	 If you	specify	a
       group to	which the user already belongs,	the command informs you	of

    +  Prompts you to enter the	base directory for the new user	and specifies
       the default directory, /usr/users.  To accept the default, press	the
       Return key.  To select a	different home directory, enter	the path of
       that directory.	The path that you specify must exist within a mounted
       file system.

    +  Displays	a message that it is adding the	new user.  At this point, the
       command makes an	entry for the user in the passwd file, creates the
       home directory, creates the /var/spool/mail directory if	necessary,
       sets ownership and access permissions on	the new	user's home and	mail
       directories, and	copies startup files such as .cshrc, .login, and
       .profile	for the	new user to the	home directory.

    +  Asks if you want	to edit	the authentication file	entry for the user.
       If the environment variable EDITOR is set, adduser will use $EDITOR to
       edit the	user's authentication entries.

    +  The adduser command automatically runs the passwd command, which	asks
       you to enter and	verify a new password for the user. Note that you
       cannot use all lowercase	letters.  If you do, the command asks that
       you use unusual capitalization and suggests using control characters.

       If you mistype the password when	you are	asked to verify	it, no pass-
       word is set and the account is disabled.	 To enable the user account,
       enter the passwd	command	followed by the	user name.

  At this point, the command ends.


  Users	are advised to migrate to the /usr/sbin/useradd	utility	or the dxac-
  counts utility as this command may be	removed	in a future version of the
  operating system.


  The addgroup command limits a	group name to eight characters or less.	 If
  you specify a	new group name when prompted, your entry must meet this	res-


       Enter a login name for the new user (for	example, john):	chris
       Enter a UID for (chris) [5006]:
       Enter a full name for (chris): Chris Ryan
       Enter a login group for (chris) [users]:
       Enter another group that	(chris)	should be a member of.
       (<&lt;Return>&gt; for none):
       Enter a parent directory	for (chris) [/usr/users]:
       The shells are:
       /bin/sh	      /bin/csh	      /bin/ksh
       Enter a login shell for (chris) [/bin/sh]:
       Adding new user ...
       Do you wish to edit the auth file entry for this	user (y/[n])?
       You must	enter a	new password for (chris).
       Changing	password for chris.
       New password:
       Retype new password:


      Specifies	the command path

      Group file

      Password file

      Default files directory


  Commands:  addgroup(8), chfn(1), chsh(1), dxaccounts(8), groupadd(8),
  mkpasswd(8), passwd(1), removeuser(8), useradd(8), userdel(8), vipw(8)

  Files:  group(4), passwd(4)