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KOI8-R(7)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 KOI8-R(7)



NAME
       koi8-r  -  Russian  Net  Character  Set  encoded in octal, decimal, and
       hexadecimal

DESCRIPTION
       KOI8-R is the character set of choice for encoding  Russian  texts  for
       many  Unix-like  operation systems.  KOI8-R is a successor for KOI-8, a
       de-facto standard for Internet Mail, News, WWW  and  other  interactive
       services at least all over the ex-SU territory.

       KOI8-R  is  defined  by  RFC 1489 (Registration of a Cyrillic Character
       Set).

NOTES
       KOI8-R was designed for mixed Russian/English  texts  and  covers  only
       Russian  Cyrillic  characters,  so  if  you're  looking  for Ukrainian,
       Byelorussian, etc.  Cyrillic  characters,  try  ISO-IR-111,  or  KOI8-U
       (Ukrainian  Character  Set),  or  KOI8-C  (for  ancient  Russian texts)
       instead, which are identical to KOI8-R in the Russian Cyrillic  letters
       area.

       A  more  complete  set  of  Cyrillic  characters is also defined by the
       ISO-8859-5 character set.

   KOI8-R Characters
       The following table  displays  the  characters  in  KOI8-R,  which  are
       printable and unlisted in the ascii(7) manual page.

       l     l     l     c     lp-1.      Oct  Dec  Hex  Char Description    _
       200  128  80        FORMS  LIGHT  HORIZONTAL  201  129  81        FORMS
       LIGHT   VERTICAL   202  130  82        FORMS   LIGHT   DOWN  AND  RIGHT
       203  131  83        FORMS LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT 204  132  84        FORMS
       LIGHT   UP  AND  RIGHT  205  133  85        FORMS  LIGHT  UP  AND  LEFT
       206  134  86        FORMS      LIGHT      VERTICAL      AND       RIGHT
       207  135  87        FORMS       LIGHT       VERTICAL      AND      LEFT
       210  136  88        FORMS      LIGHT      DOWN      AND      HORIZONTAL
       211  137  89        FORMS       LIGHT       UP      AND      HORIZONTAL
       212  138  8A        FORMS     LIGHT     VERTICAL     AND     HORIZONTAL
       213  139  8B        UPPER  HALF  BLOCK  214  140  8C        LOWER  HALF
       BLOCK  215  141  8D        FULL  BLOCK  216  142  8E        LEFT   HALF
       BLOCK  217  143  8F        RIGHT  HALF  BLOCK 220  144  90        LIGHT
       SHADE 221  145  91        MEDIUM SHADE  222  146  92        DARK  SHADE
       223  147  93        TOP  HALF  INTEGRAL 224  148  94        BLACK SMALL
       SQUARE 225  149  95        BULLET  OPERATOR  226  150  96        SQUARE
       ROOT  227  151  97        ALMOST EQUAL TO 230  152  98        LESS THAN
       OR   EQUAL   TO   231  153  99        GREATER   THAN   OR   EQUAL    TO
       232  154  9A        NON-BREAKING  SPACE 233  155  9B        BOTTOM HALF
       INTEGRAL                234  156  9C        DEGREE                 SIGN
       235  157  9D        SUPERSCRIPT  DIGIT  TWO  236  158  9E        MIDDLE
       DOT 237  159  9F        DIVISION SIGN 240  160  A0        FORMS  DOUBLE
       HORIZONTAL        241  161  A1        FORMS       DOUBLE       VERTICAL
       242  162  A2        FORMS    DOWN    SINGLE    AND     RIGHT     DOUBLE
       243  163  A3        CYRILLIC  SMALL LETTER IO 244  164  A4        FORMS
       DOWN DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE 245  165  A5        FORMS DOUBLE DOWN  AND
       RIGHT   246  166  A6        FORMS   DOWN   SINGLE   AND   LEFT   DOUBLE
       247  167  A7        FORMS    DOWN    DOUBLE     AND     LEFT     SINGLE
       250  168  A8        FORMS        DOUBLE       DOWN       AND       LEFT
       251  169  A9        FORMS    UP     SINGLE     AND     RIGHT     DOUBLE
       252  170  AA        FORMS     UP     DOUBLE     AND     RIGHT    SINGLE
       253  171  AB        FORMS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT 254  172  AC        FORMS
       UP  SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE 255  173  AD        FORMS UP DOUBLE AND LEFT
       SINGLE     256  174  AE        FORMS     DOUBLE     UP     AND     LEFT
       257  175  AF        FORMS    VERTICAL    SINGLE    AND   RIGHT   DOUBLE
       260  176  B0        FORMS   VERTICAL   DOUBLE    AND    RIGHT    SINGLE
       261  177  B1        FORMS      DOUBLE      VERTICAL      AND      RIGHT
       262  178  B2        FORMS   VERTICAL    SINGLE    AND    LEFT    DOUBLE
       263  179  B3        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         IO
       264  180  B4        FORMS   VERTICAL    DOUBLE    AND    LEFT    SINGLE
       265  181  B5        FORMS       DOUBLE      VERTICAL      AND      LEFT
       266  182  B6        FORMS   DOWN   SINGLE   AND    HORIZONTAL    DOUBLE
       267  183  B7        FORMS    DOWN    DOUBLE   AND   HORIZONTAL   SINGLE
       270  184  B8        FORMS     DOUBLE      DOWN      AND      HORIZONTAL
       271  185  B9        FORMS    UP    SINGLE    AND    HORIZONTAL   DOUBLE
       272  186  BA        FORMS   UP    DOUBLE    AND    HORIZONTAL    SINGLE
       273  187  BB        FORMS       DOUBLE      UP      AND      HORIZONTAL
       274  188  BC        FORMS  VERTICAL  SINGLE   AND   HORIZONTAL   DOUBLE
       275  189  BD        FORMS   VERTICAL   DOUBLE   AND  HORIZONTAL  SINGLE
       276  190  BE        FORMS    DOUBLE     VERTICAL     AND     HORIZONTAL
       277  191  BF        COPYRIGHT  SIGN  300  192  C0        CYRILLIC SMALL
       LETTER    IU    301  193  C1        CYRILLIC     SMALL     LETTER     A
       302  194  C2        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          BE
       303  195  C3        CYRILLIC         SMALL          LETTER          TSE
       304  196  C4        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          DE
       305  197  C5        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          IE
       306  198  C6        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          EF
       307  199  C7        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          GE
       310  200  C8        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER         KHA
       311  201  C9        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          II
       312  202  CA        CYRILLIC       SMALL      LETTER      SHORT      II
       313  203  CB        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          KA
       314  204  CC        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          EL
       315  205  CD        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          EM
       316  206  CE        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          EN
       317  207  CF        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER           O
       320  208  D0        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          PE
       321  209  D1        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          IA
       322  210  D2        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          ER
       323  211  D3        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          ES
       324  212  D4        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          TE
       325  213  D5        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER           U
       326  214  D6        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER         ZHE
       327  215  D7        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          VE
       330  216  D8        CYRILLIC      SMALL      LETTER      SOFT      SIGN
       331  217  D9        CYRILLIC         SMALL         LETTER          YERI
       332  218  DA        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER          ZE
       333  219  DB        CYRILLIC         SMALL          LETTER          SHA
       334  220  DC        CYRILLIC      SMALL      LETTER      REVERSED     E
       335  221  DD        CYRILLIC         SMALL         LETTER         SHCHA
       336  222  DE        CYRILLIC          SMALL          LETTER         CHE
       337  223  DF        CYRILLIC      SMALL      LETTER      HARD      SIGN
       340  224  E0        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         IU
       341  225  E1        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL          LETTER          A
       342  226  E2        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         BE
       343  227  E3        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER         TSE
       344  228  E4        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         DE
       345  229  E5        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER          IE
       346  230  E6        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         EF
       347  231  E7        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER          GE
       350  232  E8        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER         KHA
       351  233  E9        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER          II
       352  234  EA        CYRILLIC      CAPITAL      LETTER      SHORT     II
       353  235  EB        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER          KA
       354  236  EC        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         EL
       355  237  ED        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER          EM
       356  238  EE        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         EN
       357  239  EF        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL          LETTER          O
       360  240  F0        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         PE
       361  241  F1        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER          IA
       362  242  F2        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         ER
       363  243  F3        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER          ES
       364  244  F4        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         TE
       365  245  F5        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL          LETTER          U
       366  246  F6        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER         ZHE
       367  247  F7        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER          VE
       370  248  F8        CYRILLIC      CAPITAL      LETTER     SOFT     SIGN
       371  249  F9        CYRILLIC        CAPITAL         LETTER         YERI
       372  250  FA        CYRILLIC          CAPITAL         LETTER         ZE
       373  251  FB        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER         SHA
       374  252  FC        CYRILLIC      CAPITAL     LETTER     REVERSED     E
       375  253  FD        CYRILLIC        CAPITAL        LETTER         SHCHA
       376  254  FE        CYRILLIC         CAPITAL         LETTER         CHE
       377  255  FF        CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN


SEE ALSO
       ascii(7), iso-8859-7(7) (not yet written), RFC 1489, http://koi8.pp.ru/

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.05 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



Linux                             2001-05-28                         KOI8-R(7)