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GROFF_WWW(7)           Miscellaneous Information Manual           GROFF_WWW(7)



NAME
       groff_www - groff macros for authoring web pages

SYNOPSIS
       groff -mwww [ options ] file ...

DESCRIPTION
       This manual page describes the GNU -mwww macro package, which is part
       of the groff document formatting system.  The manual page is very a
       basic guide, and the html device driver (grohtml) has been completely
       rewritten but still remains as in an alpha state.  It has been included
       into the distribution so that a lot of people have a chance to test it.
       Note that this macro file will be automatically called (via the troffrc
       file) if you use -Thtml.

       To see the hyperlinks in action, please format this man page with the
       grohtml device.

       Here is a summary of the functions found in this macro set.
       .JOBNAME  split output into multiple files
       .HX  automatic heading level cut off;
            $1 point for sections/headers
       .BCL specify colours on a web page
       .BGIMG    specify background image
       .URL create a url using two parameters
       .FTP create an ftp reference
       .MTO create a html email address
       .FTP create an ftp reference
       .TAG generate an html name
       .IMG include an image file
       .PIMG     include png image
       .MPIMG    place png on the margin and
            wrap text around it
       .HnS begin heading
       .HnE end heading
       .LK  emit automatically collected links.
       .HR  produce a horizontal rule
       .NHR suppress automatic generation of rules.
       .HTL only generate HTML title
       .HEAD     add data to <head> block
       .ULS unorder list begin
       .ULE unorder list end
       .OLS ordered list begin
       .OLE ordered list end
       .DLS definition list begin
       .DLE definition list end
       .LI  insert a list item
       .DC  generate a drop capital
       .HTML     pass an html raw request to the
            device driver
       .CDS code example begin
       .CDE code example end

       Output of the pic, eqn, refer, and tbl preprocessors is acceptable as
       input.

REQUESTS
       .JOBNAME filename
              Split output into multiple HTML files.  A file is split whenever
              a .SH or .NH 1 is encountered.  Its argument is the file stem
              name for future output files.  This option is equivalent to
              grohtml's -j option.

       .HX n  Specify the cut off depth when generating links from section
              headings.  For example, a parameter of 2 would cause grohtml to
              generate a list of links for .NH 1 and .NH 2 but not for .NH 3.
              Whereas

                     .HX 0

              will tell grohtml that no heading links should be created at
              all.  Another method for turning automatic headings off is by
              issuing the the command line switch -P-l to groff.

       .BCL foreground background active not-visited visited
              This macro takes five parameters: foreground, background, active
              hypertext link, hypertext link not yet visited, and visited
              hypertext link colour.

       .BGIMG imagefile
              the only parameter to this macro is the background image file.

       .URL url [description] [after]
              generates a URL using either one, two or three arguments.  The
              first parameter is the actual URL, the second is the name of the
              link, and the third is optional stuff to be printed immediately
              afterwards.  If description and after are absent then the url
              becomes the anchor text.  Hyphenation is disabled while printing
              the actual URL; explicit breakpoints should be inserted with the
              \: escape.  Here is how to encode

                     .URL http://\:foo.\:org/ foo :

              If this is processed by a device other than -Thtml it appears
              as:

                     foo <http://foo.org>;:

              The URL macro can be of any type; for example we can reference
              by:

                     .URL pic.html "Eric Raymond's pic guide"

       .MTO address [description] [after]
              Generate an email html reference.  The first argument is
              mandatory as the email address.  The optional second argument is
              the text you see in your browser If an empty argument is given,
              address is used instead.  An optional third argument is stuff
              printed immediately afterwards.  Hyphenation is disabled while
              printing the actual email address.  For example, was achieved by
              the following macro:

                     .MTO joe@user.org "Joe User"

              Note that all the URLs actually are treated as consuming no
              textual space in groff.  This could be considered as a bug since
              it causes some problems.  To circumvent this, www.tmac inserts a
              zero-width character which expands to a harmless space (only if
              run with -Thtml).

       .FTP url [description] [after]
              indicates that data can be obtained via ftp.  The first argument
              is the url and the second is the browser text.  A third
              argument, similar to the macros above, is intended for stuff
              printed immediately afterwards.  The second and the third
              parameter are optional.  Hyphenation is disabled while printing
              the actual URL.  As an example, here the location of the The
              macro example above was specified by:

                     .FTP ftp://\:ftp.gnu.org/ "GNU ftp server" .

       .TAG name
              Generates an html name tag from its argument.  This can then be
              referenced using the macro.  As you can see, you must precede
              the tag name with # since it is a local reference.  This link
              was achieved via placing a TAG in the URL description above; the
              source looks like this:

                     .TP
                     .B URL
                     generates
                     .TAG URL
                     a URL using either two or three arguments.
                     ...

       .IMG [-R|-L|-C] filename [width] [height]
              Include a picture into the document.  The first argument is the
              horizontal location: right, left, or center (-R, -L, or -C).
              Alignment is centered by default (-C).  The second argument is
              the filename.  The optional third and fourth arguments are the
              width and height.  If the width is absent it defaults to 1 inch.
              If the height is absent it defaults to the width.  This maps
              onto an html img tag.  If you are including a png image then it
              is advisable to use the PIMG macro.

       .PIMG [-R|-L|-C] filename [width [height]]
              Include an image in PNG format.  This macro takes exactly the
              same parameters as the IMG macro; it has the advantage of
              working with postscript and html devices also since it can
              automatically convert the image into the EPS format, using the
              following programs of the netpbm package: pngtopnm, pnmcrop, and
              pnmtops. If the document isn't processed with -Thtml it is
              necessary to use the -U option of groff.

       .MPIMG [-R|-L] [-G gap] filename [width [height]]
              Place a PNG image on the margin and wrap text around it.  The
              first parameters are optional.  The alignment: left or right (-L
              or -R) specifies the margin where the picture is placed at.  The
              default alignment is left (-L). Optionally, -G gap can be used
              to arrange a gap between the picture and the text that wraps
              around it.  The default gap width is zero.
              The first non-optional argument is the filename.  The optional
              following arguments are the width and height.  If the width is
              absent it defaults to 1 inch.  If the height is absent it
              defaults to the width.  Example:

                     .MPIMG -L -G 2c foo.png 3c 1.5c

              The height and width may also be given as percentages. The
              PostScript device calculates the width from the .l register and
              the height from the .p register. For example:

                     .MPIMG -L -G 2c foo.png 15%

       .HnS n Begin heading.  The numeric heading level n is specified by the
              first parameter.  Use this macro if your headings contain URL,
              FTP or MTO macros.  Example:

                     .HnS 1
                     .HR
                     GNU Troff
                     .URL http://groff.ffii.org (Groff)
                     -- a
                     .URL http://www.gnu.org/ GNU
                     project.
                     Hosted by
                     .URL http://ffii.org/ FFII .
                     .HR
                     .HnE

              In this case you might wish to disable automatic links to
              headings.  This can be done via -P-l from the command line.


       .HnE   End heading.

       .LK    Force grohtml to place the automatically generated links at this
              position.  If this manual page has been processed with -Thtml
              those links can be seen right here.

       .HR    Generate a full-width horizontal rule for -Thtml. No effect for
              all other devices.

       .NHR   Suppress generation of the top and bottom rules which grohtml
              emits by default.

       .HTL   Generate an HTML title only.  This differs from the TL macro of
              the ms macro package which generates both an HTML title and an
              <H1> heading.  Use it to provide an HTML title as search engine
              fodder but a graphic title in the document.  The macro
              terminates when a space or break is seen (.sp, .br).

       .HEAD  Add arbitrary HTML data to the <head> block.  Ignored if not
              processed with -Thtml. Example:

                     .HEAD "<&lt;link \
                       rel=""icon"" \
                       type=""image/png"" \
                       href=""http://foo.org//bar.png""/>&gt;"

       .HTML  All text after this macro is treated as raw html.  If the
              document is processed without -Thtml then the macro is ignored.
              Internally, this macro is used as a building block for other
              higher-level macros.

              For example, the BGIMG macro is defined as

                     .de BGIMG
                     .   HTML <&lt;body background=\$1>&gt;
                     ..

       .DC l text [color]
              Produce a drop capital.  The first parameter is the letter to be
              dropped and enlarged, the second parameter text is the ajoining
              text whose height the first letter should not exceed.  The
              optional third parameter is the color of the dropped letter.  It
              defaults to black.

       .CDS   Start displaying a code section in constant width font.

       .CDE   End code display

SECTION HEADING LINKS
       By default grohtml generates links to all section headings and places
       these at the top of the html document. (See for details of how to
       switch this off or alter the position).

LIMITATIONS OF GROHTML
       tbl information is currently rendered as a PNG image.

FILES
       /usr/share/tmac/www.tmac

SEE ALSO
       groff(1), troff(1) grohtml(1), netpbm(1)

AUTHOR
       grohtml was written by

BUGS
       Report bugs to the Include a complete, self-contained example that will
       allow the bug to be reproduced, and say which version of groff you are
       using.



Groff Version 1.19.2           February 6, 2006                   GROFF_WWW(7)