GROFF_WWW(7) Miscellaneous Information Manual GROFF_WWW(7)
groff_www - groff macros for authoring web pages
groff -mwww [ options ] file ...
This manual page describes the GNU -mwww macro package, which is part
of the groff document formatting system. The manual page is very a
basic guide, and the html device driver (grohtml) has been completely
rewritten but still remains as in an alpha state. It has been included
into the distribution so that a lot of people have a chance to test it.
Note that this macro file will be automatically called (via the troffrc
file) if you use -Thtml.
To see the hyperlinks in action, please format this man page with the
Here is a summary of the functions found in this macro set.
.JOBNAME split output into multiple files
.HX automatic heading level cut off;
$1 point for sections/headers
.BCL specify colours on a web page
.BGIMG specify background image
.URL create a url using two parameters
.FTP create an ftp reference
.MTO create a html email address
.FTP create an ftp reference
.TAG generate an html name
.IMG include an image file
.PIMG include png image
.MPIMG place png on the margin and
wrap text around it
.HnS begin heading
.HnE end heading
.LK emit automatically collected links.
.HR produce a horizontal rule
.NHR suppress automatic generation of rules.
.HTL only generate HTML title
.HEAD add data to <head> block
.ULS unorder list begin
.ULE unorder list end
.OLS ordered list begin
.OLE ordered list end
.DLS definition list begin
.DLE definition list end
.LI insert a list item
.DC generate a drop capital
.HTML pass an html raw request to the
.CDS code example begin
.CDE code example end
Output of the pic, eqn, refer, and tbl preprocessors is acceptable as
Split output into multiple HTML files. A file is split whenever
a .SH or .NH 1 is encountered. Its argument is the file stem
name for future output files. This option is equivalent to
grohtml's -j option.
.HX n Specify the cut off depth when generating links from section
headings. For example, a parameter of 2 would cause grohtml to
generate a list of links for .NH 1 and .NH 2 but not for .NH 3.
will tell grohtml that no heading links should be created at
all. Another method for turning automatic headings off is by
issuing the the command line switch -P-l to groff.
.BCL foreground background active not-visited visited
This macro takes five parameters: foreground, background, active
hypertext link, hypertext link not yet visited, and visited
hypertext link colour.
the only parameter to this macro is the background image file.
.URL url [description] [after]
generates a URL using either one, two or three arguments. The
first parameter is the actual URL, the second is the name of the
link, and the third is optional stuff to be printed immediately
afterwards. If description and after are absent then the url
becomes the anchor text. Hyphenation is disabled while printing
the actual URL; explicit breakpoints should be inserted with the
\: escape. Here is how to encode
.URL http://\:foo.\:org/ foo :
If this is processed by a device other than -Thtml it appears
The URL macro can be of any type; for example we can reference
.URL pic.html "Eric Raymond's pic guide"
.MTO address [description] [after]
Generate an email html reference. The first argument is
mandatory as the email address. The optional second argument is
the text you see in your browser If an empty argument is given,
address is used instead. An optional third argument is stuff
printed immediately afterwards. Hyphenation is disabled while
printing the actual email address. For example, was achieved by
the following macro:
.MTO firstname.lastname@example.org "Joe User"
Note that all the URLs actually are treated as consuming no
textual space in groff. This could be considered as a bug since
it causes some problems. To circumvent this, www.tmac inserts a
zero-width character which expands to a harmless space (only if
run with -Thtml).
.FTP url [description] [after]
indicates that data can be obtained via ftp. The first argument
is the url and the second is the browser text. A third
argument, similar to the macros above, is intended for stuff
printed immediately afterwards. The second and the third
parameter are optional. Hyphenation is disabled while printing
the actual URL. As an example, here the location of the The
macro example above was specified by:
.FTP ftp://\:ftp.gnu.org/ "GNU ftp server" .
Generates an html name tag from its argument. This can then be
referenced using the macro. As you can see, you must precede
the tag name with # since it is a local reference. This link
was achieved via placing a TAG in the URL description above; the
source looks like this:
a URL using either two or three arguments.
.IMG [-R|-L|-C] filename [width] [height]
Include a picture into the document. The first argument is the
horizontal location: right, left, or center (-R, -L, or -C).
Alignment is centered by default (-C). The second argument is
the filename. The optional third and fourth arguments are the
width and height. If the width is absent it defaults to 1 inch.
If the height is absent it defaults to the width. This maps
onto an html img tag. If you are including a png image then it
is advisable to use the PIMG macro.
.PIMG [-R|-L|-C] filename [width [height]]
Include an image in PNG format. This macro takes exactly the
same parameters as the IMG macro; it has the advantage of
working with postscript and html devices also since it can
automatically convert the image into the EPS format, using the
following programs of the netpbm package: pngtopnm, pnmcrop, and
pnmtops. If the document isn't processed with -Thtml it is
necessary to use the -U option of groff.
.MPIMG [-R|-L] [-G gap] filename [width [height]]
Place a PNG image on the margin and wrap text around it. The
first parameters are optional. The alignment: left or right (-L
or -R) specifies the margin where the picture is placed at. The
default alignment is left (-L). Optionally, -G gap can be used
to arrange a gap between the picture and the text that wraps
around it. The default gap width is zero.
The first non-optional argument is the filename. The optional
following arguments are the width and height. If the width is
absent it defaults to 1 inch. If the height is absent it
defaults to the width. Example:
.MPIMG -L -G 2c foo.png 3c 1.5c
The height and width may also be given as percentages. The
PostScript device calculates the width from the .l register and
the height from the .p register. For example:
.MPIMG -L -G 2c foo.png 15%
.HnS n Begin heading. The numeric heading level n is specified by the
first parameter. Use this macro if your headings contain URL,
FTP or MTO macros. Example:
.URL http://groff.ffii.org (Groff)
.URL http://www.gnu.org/ GNU
.URL http://ffii.org/ FFII .
In this case you might wish to disable automatic links to
headings. This can be done via -P-l from the command line.
.HnE End heading.
.LK Force grohtml to place the automatically generated links at this
position. If this manual page has been processed with -Thtml
those links can be seen right here.
.HR Generate a full-width horizontal rule for -Thtml. No effect for
all other devices.
.NHR Suppress generation of the top and bottom rules which grohtml
emits by default.
.HTL Generate an HTML title only. This differs from the TL macro of
the ms macro package which generates both an HTML title and an
<H1> heading. Use it to provide an HTML title as search engine
fodder but a graphic title in the document. The macro
terminates when a space or break is seen (.sp, .br).
.HEAD Add arbitrary HTML data to the <head> block. Ignored if not
processed with -Thtml. Example:
.HEAD "<<link \
.HTML All text after this macro is treated as raw html. If the
document is processed without -Thtml then the macro is ignored.
Internally, this macro is used as a building block for other
For example, the BGIMG macro is defined as
. HTML <<body background=\$1>>
.DC l text [color]
Produce a drop capital. The first parameter is the letter to be
dropped and enlarged, the second parameter text is the ajoining
text whose height the first letter should not exceed. The
optional third parameter is the color of the dropped letter. It
defaults to black.
.CDS Start displaying a code section in constant width font.
.CDE End code display
SECTION HEADING LINKS
By default grohtml generates links to all section headings and places
these at the top of the html document. (See for details of how to
switch this off or alter the position).
LIMITATIONS OF GROHTML
tbl information is currently rendered as a PNG image.
groff(1), troff(1) grohtml(1), netpbm(1)
grohtml was written by
Report bugs to the Include a complete, self-contained example that will
allow the bug to be reproduced, and say which version of groff you are
Groff Version 1.19.2 February 6, 2006 GROFF_WWW(7)