GROFF_WWW(7) Miscellaneous Information Manual GROFF_WWW(7)
groff_www - groff macros for authoring web pages
groff -mwww [ options ] file ...
This manual page describes the GNU -mwww macro package, which is part
of the groff document formatting system. The manual page is very a
basic guide, and the html device driver (grohtml) has been completely
rewritten but still remains as in an alpha state. It has been included
into the distribution so that a lot of people have a chance to test it.
Note that this macro file will be automatically called (via the troffrc
file) if you use -Thtml.
To see the hyperlinks in action, please format this man page with the
Here is a summary of the functions found in this macro set.
.HX automatic heading level cut off;
$1 point for sections/headers
.BCL specify colours on a web page
.BGIMG specify background image
.URL create a url using two parameters
.FTP create an ftp reference
.MTO create a html email address
.FTP create an ftp reference
.TAG generate an html name
.IMG include an image file
.PIMG include png image
.MPIMG place png on the margin and
wrap text around it
.HnS begin heading
.HnE end heading
.LK emit automatically collected links.
.HR produce a horizontal rule
.NHR suppress automatic generation of rules.
.HTL only generate HTML title
.ULS unorder list begin
.ULE unorder list end
.LI insert a list item
.DC generate a drop capital
.HTML pass an html raw request to the
Output of the pic, eqn, refer, and tbl preprocessors is acceptable as
HX Specify the cut off depth when generating links from section
headings. For example, a parameter of 2 would cause grohtml to
generate a list of links for .NH 1 and .NH 2 but not for .NH 3.
will tell grohtml that no heading links should be created at
all. Another method for turning automatic headings off is by
issuing the the command line switch -P-l to groff.
BCL This macro takes five parameters: foreground, background, active
hypertext link, hypertext link not yet visited, and visited
hypertext link colour.
BGIMG the only parameter to this macro is the background image file.
URL generates a URL using either two or three arguments. The first
parameter is the actual URL, the second is the name of the link,
and the third is optional stuff to be printed immediately after-
wards. Hyphenation is disabled while printing the actual URL;
explicit breakpoints should be inserted with the \: escape.
Here is how to encode foo <http://foo.org/>:
.URL http://\:foo.\:org/ foo :
If this is processed by a device other than -Thtml it appears
The URL macro can be of any type; for example we can reference
Eric Raymond's pic guide <pic.html> by:
.URL pic.html "Eric Raymond's pic guide"
MTO Generate an email html reference. The first argument is manda-
tory as the email address. The optional second argument is the
text you see in your browser, and an optional third argument is
stuff printed immediately afterwards. Hyphenation is disabled
while printing the actual email address. For example, Joe User
<joeATuser.org> was achieved by the following macro:
.MTO firstname.lastname@example.org "Joe User"
Note that all the URLs actually are treated as consuming no tex-
tual space in groff. This could be considered as a bug since it
causes some problems. To circumvent this, www.tmac inserts a
zero-width character which expands to a harmless space (only if
run with -Thtml).
FTP indicates that data can be obtained via ftp. The first argument
is the url and the second is the browser text. A third argu-
ment, similar to the macros above, is intended for stuff printed
immediately afterwards. The second and the third parameter are
optional. Hyphenation is disabled while printing the actual
URL. As an example, here the location of the GNU ftp server
<ftp://ftp.gnu.org/>. The macro example above was specified by:
.FTP ftp://\:ftp.gnu.org/ "GNU ftp server" .
TAG Generates an html name tag from its argument. This can then be
referenced using the URL <2> macro. As you can see, you must
precede the tag name with # since it is a local reference. This
link was achieved via placing a TAG in the URL description
above; the source looks like this:
a URL using either two or three arguments.
IMG Include a picture into the document. The first argument is the
horizontal location: right, left, or center (-R, -L, or -C).
The second argument is the filename. The optional third and
fourth arguments are the width and height. If the width is
absent it defaults to 1 inch. If the height is absent it
defaults to the width. This maps onto an html img tag. If you
are including a png image then it is advisable to use the PIMG
PIMG Include an image in PNG format. This macro takes exactly the
same parameters as the IMG macro; it has the advantage of work-
ing with postscript and html devices also since it can automati-
cally convert the image into the EPS format, using the following
programs of the netpbm package: pngtopnm, pnmcrop, and pnmtops.
If the document isn't processed with -Thtml it is necessary to
use the -U option of groff.
MPIMG Place a PNG image on the margin and wrap text around it. The
first parameter is the alignment: left or right (-L or -R). The
second argument is the filename. The optional third and fourth
arguments are the width and height. If the width is absent it
defaults to 1 inch. If the height is absent it defaults to the
HnS Begin heading. The heading level is specified by the first
parameter. Use this macro of your headings contain URLs. Exam-
.URL http://groff.ffii.org (Groff)
.URL http://www.gnu.org/ GNU
.URL http://ffii.org/ FFII .
HnE End heading.
LK Force grohtml to place the automatically generated links at this
position. If this manual page has been processed with -Thtml
those links can be seen right here.
SECTION HEADING LINKS
By default grohtml generates links to all section headings and places
these at the top of the html document. (See LINKS <2> for details of
how to switch this off or alter the position).
HR Generate a full-width horizontal rule.
NHR Suppress generation of the top and bottom rules which grohtml
emits by default.
HTL Generate an HTML title only. This differs from the TL macro of
the ms macro package which generates both an HTML title and an
H1 heading. Use it to provide an HTML title as search engine
fodder but a graphic title in the document.
HTML All text after this macro is treated as raw html. If the docu-
ment is processed without -Thtml then the macro is ignored.
Internally, this macro is used as a building block for other
For example, the BGIMG macro is defined as
. HTML <<body background=\$1>>
DC Produce a drop capital. The first parameter is the letter to be
dropped and enlarged, the second parameter is the ajoining text
whose height the first letter should not exceed. The optional
third parameter is the color of the dropped letter.
LIMITATIONS OF GROHTML
tbl information is currently rendered as a PNG image.
groff(1), troff(1) grohtml(1), netpbm(1)
grohtml was written by Gaius Mulley <gaiusATglam.uk>
Report bugs to the Groff Bug Mailing List <bug-groffATgnu.org>. Include
a complete, self-contained example that will allow the bug to be repro-
duced, and say which version of groff you are using.
Groff Version 1.19 11 October 2002 GROFF_WWW(7)