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 arp(7P)							     arp(7P)




 NAME
      arp - Address Resolution Protocol

 DESCRIPTION
      ARP is a protocol used to dynamically map between DARPA Internet and
      hardware station addresses.  It is used by all LAN drivers.

      ARP caches Internet-to-hardware station address mappings.	 When an
      interface requests a mapping for an address not in the cache, ARP
      queues the message that requires the mapping, and broadcasts a message
      on the associated network requesting the address mapping if the ether
      encapsulation method has been enabled for the interface.	If a
      response is provided, the new mapping is cached and any pending
      message is transmitted.  ARP queues at most one packet while waiting
      for a mapping request to be responded to; only the most recently
      ``transmitted'' packet is kept.

      To facilitate communications with systems that do not use ARP, ioctl
      calls are provided to enter and delete entries in the Internet-to-
      hardware station address tables.

    Application Usage:
	   #include <&lt&lt&lt;sys/ioctl.h>&gt&gt&gt;
	   #include <&lt&lt&lt;sys/socket.h>&gt&gt&gt;
	   #include <&lt&lt&lt;net/if.h>&gt&gt&gt;
	   #include <&lt&lt&lt;netinet/if_ether.h>&gt&gt&gt;
	   struct arpreq arpreq;

	   ioctl(s, SIOCSARP, (caddr_t)&&amp&amp&amp;arpreq);
	   ioctl(s, SIOCGARP, (caddr_t)&&amp&amp&amp;arpreq);
	   ioctl(s, SIOCDARP, (caddr_t)&&amp&amp&amp;arpreq);

      Each ioctl call takes the same structure as an argument.	SIOCSARP
      sets an ARP entry, SIOCGARP gets an ARP entry, and SIOCDARP deletes an
      ARP entry.  These ioctl calls can be applied to any socket descriptor
      s, but only by the super-user.  The arpreq structure contains:

	   /*
	    * ARP ioctl request
	    */
	   struct arpreq {
		  int32_t ifindex;
		  int32_t arp_flags;	    /* flags  */
		  int32_t arp_hw_addr_len;  /* hardware address length */
		  struct  sockaddr arp_pa;  /* protocol address */
		  struct  sockaddr arp_ha;  /* hardware address */
		  u_char  arp_pad[242];	    /* buffer for link specific info. */
	   };
	   /*  arp_flags field values */
	   #define ATF_COM	   0x02	     /* ARP on ether */
	   #define ATF_PERM	   0x04	     /* permanent entry */



 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000






 arp(7P)							     arp(7P)




	   #define ATF_PUBL	   0x08	     /* publish entry */
	   #define ATF_SNAPFDDI	   0x200     /* SNAP - FDDI */
	   #define ATF_SNAP8025	   0x400     /* SNAP - 8025 */
	   #define ATF_IEEE8025	   0x800     /* IEEE - 8025 */
	   #define ATF_FCSNAP	   0x4000    /* Fibre Channel SNAP */

      The address family for the arp_pa sockaddr must be AF_INET; for the
      arp_ha sockaddr it must be AF_UNSPEC.  The only flag bits that can be
      written are ATF_PERM, and ATF_PUBL.  Fibre Channel hosts only support
      the ATF_PERM flag.  ATF_PERM causes the entry to be permanent.
      ATF_PUBL specifies that the ARP code should respond to ARP requests
      for the indicated host coming from other machines.  This allows a host
      to act as an ARP server, which may be useful in convincing an ARP-only
      machine to talk to a non-ARP machine.

      ARP watches passively for hosts impersonating the local host (i.e., a
      host that responds to an ARP mapping request for the local host's
      address).

 DIAGNOSTICS
      duplicate IP address!! sent from ethernet address: %x:%x:%x:%x:%x:%x.
	   This message printed on the console screen means that ARP has
	   discovered another host on the local network that responds to
	   mapping requests for its own Internet address.

 WARNINGS
      To enable the ether encapsulation method, use the ifconfig command
      (see ifconfig(1M)).

 AUTHOR
      ARP was developed by the University of California, Berkeley.

 SEE ALSO
      ifconfig(1M), inet(3N), lan(7), arp(1M).

      An Ethernet Address Resolution Protocol, RFC826, Dave Plummer, Network
      Information Center, SRI.

















 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000