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STAT(5)                       File Formats Manual                      STAT(5)

       stat, wstat - inquire or change file attributes

       Tstat   tag[2] fid[2]
       Rstat   tag[2] fid[2] stat[116]

       Twstat  tag[2] fid[2] stat[116]
       Rwstat  tag[2] fid[2]

       The  stat  transaction  inquires about the file identified by fid.  The
       reply will contain a 116-byte (DIRLEN in <&lt;libc.h>&gt;)  machine-independent
       directory entry laid out as follows:

       name[28]       file  name;  must be / if the file is the root directory
                      of the server
       uid[28]        owner name
       gid[28]        group name
       qid.path[4]    the file server's identification for the file
       qid.vers[4]    version number for given path
       mode[4]        permissions and flags
       atime[4]       last access time
       mtime[4]       last modification time
       length[8]      length of file in bytes
       type[2]        for kernel use
       dev[2]         for kernel use

       Integers in this encoding are in little-endian order (least significant
       byte  first).   The convM2D and convD2M routines (see fcall(2)) convert
       between directory entries and C structs.

       This encoding may be turned into a machine dependent Dir structure (see
       stat(2)) using routines defined in fcall(2).

       The mode contains permission bits as described in intro(5) and the fol-
       lowing: 0x80000000 (this  file  is  a  directory),  0x40000000  (append
       only),  0x20000000 (exclusive use).  Writes to append-only files always
       place their data at the end of the file; the  offset  in  the  read  or
       write  message  is ignored, as is the OTRUNC bit in an open.  Exclusive
       use files may be open for I/O by only one fid  at  a  time  across  all
       clients  of  the  server.   If  a second open is attempted, it draws an
       error.  Servers may implement a timeout on the lock on an exclusive use
       file:  if the fid holding the file open has been unused for an extended
       period (of order at least minutes), it is reasonable to break the  lock
       and deny the initial fid further I/O.

       The  two  time  fields  are  measured in seconds since the epoch (Jan 1
       00:00 1970 GMT).  The mtime field reflects the time of the last  change
       of  content.   For  a  plain file, mtime is the time of the most recent
       create, open with truncation, or write; for a directory it is the  time
       of the most recent remove, create, or wstat of a file in the directory.
       Similarly, the atime field records the last read of the contents;  also
       it  is  set whenever mtime is set.  In addition, for a directory, it is
       set by an attach, walk, or create, all whether successful or not.

       The length records the number of bytes in the  file.   Directories  and
       most files representing devices have a conventional length of 0.

       The stat request requires no special permissions.

       The  wstat request can change some of the file status information.  The
       name can be changed by anyone  with  write  permission  in  the  parent
       directory;  it  is  an  error to change the name to that of an existing
       file.  The mode and mtime can be changed by the owner of  the  file  or
       the group leader of the file's current group.  The directory bit cannot
       be changed by a wstat; the other defined permission and mode bits  can.
       The gid can be changed: by the owner if also a member of the new group;
       or by the group leader of the file's current group if  also  leader  of
       the  new group (see intro(5) for more information about permissions and
       users(6) for users and groups).  None of the other data can be  altered
       by  a  wstat.   In particular, there is no way to change the owner of a

       A read of a directory yields an integral number of directory entries in
       the machine independent encoding given above (see read(5)).

       Stat messages are generated by fstat and stat.

       Wstat messages are generated by fwstat and wstat.