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PRINTCAP(5)                   File Formats Manual                  PRINTCAP(5)



NAME
       printcap - printer capability data base

SYNOPSIS
       /etc/printcap

DESCRIPTION
       Printcap  is  a  simplified version of the termcap(5) data base used to
       describe line printers.  The spooling system accesses the printcap file
       every time it is used, allowing dynamic addition and deletion of print-
       ers.  Each entry in the data base is  used  to  describe  one  printer.
       This  data base may not be substituted for, as is possible for termcap,
       because it may allow accounting to be bypassed.

       The default printer is normally lp,  though  the  environment  variable
       PRINTER  may  be used to override this.  Each spooling utility supports
       an option,  -Pprinter,  to  allow  explicit  naming  of  a  destination
       printer.

       Refer  to the 4.2BSD Line Printer Spooler Manual for a complete discus-
       sion on how setup the database for a given printer.

CAPABILITIES
       Refer to termcap for a description of the file layout.

       Name   Type  Default             Description
       af     str   NULL                name of accounting file
       br     num   none                if lp is a tty, set the baud rate (ioctl call)
       cf     str   NULL                cifplot data filter
       df     str   NULL                tex data filter (DVI format)
       fc     num   0                   if lp is a tty, clear flag bits (sgtty.h)
       ff     str   ``\f''              string to send for a form feed
       fo     bool  false               print a form feed when device is opened
       fs     num   0                   like `fc' but set bits
       gf     str   NULL                graph data filter (plot (3X) format)
       ic     bool  false               driver supports (non standard) ioctl to indent printout
       if     str   NULL                name of text filter which does accounting
       lf     str   ``/dev/console''    error logging file name
       lo     str   ``lock''            name of lock file
       lp     str   ``/dev/lp''         device name to open for output
       mx     num   1000                maximum file size (in BUFSIZ blocks), zero = unlimited
       nd     str   NULL                next directory for list of queues (unimplemented)
       nf     str   NULL                ditroff data filter (device independent troff)
       of     str   NULL                name of output filtering program
       pl     num   66                  page length (in lines)
       pw     num   132                 page width (in characters)
       px     num   0                   page width in pixels (horizontal)
       py     num   0                   page length in pixels (vertical)
       rf     str   NULL                filter for printing FORTRAN style text files
       rm     str   NULL                machine name for remote printer
       rp     str   ``lp''              remote printer name argument
       rs     bool  false               restrict remote users to those with local accounts
       rw     bool  false               open the printer device for reading and writing
       sb     bool  false               short banner (one line only)
       sc     bool  false               suppress multiple copies
       sd     str   ``/usr/spool/lpd''  spool directory
       sf     bool  false               suppress form feeds
       sh     bool  false               suppress printing of burst page header
       st     str   ``status''          status file name
       tf     str   NULL                troff data filter (cat phototypesetter)
       tr     str   NULL                trailer string to print when queue empties
       vf     str   NULL                raster image filter
       xc     num   0                   if lp is a tty, clear local mode bits (tty (4))
       xs     num   0                   like `xc' but set bits

       Error messages sent to the console have a carriage return  and  a  line
       feed appended to them, rather than just a line feed.

       If  the local line printer driver supports indentation, the daemon must
       understand how to invoke it.

SEE ALSO
       termcap(5), lpc(8), lpd(8), pac(8), lpr(1), lpq(1), lprm(1)
       4.2BSD Line Printer Spooler Manual



4th Berkeley Distribution        18 July 1983                      PRINTCAP(5)