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mm(5)                 Standards, Environments, and Macros                mm(5)

       mm - text formatting (memorandum) macros

       nroff -mm [options] filename...

       troff -mm [options] filename...

       This package of nroff(1) and troff(1) macro definitions provides a for-
       matting facility for various styles of  articles,  theses,  and  books.
       When  producing  2-column  output on a terminal or lineprinter, or when
       reverse line motions are needed, filter the output through col(1).  All
       external -mm macros are defined below.

       Note: this -mm macro package is an extended version written at Berkeley
       and is a superset of the standard -mm macro  packages  as  supplied  by
       Bell  Labs.   Some  of  the  Bell  Labs  macros  have been removed; for
       instance, it is assumed that the user has little interest in  producing
       headers stating that the memo was generated at Whippany Labs.

       Many nroff and troff requests are unsafe in conjunction with this pack-
       age. However, the first four requests below may be used  with  impunity
       after initialization, and the last two may be used even before initial-

       .bp      begin new page

       .br      break output line

       .spn     insert n spacing lines

       .cen     center next n lines

       .lsn     line spacing: n=1 single, n=2 double space

       .na      no alignment of right margin

       Font and point size changes with \f and \s are also allowed; for  exam-
       ple,  \fIword\fR  will italicize word. Output of the tbl(1), eqn(1) and
       refer(1) preprocessors for equations, tables, and references is accept-
       able as input.

       Here is a table of macros.

       tab();   lw(1.472222i)|  lw(1.097222i)|  lw(0.736111i)|  lw(2.194444i).
       Macro NameInitial ValueBreak? Reset?Explanation .1Cony,yone column for-
       mat on a new page .2C [ l ]-y,ytwo column format l=line length .AE-yend
       abstract .AL [ t ] [ i ] [ s  ]t=1;i=.Li;s=0yT{  Start  automatic  list
       type  t=[1,A,a,I,i]  1=arabic  numbers; A=uppercase letters a=lowercase
       letters; I=uppercase Roman numerals; i=lowercase Roman numerals  inden-
       tation  i;  separation s T} .AS m [ n ]n=0ybegin abstract .AU-yauthor's
       name .AV x-yT{ signature and date  line  of  verifier  x  T}  .B  x-nT{
       embolden x; if no x, switch to boldface T} .BE-yend block text .BI x y-
       nembolden x and underline y .BL-ybullet list .BR x  y-nembolden  x  and
       use  Roman  font  for  y .BS-nstart block text .CN-ysame as .DE (nroff)
       .CS-ycover sheet .CW-nsame as .DS I (nroff) .DE-yend display .DF [ p  ]
       [  f  ]  [  rp  ]p=L;f=NyT{ start floating display; position p=[L,C,CB]
       L=left; I=indent; C=center; CB=center block fill f=[N,Y];  right  posi-
       tion rp (fill only) T} .DL [ i ] [ s ]-ystart dash list .DS [ p ] [ f ]
       [ rp ]p=L;f=NyT{ begin static display (see .DF  for  argument  descrip-
       tions) T} .EC x [ n ]n=1yT{ equation title; equation x; number n T} .EF
       x-nT{ even  footer  appears  at  the  bottom  of  even-numbered  pages;
       x="l'c'r" l=left; c=center; r=right T} .EH x-nT{ even header appears at
       the top of even-numbered pages; x="l'c'r" l=left; c=center; r=right  T}
       .EN-yT{  end displayed equation produced by eqn T} .EQ-ybreak out equa-
       tion produced by eqn .EX x [ n ]n=1yexhibit title; exhibit x  number  n
       .FD [ f ] [ r ]f=10;r=1nT{ set footnote style format f=[0-11]; renumber
       r=[0,1] T} .FE-yend footnote .FG x [ n  ]n=1yfigure  title;  figure  x;
       number  n  .FS-nstart  footnote .H l [ t ]-yT{ produce numbered heading
       level l=[1-7]; title t T} .HU t-yproduce unnumbered heading; title t .I
       x-nunderline x .IB x y-nunderline x and embolden y .IR x y-nunderline x
       and use Roman font on y .LE [ s ]s=0yend list; separation s .LI [ m ] [
       p  ]-ystart  new list item; mark m prefix p (mark only) .ML m [ i ] [ s
       ]s=0yT{ start marked list; mark m indentation i; separation s=[0,1]  T}
       .MT xymemo title; title x .ND xnT{ no date in page footer; x is date on
       cover T} .NE-yend block text .NS-ystart block text .OF x-nT{ odd footer
       appears  at  the bottom of odd-numbered pages; x="l'c'r" l=left; c=cen-
       ter; r=right T} .OF x-nT{ odd header appears at the top of odd-numbered
       pages;  x="l'c'r"  l=left; c=center; r=right T} .OP-yT{ skip to the top
       of an odd-number page T} .P [  t  ]t=0y,yT{  begin  paragraph;  t=[0,1]
       0=justified;  1=indented T} .PF x-nT{ page footer appears at the bottom
       of every page; x="l'c'r" l=left; c=center; r=right T}  .PH  x-nT{  page
       header  appears  at  the top of every page; x="l'c'r" l=left; c=center;
       r=right T} .Ronnreturn to Roman font  .RB  x  y-nuse  Roman  on  x  and
       embolden y .RI x y-nuse Roman on x and underline y .RP x-y,yT{ released
       paper format ? x=no stops title on first  T}  .RS5ny,yT{  right  shift:
       start  level  of relative indentation T} .S m n-nT{ set character point
       size & vertical space character point size m; vertical space n  T}  .SA
       xx=1njustification; x=[0,1] .SK x-yskip x pages .SM -nsmaller; decrease
       point size by 2 .SP [ x ]-yT{  leave  x  blank  lines  T}  .TB  x  [  n
       ]n=1ytable  title;  table  x;  number n .TC-yT{ print table of contents
       (put at end of input file) T} .TE-yend of table processed by  tbl  .TH-
       yend  multi-page  header  of  table  .TL-nT{  title in boldface and two
       points larger T} .TM-nUC Berkeley thesis mode .TP  iyyT{  i=p.i.  Begin
       indented  paragraph, with the tag given on the next text line. Set pre-
       vailing indent to i.  T} .TS x-y,yT{ begin  table;  if  x=H  table  has
       multi-page  header T} .TY -ydisplay centered title CONTENTS .VL i [ m ]
       [ s ]m=0;s=0yT{ start variable-item list; indentation  i  mark-indenta-
       tion m; separation s T}

       Formatting distances can be controlled in -mm by means of built-in num-
       ber registers. For example, this sets the line length to 6.5 inches:

       .nr  LL  6.5i

       Here is a table of number registers and their default values:

       tab();  lw(1.097222i)|  lw(2.194444i)|  lw(1.097222i)|   lw(1.111111i).
       NameRegister  ControlsTakes EffectDefault Clcontents leveltable of con-
       tents2 Dedisplay  ejectdisplay0  Dfdisplay  floatingdisplay5  Dsdisplay
       spacingdisplay1v  Hbheading  breakheading2  Hcheading centeringheading0
       Hiheading indentheading1  Hiheading  spacingheading1  Huheading  unnum-
       beredheading2 Lilist indentationlist

       6 (nroff)
       5 (troff)

       Lslist  spacinglist6 Piparagraph indentparagraph5 Ptparagraph typepara-
       graph1 Sistatic indentdisplay

       5 (nroff)
       3 (troff)

       When resetting these values,  make  sure  to  specify  the  appropriate
       units. Setting the line length to 7, for example, will result in output
       with one character per line.  Setting  Pi  to  0  suppresses  paragraph

       Here  is  a list of string registers available in -mm; they may be used
       anywhere in the text:

       tab(); cw(1.822917i)| lw(3.677083i).  NameString's Function \*QT{ quote
       (" in nroff, `` in troff ) T} \*U T{ unquote (" in nroff, '' in troff )
       T} \*-T{ dash (-- in nroff, -- in troff ) T} \*(MOmonth (month  of  the
       year)   \*(DYday  (current  date)  \**automatically  numbered  footnote
       \*'acute accent (before letter) \*`grave accent (before letter) \*^cir-
       cumflex  (before  letter)  \*,cedilla (before letter) \*:umlaut (before
       letter) \*~tilde (before letter) \(BUbullet item \(DTdate  (month  day,
       yr) \(EMT{ em dash

       T}  \(LfLIST  OF  FIGURES  title  \(LtLIST  OF TABLES title \(LxLIST OF
       EXHIBITS  title  \(LeLIST  OF  EQUATIONS  title  \(RpREFERENCES   title
       \(Tmtrademark character (TM)

       When  using  the  extended  accent mark definitions available with .AM,
       these strings should come after, rather than before, the letter  to  be


       /usr/share/lib/tmac/mm.[nt]     nroff and troff definitions of mm.

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       tab()     allbox;     cw(2.750000i)|    cw(2.750000i)    lw(2.750000i)|
       lw(2.750000i).  ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE AvailabilitySUNWdoc

       col(1), eqn(1), nroff(1), refer(1), tbl(1), troff(1), attributes(5)

       Floating keeps and regular keeps are diverted to  the  same  space,  so
       they cannot be mixed together with predictable results.

SunOS 5.10                        1 Jan 1997                             mm(5)