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MANPATH(5)                    /etc/manpath.config                   MANPATH(5)

       manpath - format of the /etc/manpath.config file

       The  manpath configuration file is used by the manual page utilities to
       assess users' manpaths at run time, to indicate which manual page hier-
       archies  (manpaths)  are  to  be  treated  as system hierarchies and to
       assign them directories to be used for storing cat files.

       If the environment variable $MANPATH is already  set,  the  information
       contained within /etc/manpath.config will not override it.

       The following field types are currently recognised:

       # comment
              Blank  lines or those beginning with a # will be treated as com-
              ments and ignored.

       MANDATORY_MANPATH manpath_element
              Lines of this form indicate manpaths  that  every  automatically
              generated  $MANPATH should contain.  This will typically include

       MANPATH_MAP path_element manpath_element
              Lines of this form set up $PATH to $MANPATH mappings.  For  each
              path_element  found in the user's $PATH, manpath_element will be
              added to the $MANPATH.

       MANDB_MAP manpath_element [ catpath_element ]
              Lines of this form indicate which manpaths are to be treated  as
              system  manpaths, and optionally where their cat files should be
              stored.  This field type is particularly important if man  is  a
              setuid  program,  as  (when  in  the  system  configuration file
              /etc/manpath.config rather than the per-user configuration  file
              .manpath)  it  indicates which manual page hierarchies to access
              as the setuid user and which as the invoking user.

              The system manual page  hierarchies  are  usually  those  stored
              under /usr such as /usr/man, /usr/local/man and /usr/X11R6/man.

              If  cat  pages  from  a particular manpath_element are not to be
              stored or are to be stored in  the  traditional  location,  cat-
              path_element may be omitted.

              Traditional  cat  placement  would  be  impossible for read only
              mounted manual page hierarchies and because of this it is possi-
              ble  to specify any valid directory hierarchy for their storage.
              To observe the Linux FSSTND the keyword `FSSTND can be  used  in
              place of an actual directory.

              Unfortunately,  it  is  necessary to specify all system man tree
              paths,  including  alternate  operating  system  paths  such  as
              /usr/man/sun    and    any    NLS    locale    paths   such   as

              As the information is parsed line by line in the order  written,
              it  is  necessary  for  any  manpath  that is a sub-hierarchy of
              another hierarchy to be listed  first,  otherwise  an  incorrect
              match  will  be  made.   An example is that /usr/man/de_DE.88591
              must come before /usr/man.

       DEFINE key value
              Lines of this form define miscellaneous configuration variables;
              see  the  default configuration file for those variables used by
              the manual pager utilities.  They include default paths to vari-
              ous  programs  (such as grep and tbl), and default sets of argu-
              ments to those programs.

              This flag prevents man(1) from creating cat pages automatically.

       Unless the rules above are followed and observed precisely, the  manual
       pager  utilities  will  not  function as desired.  The rules are overly

2.5.2                             2008-05-05                        MANPATH(5)