LOGIN.CONF(5) BSD File Formats Manual LOGIN.CONF(5)
login.conf -- login class capability data base
The login.conf file describes the various attributes of login classes. A
login class determines what styles of authentication are available as
well as session resource limits and environment setup. While designed
primarily for the login(1) program, it is also used by other programs,
e.g., rexecd(8), which need to set up a user environment.
The class to be used is normally determined by the class field in the
password file (see passwd(5)). The class is used to look up a corre-
sponding entry in the login.conf file. A special class called
``default'' will be used (if it exists) if there is no other match.
Refer to getcap(3) for a description of the file layout. An example
All entries in the login.conf file are either boolean or use a `=' to
separate the capability from the value. The types are described after
the capability table.
Name Type Default Description
copyright file File containing additional copy-
coredumpsize size Maximum coredump size limit.
cputime time CPU usage limit.
datasize size Maximum data size limit.
filesize size Maximum file size limit.
host.allow string A comma-separated list of host
name or IP address patterns from
which a class is allowed access.
Access is instead denied from any
hosts preceeded by '!'. Patterns
can contain the sh(1) -style '*'
and '?' wildcards. The host.deny
entry is checked before
host.allow. (Currently used only
host.deny string A comma-separated list of host
name or IP address patterns from
which a class is denied access.
Patterns as per host.allow,
although a matched pattern that
has been negated with '!' is
ignored. (Currently used only by
hushlogin bool false Same as having a $HOME/.hushlogin
file. See login(1).
ignorenologin bool false Not affected by nologin files.
login-retries number 10 Maximum number of login attempts
login-backoff number 3 Number of login attempts after
which to start random back-off.
maxproc number Maximum number of process.
memorylocked size Maximum locked in core memory
memoryuse size Maximum in core memoryuse size
minpasswordlen number The minimum length a local pass-
word may be. Used by the
nologin file If the file exists it will be
displayed and the login session
will be terminated.
openfiles number Maximum number of open file
descriptors per process.
passwordtime time Used by passwd(1) to set next
password expiry date.
password-warn time 2w If the user's password will
expire within this length of time
then warn the user of this.
path path /bin /usr/bin
Default search path.
priority number Initial priority (nice) level.
requirehome bool false Require home directory to login.
setenv list Comma separated list of environ-
ment variables and values to be
shell program Session shell to execute rather
than the shell specified in the
password file. The SHELL envi-
ronment variable will contain the
shell specified in the password
stacksize size Maximum stack size limit.
term string su Default terminal type if not able
to determine from other means.
umask number 022 Initial umask. Should always
have a leading 0 to assure octal
interpretation. See umask(2).
welcome file /etc/motd File containing welcome message.
The resource limit entries (cputime, filesize, datasize, stacksize,
coredumpsize, memoryuse, memorylocked, maxproc, and openfiles) actually
specify both the maximum and current limits (see getrlimit(2)). The cur-
rent limit is the one normally used, although the user is permitted to
increase the current limit to the maximum limit. The maximum and current
limits may be specified individually by appending a '-max' or '-cur' to
the capability name (e.g., openfiles-max and openfiles-cur).
NetBSD will never define capabilities which start with x- or X-, these
are reserved for external use (unless included through contributed soft-
The argument types are defined as:
file Path name to a text file.
list A comma separated list of values.
number A number. A leading 0x implies the number is expressed in
hexadecimal. A leading 0 implies the number is expressed in
octal. Any other number is treated as decimal.
path A space separated list of path names. If a '~' is the first
character in the path name, the '~' is expanded to the user's
program A path name to program.
size A number which expresses a size in bytes. It may have a
trailing b to multiply the value by 512, a k to multiply the
value by 1 K (1024), and a m to multiply the value by 1 M
time A time in seconds. A time may be expressed as a series of
numbers which are added together. Each number may have a
trailing character to represent time units:
y Indicates a number of 365 day years.
w Indicates a number of 7 day weeks.
d Indicates a number of 24 hour days.
h Indicates a number of 60 minute hours.
m Indicates a number of 60 second minutes.
s Indicates a number of seconds.
For example, to indicate 1 and 1/2 hours, the following string
could be used: 1h30m.
/etc/login.conf login class capability database
/etc/login.conf.db hashed database built with cap_mkdb(1)
cap_mkdb(1), login(1), getcap(3), login_cap(3), ttys(5), ftpd(8), sshd(8)
The login.conf configuration file appeared in NetBSD 1.5.
BSD March 24, 2003 BSD