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insight_manager(5)					   insight_manager(5)


  insight_manager - Web-based device status and	configuration


  Compaq Insight Manager is a Web-based	utility	that enables you to look
  across a heterogeneous computing environment and access information about
  any entity connected to the network. Entities	are referred to	as devices
  and can be computer systems, networked printers, or network components such
  as routers. You can obtain information about the configuration of systems
  and their components or peripherals and in some cases, perform certain
  administrative tasks such as asset management, asset security, work load
  management, and event	management.

  Web-based management protocols are able to communicate among the following
  operating environments in addition to	Tru64 UNIX: Compaq OpenVMS, IBM	OS/2,
  Microsoft Windows 2000(TM), Windows NT(TM), Windows 98(TM), and Windows
  95(TM), Novell NetWare, SCO OpenServer Release 5, SCO	UnixWare 7.

  Compaq Insight Manager features are fully implemented	in some	operating
  environments,	but are	not yet	implemented in others. This means that you
  can use many features	on Windows NT(TM) systems, but you cannot use certain
  features on Tru64 UNIX. Compaq Insight Manager provides a consistent
  wrapper for SysMan, enabling you to manage supported systems from a web
  browser. On a	Tru64 UNIX system, you can use the Compaq Management Agents
  to monitor devices, but you must invoke the SysMan Menu or SysMan Station
  to perform configuration tasks.

  Compaq Insight Manager XE is a software console that provides	full adminis-
  trative services for Windows NT. It is a server that can communicate with
  other	devices	in the local area network or domain that run the Compaq
  Management Agents.

  WBEM must be able to recognize its operating environment. The	operating
  environment must be capable of communicating device information to the WBEM
  network, and also of receiving and executing instructions sent from other
  (authorized) devices in the WBEM network. The	operating environments must
  be able to run Compaq	Management Agents (daemons) which communicate with
  each other using a standard protocol.	Devices, and their operating environ-
  ments, are able to provide information about hardware	and software status
  using	a data model, such as a	Management Information Base (MIB) and Simple
  Network Management Protocol (SNMP). These can	be thought of as a data	base
  of objects, with attributes and values, representing the manageable com-
  ponents of a device.

  A feature of Compaq Insight Manager is auto discovery. Any Management	Agent
  can discover any other Management agent in the local network domain. The
  system with the lowest numerical value for its IP address is the "master"
  for the subnet. You can configure a system so	that it	does not participate
  as a master or participate in	auto-discovery.


  The Management  agents (daemons) are configured by default when you install
  the operating	system and are automatically started when the system boots.
  The Web agent	is initialized during transition to run	level 3, and the ini-
  tialization script is	located	in /sbin/rc3.d/S50insightd. This script	runs
  /usr/sbin/insightd and prints	a boot-time message at the console when	the
  agent	is successfully	started.

  The SNMP subagents /usr/sbin/os_mibs and /usr/sbin/cpq_mibs are also
  invoked during transition to run level 3 and are invoked by the
  /sbin/rc.3d/S49snmpd script.	To test	that the system	is properly config-
  ured,	enter the following commands

  # ps agx | grep insight

  487 ??       S	0:35.63	/usr/sbin/insightd

  # ps agx | grep cpq

  466 ??       S	0:00.36	/usr/sbin/cpq_mibs

  # ps agx | grep os_mibs

  466 ??       S	0:00.36	/usr/sbin/os_mibs

  If you do not	wish to	have the Management Web	Agent enabled by default, you
  can configure	its default setting through the	SysMan Menu either with	the
  following command line utility:

  # /usr/sbin/sysman imconfig

  Alternatively	you can	use the	imconfig as follows:

   1.  Invoke the SysMan Menu

   2.  Expand the Monitoring and Tuning	branch to display the Set Up Insight
       Manager task

   3.  Set up the Insight Manager task:

       Enable Insight Manager
	       Check this box to enable	access to the Insight Manager agents.
	       This option enables or denies access by all users, including
	       root, then select OK.

  You should configure the password settings for the Compaq Insight Manager
  administration account when you first	use it.	The procedure is described in
  the section titled "Account Login home page".

  See the Best Practice	document titled	" Configuring SNMP for Threshhold Set
  and Trap Operations for Compaq Insight Manager" for information on confi-
  guring SNMP so that the administrator	can set	thresholds.

  Browser Requirements

  The minimum browser requirements include support for tables, frames, Java,
  JavaScript, and the Java Development Kit (JDK) 1.1. Additional browsers, or
  the  browsers	mentioned, used	with different operating systems, may or may
  not  work correctly, depending upon their specific implementations of	the
  required  browser technologies.

  The requirements are TCP/IP and one of the following browsers:

  For client systems running		  Browser Requirements
  Tru64	UNIX Version 4.0F or higer	  Netscape Communicator	4.5 or higher

  Tru64	UNIX 3.2C through 4.0E

					  Netscape Communicator	4.06 or

  Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT

					  Microsoft Internet Explorer version
					  4.72.2106.8 or higher	OR Netscape
					  Communicator 4.04 or higher

  You must turn	on the following options so that the Server Agents work	prop-

    +  Enable Java

    +  Enable JavaScript

    +  Accept all cookies or  Accept cookies originating from the same server
       as the page being viewed

  Configuring the Java Plug-in for Netscape

  You must install the Java plug-in to invoke the SysMan Menu or SysMan	Sta-
  tion as Java applets using Netscape. If you attempt to run an	applet option
  such as SysMan Menu before installing	the Java plug-in, the browser opens a
  new web page in a separate window but	is not be able to complete the opera-
  tion.	 Close the new window.

  The Java plug-in shipped with	the operating system is	designed to work only
  with Netscape	on this	release	of Tru64 UNIX. If you are using	Netscape on
  another platform, other Java plug-ins	might be available for the user
  environment of your choice. Refer to the home	page for your browser. Only
  the Netscape browser is identified as	the supported browser and has been
  tested for this release.

  This procedure to install the	Java plug-in is	described in detail in the
  web page at /usr/share/sysman/web/plugin.html	which is displayed automati-
  cally	when you first attempt to use the Java applets.	 Print the page	as
  you will need	to restart your	browser	during the installation	and confi-
  guration of the plug-in.

  The following	describes the installation procedure:

   1.  Unpack the compressed kit into a	temporary directory

	    # cd /usr/tmp
	    # tar -xvf /usr/share/sysman/kits/plugin.tar

       These commands create an	installation shell script in /usr/tmp.

   2.  Run the installation shell script:

	    # sh plugin-113i-alphaunix-118-7.sh

       This command creates files in your home directory ~/.netscape/java.

   3.  Run the Java ControlPanel program to verify the properties for the

	    # ~/.netscape/java/ControlPanel

	 +  Basic Tab

	    Be sure that the Enable Java Plug-in box is	checked.

	 +  Advanced Tab

	    Edit the path to include the directory ~/.netscape/java.

	 +  Proxies Tab

	    The	Use browser settings must be unchecked;	the proxy settings
	    must be blank.

   4.  Restart your browser and	run the	SysMan options in Java mode.  To
       invoke any SysMan applet	on a host, the insightd	daemon must be run-
       ning on the target host as described in the section titled Configura-

  Using	Compaq Insight Manager

  When Compaq Insight Manager is configured, you can also connect to the Com-
  paq Management Agents	of any system in the local network domain that is
  also running Compaq Management Agents.

  Connect your web browser to port 2301	on any such system in the local	area
  network as follows:


  You can also specify the TCP/IP address in place of a	fully qualified	host
  name,	as in the following example.


  Connecting your web browser to port 2301 launches the	Device Home Page of
  the specified	system.	 Once you have connected to a system, you can view
  the local system, status, or select other hosts on the local network.	You
  can connect to another host simply by	selecting its address from the list
  of local devices. You	can access several other web pages from	this site;
  they include:

    +  Compaq Access home page

    +  Account Login home page

    +  Configuration Options home page

    +  Compaq WEBM Active Devices home page

    +  Compaq Management Agents	home page

  Each of these	web pages are described	in the following sections.

  Selecting certain Insight Manager options requires the presence of a Java
  plug-in for the Netscape browser. If the Java	plug-in	is not configured
  into your browser, a dialog box is displayed prompts you to download and
  configure the	plug-in. The procedure is described in the section titled
  "Configuration." Browsers other than Netscape	do not require the Java
  plug-in when browsers	other than Netscape.

  Device Home Page

  On successful	connection, the	Compaq Insight Manager Web-based Management
  device home page appears. This page provides links to	other pages both in
  text format, and as icons. Note that the Tru64 UNIX device home page,	and
  the links from it will differ	in content from	the home page on other sys-
  tems,	such as	a PC running Windows NT.

  The Device Home Page is the starting point for all other links; the follow-
  ing links are	available from it:

    +  Compaq Access home page

    +  Account Login home page

    +  Refresh

    +  Configuration Options home page

    +  Compaq WEBM Active Devices home page

    +  Compaq Management Agents	Home Page

    +  Compaq Tru64 UNIX Configuration Report

       On Tru64	UNIX systems, the configuration	report is created by the
       sys_check utility, which	provides a system census report	for the	local
       host. If	a report has not been created, you can opt to launch the
       utility and create a first report. Note that the	report can take	up to
       an hour to generate, and	may affect system performance.

       If an existing report is	found, the Configuration Report	page is
       displayed and you can browse its	content. The report is useful for
       detecting system	configuration and tuning problems, log file and	event
       file settings, and general configuration	information. This report is
       also of use when	troubleshooting	system problems	and can	be used	with
       the Compaq Management Agents Home Page to resolve such system prob-

       Refer to	System Administration for information on the sys_check util-
       ity, including information on how to set	up a cron task to create
       regularly updated system	census reports.	The sys_check(8)(8) reference
       page describes how to invoke sys_check from the command line and	docu-
       ments all its command options.

    +  Compaq Tru64 UNIX SysMan

       This provides links to the  and the  for	managing Tru64 UNIX systems
       using SysMan Menu and the SysMan	Station.

       You can opt to launch the SysMan	Menu or	the SysMan Station.  When
       using Netscape, you need	the Java plug-in as described in the Browser
       Requirements section.

       You are prompted	for the	name and password of an	authorized account.
       Because the SysMan suite	is run as a Java applet, you cannot close or
       otherwise use the associated browser window. If you attempt to do
       this, the Java applet will also be closed.

       You can also run	any SysMan task	from any networked PC using a browser
       without the need	to install the SysMan Menu and the SysMan Station
       client PC software.

  Online help is available for any Compaq Insight Manager web page; select
  the question mark (?)	icon to	invoke it. This	icon is	a question mark	in a
  triangle, located at the top of the page.

  Compaq Management Agents Home	Page

  The Compaq Management	Agents Home Page is configured by default for
  anonymous access; thus, it does not require a	user login.

  The Compaq Insight Management	Agents page provides detailed information on
  the status of	a device, its operating	system,	and any	device subcomponents
  that can be seen by the Compaq Insight Manager agent.	If the device is a
  computer, a subcomponent can be a mass storage peripheral, such as a hard
  disk.	This web page is divided into three frames:

   1.  The Compaq Insight Manager frame	contains the icons and labels that
       describe	the status of a	device and its components (if any). It also
       contains	several	options	that can be selected to	display	more informa-
       tion in the Summary (main) frame. This frame provides the following

       Agent Help
	       Invokes the web-based help page

       Summary Returns to the Summary (main) frame

       Device Home
	       Returns to the Device Home page

       Options Enables you to configure	the presentation of device data, and
	       set values such as the refresh interval.	Refer to the online
	       help for	more information on the	configuration options.

       Legend of color-coded icons that	describe the device and	component
	       They are:

		 +  Unknown (blue)

		 +  OK (green)

		 +  Degraded (yellow)

		 +  Failed (red).

   2.  The Navigation frame lists all the subcomponents	for which data can be
       obtained	and any	associated data	items. It provides status data on
       hardware, such as network interface (NIC) cards,	and also data on gen-
       eral system status, such	as CPU utilization. The	content	of this	frame
       is dependent on what device data	can be provided	by the device to Com-
       paq Insight Manager. Typical contents for a device that is a computer
       system are as follows:

	       Provides	information on the system type,	the main CPU board
	       and the operating system	software. You can select any of	these
	       links to	display	further	data in	the Summary frame

       Mass Storage
	       Provides	links to information on	the disk devices, and current
	       allocations of disk space in use	by file	systems.  Also
	       included	is information on device controllers, such as SCSI
	       controllers.  If	you select a SCSI controller, you can display
	       the busses and any disk devices connected to a bus. In turn,
	       you can select an individual disk, tape,	and CD-ROM, and
	       display properties of that device.

       NIC (Network Interface Card)
	       Provides	links to information on	the network interfaces,	and
	       any other communications	interfaces that	are configured,	such
	       as a serial line	interface. You can obtain information about
	       the device, such	as its device type, physical address, and
	       settings, and network statistics.

	       Provides	links to information on	the CPU	utilization with
	       aggregate load for the past one,	five, thirty, and sixty

	       Provides	links to information on	environmental conditions such
	       as the status of	the environmental monitoring subsystem (if
	       configured on the host),	including power	supply,	system tem-
	       perature, and fan status. You can also display the log of
	       start-up	messages that was saved	when the system	was last

   3.  The Data	frame is the Main frame. Any links selected in the preceding
       frames will be displayed	here. When you first access the	Insight
       Management Agents page, this frame contains information which enables
       you to identify the device type and model, its physical and network
       locations, and its general status. Use the Summary link in the Insight
       Management Agents frame to display this default information.

       Use the question	mark (?) icon in the frame heading to access the Com-
       paq Management Agents web-based documentation to	provide	you with more
       information on all the Compaq Insight Manager pages.

  Compaq Access	home page

  This web page	provides links to related World	Wide Web pages including the
  Compaq home page.

  You can access this page by selecting	the Compaq Web-Based Management
  banner at the	top of most web	pages.

  Account Login	home page

  This window requests a user name and a password for the User or Administra-
  tor accounts.

  The Compaq Management	Agents provide three accounts (User, Operator,
  Administrator) with default passwords. For more information, see the sec-
  tion titled "Security" in the	web based help page titled "Accessing Compaq
  Management Agents for	Servers".  To access it, select	Agent Help from	the
  upper	left pane of the Compaq	Management Agents Home Page. The help page
  opens. Select	the link labelled "Security".

  Use the following procedure to change	the administrator password:

   1.  Access the Account Login	home page by selecting Login Account:
       Anonymous from the Device home page.

   2.  Select the text link "changed" in the sentence, "The Password for a
       login account may be changed at any time	by an Account Administrator."
       Another Account Login web page is displayed; this one has Name and
       Password	fields for the Account Administrator and for Change Account.

   3.  Enter administrator in the Account Administrator	name field.

   4.  Enter the administrator password	in the Account Administrator password

   5.  Enter an	administrator account name  in the box titled "Change Account

   6.  Enter a new administrator password in the box titled "Change Account
       New Password."

   7.  Confirm the new password	by entering it in the box titled "Change
       Account Confirm Password."

   8.  Select OK. You can opt to use root as the administrator account name
       and you can also	specify	the same password.

       The dialog box is reset,	but no other confirmation is displayed.

   9.  Select the text link titled: Login Account: anonymous again. The
       Account Login page is displayed with the	Login Account now changed to
       the administrator account name.

   10. Select the Device Home Page link. Note that a "Logout" link is now
       provided	on that	page.

   11. Select the "Logout" link	to log out of the administrator	account.

  Refer	to the following description of	the Configuration Options home page
  for important	information on Anonymous Access.

  Configuration	Options	home page

  This web page	 contains options that can be set by the administrator to
  control access to Insight Manager. The options are:

  Anonymous Access
	  Enabling this	option allows nonprivileged users to view devices and
	  device data.	       This option is turned on	in the default confi-
	  guration. Use	this option with care. Even restricted view-only
	  access to your computing environment might not be acceptable
	  because it reveals the names and network addresses of	systems.

  Local	Access
	  Enabling this	option allows any user with access to the local	con-
	  sole to perform	  administrative tasks.	 This option should
	  be selected with care	due to the security implications.  This
	  option is turned off in the default configuration.

  Auto Delete Users
	  When enabled,	this option deletes automatically user directories
	  that have not		been accessed for a specified number of	days.
	  Enter	a time in days after which local user directories will be
	  deleted. This	option is turned on and	set to 30 days in the default

  HTTP Auto-discovery
	  When enabled,	the local server participates in auto-discovery	of
	  any local	    hosts running the Compaq Insight Manager agent.
	  Enter	a time in minutes to control the frequency of auto-discovery
	  updates. Use this option to prevent auto-discovery of	inappropriate
	  systems.  This option	is turned on and set to	one minute in the
	  default configuration.

  HTTP Auto-discovery master
	  When enabled,	the local server participates in auto-discovery	as a
	  potential master node.  Use this option to prevent inappropriate
	  systems from becoming	the master device in a WBEM network. This
	  option is turned on in the default configuration.

  You can access this web page by selecting the	text link Options on most web

  Compaq WEBM Active Devices home page

  This web page	lists all devices found	in the local WBEM network, including
  the Compaq Insight Manager XE	Servers	known to the system as well as dev-
  ices that the	system has detected on the network

  You can access any of	the listed systems by selecting	the corresponding
  link.	The system's device home page is displayed in the browser.

  You can access this web page by selecting the	text link Devices on most web


  Two devices have special status on the web-based network:

    +  The Windows NT server that is running the XE management console.	 This
       system must be configured with the Compaq Insight Manager XE software,
       and will	enable many of the remote administrative services. The XE
       server has a port address of :280, and you connect to this server from
       your browser by specifying the URL as follows:


       Note that a Compaq Insight Manager XE server is not necessary for
       peer-to-peer administration of Tru64 UNIX systems; you can view system
       status and perform administrative tasks	using the SysMan Menu and the
       SysMan Station in such an environment.

    +  The master device, which	polls all other	available devices for their
       status and data,	stores it in a master record and makes the master
       record available	to any other device. This device is always the one
       with the	lowest local TCP/IP network address (in	the format
       110.222.333.110). An important consideration here is that you must
       assign this number to a system that is capable of handling the WBEM
       traffic.	If the device with the lowest TCP/IP address becomes unavail-
       able for	any reason, the	device with the	next lowest TCP/IP address
       becomes the master. All other devices are slaves.


  Commands: smsd(8), sys_check(8), sysman(8)

  Others: netscape(5)

  Installation Guide

  System Administration

  Best Practice: Updating the Compaq Management	Agents for Tru64 UNIX from
  the Management CD

  Best Practice: Configuring SNMP for Threshhold Set and Trap Operations for
  Compaq Insight Manager