insight_manager - Web-based device status and configuration
Compaq Insight Manager is a Web-based utility that enables you to look
across a heterogeneous computing environment and access information about
any entity connected to the network. Entities are referred to as devices
and can be computer systems, networked printers, or network components such
as routers. You can obtain information about the configuration of systems
and their components or peripherals and in some cases, perform certain
administrative tasks such as asset management, asset security, work load
management, and event management.
Web-based management protocols are able to communicate among the following
operating environments in addition to Tru64 UNIX: Compaq OpenVMS, IBM OS/2,
Microsoft Windows 2000(TM), Windows NT(TM), Windows 98(TM), and Windows
95(TM), Novell NetWare, SCO OpenServer Release 5, SCO UnixWare 7.
Compaq Insight Manager features are fully implemented in some operating
environments, but are not yet implemented in others. This means that you
can use many features on Windows NT(TM) systems, but you cannot use certain
features on Tru64 UNIX. Compaq Insight Manager provides a consistent
wrapper for SysMan, enabling you to manage supported systems from a web
browser. On a Tru64 UNIX system, you can use the Compaq Management Agents
to monitor devices, but you must invoke the SysMan Menu or SysMan Station
to perform configuration tasks.
Compaq Insight Manager XE is a software console that provides full adminis-
trative services for Windows NT. It is a server that can communicate with
other devices in the local area network or domain that run the Compaq
WBEM must be able to recognize its operating environment. The operating
environment must be capable of communicating device information to the WBEM
network, and also of receiving and executing instructions sent from other
(authorized) devices in the WBEM network. The operating environments must
be able to run Compaq Management Agents (daemons) which communicate with
each other using a standard protocol. Devices, and their operating environ-
ments, are able to provide information about hardware and software status
using a data model, such as a Management Information Base (MIB) and Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMP). These can be thought of as a data base
of objects, with attributes and values, representing the manageable com-
ponents of a device.
A feature of Compaq Insight Manager is auto discovery. Any Management Agent
can discover any other Management agent in the local network domain. The
system with the lowest numerical value for its IP address is the "master"
for the subnet. You can configure a system so that it does not participate
as a master or participate in auto-discovery.
The Management agents (daemons) are configured by default when you install
the operating system and are automatically started when the system boots.
The Web agent is initialized during transition to run level 3, and the ini-
tialization script is located in /sbin/rc3.d/S50insightd. This script runs
/usr/sbin/insightd and prints a boot-time message at the console when the
agent is successfully started.
The SNMP subagents /usr/sbin/os_mibs and /usr/sbin/cpq_mibs are also
invoked during transition to run level 3 and are invoked by the
/sbin/rc.3d/S49snmpd script. To test that the system is properly config-
ured, enter the following commands
# ps agx | grep insight
487 ?? S 0:35.63 /usr/sbin/insightd
# ps agx | grep cpq
466 ?? S 0:00.36 /usr/sbin/cpq_mibs
# ps agx | grep os_mibs
466 ?? S 0:00.36 /usr/sbin/os_mibs
If you do not wish to have the Management Web Agent enabled by default, you
can configure its default setting through the SysMan Menu either with the
following command line utility:
# /usr/sbin/sysman imconfig
Alternatively you can use the imconfig as follows:
1. Invoke the SysMan Menu
2. Expand the Monitoring and Tuning branch to display the Set Up Insight
3. Set up the Insight Manager task:
Enable Insight Manager
Check this box to enable access to the Insight Manager agents.
This option enables or denies access by all users, including
root, then select OK.
You should configure the password settings for the Compaq Insight Manager
administration account when you first use it. The procedure is described in
the section titled "Account Login home page".
See the Best Practice document titled " Configuring SNMP for Threshhold Set
and Trap Operations for Compaq Insight Manager" for information on confi-
guring SNMP so that the administrator can set thresholds.
The minimum browser requirements include support for tables, frames, Java,
the browsers mentioned, used with different operating systems, may or may
not work correctly, depending upon their specific implementations of the
required browser technologies.
The requirements are TCP/IP and one of the following browsers:
For client systems running Browser Requirements
Tru64 UNIX Version 4.0F or higer Netscape Communicator 4.5 or higher
Tru64 UNIX 3.2C through 4.0E
Netscape Communicator 4.06 or
Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT
Microsoft Internet Explorer version
4.72.2106.8 or higher OR Netscape
Communicator 4.04 or higher
You must turn on the following options so that the Server Agents work prop-
+ Enable Java
+ Accept all cookies or Accept cookies originating from the same server
as the page being viewed
Configuring the Java Plug-in for Netscape
You must install the Java plug-in to invoke the SysMan Menu or SysMan Sta-
tion as Java applets using Netscape. If you attempt to run an applet option
such as SysMan Menu before installing the Java plug-in, the browser opens a
new web page in a separate window but is not be able to complete the opera-
tion. Close the new window.
The Java plug-in shipped with the operating system is designed to work only
with Netscape on this release of Tru64 UNIX. If you are using Netscape on
another platform, other Java plug-ins might be available for the user
environment of your choice. Refer to the home page for your browser. Only
the Netscape browser is identified as the supported browser and has been
tested for this release.
This procedure to install the Java plug-in is described in detail in the
web page at /usr/share/sysman/web/plugin.html which is displayed automati-
cally when you first attempt to use the Java applets. Print the page as
you will need to restart your browser during the installation and confi-
guration of the plug-in.
The following describes the installation procedure:
1. Unpack the compressed kit into a temporary directory
# cd /usr/tmp
# tar -xvf /usr/share/sysman/kits/plugin.tar
These commands create an installation shell script in /usr/tmp.
2. Run the installation shell script:
# sh plugin-113i-alphaunix-118-7.sh
This command creates files in your home directory ~/.netscape/java.
3. Run the Java ControlPanel program to verify the properties for the
+ Basic Tab
Be sure that the Enable Java Plug-in box is checked.
+ Advanced Tab
Edit the path to include the directory ~/.netscape/java.
+ Proxies Tab
The Use browser settings must be unchecked; the proxy settings
must be blank.
4. Restart your browser and run the SysMan options in Java mode. To
invoke any SysMan applet on a host, the insightd daemon must be run-
ning on the target host as described in the section titled Configura-
Using Compaq Insight Manager
When Compaq Insight Manager is configured, you can also connect to the Com-
paq Management Agents of any system in the local network domain that is
also running Compaq Management Agents.
Connect your web browser to port 2301 on any such system in the local area
network as follows:
You can also specify the TCP/IP address in place of a fully qualified host
name, as in the following example.
Connecting your web browser to port 2301 launches the Device Home Page of
the specified system. Once you have connected to a system, you can view
the local system, status, or select other hosts on the local network. You
can connect to another host simply by selecting its address from the list
of local devices. You can access several other web pages from this site;
+ Compaq Access home page
+ Account Login home page
+ Configuration Options home page
+ Compaq WEBM Active Devices home page
+ Compaq Management Agents home page
Each of these web pages are described in the following sections.
Selecting certain Insight Manager options requires the presence of a Java
plug-in for the Netscape browser. If the Java plug-in is not configured
into your browser, a dialog box is displayed prompts you to download and
configure the plug-in. The procedure is described in the section titled
"Configuration." Browsers other than Netscape do not require the Java
plug-in when browsers other than Netscape.
Device Home Page
On successful connection, the Compaq Insight Manager Web-based Management
device home page appears. This page provides links to other pages both in
text format, and as icons. Note that the Tru64 UNIX device home page, and
the links from it will differ in content from the home page on other sys-
tems, such as a PC running Windows NT.
The Device Home Page is the starting point for all other links; the follow-
ing links are available from it:
+ Compaq Access home page
+ Account Login home page
+ Configuration Options home page
+ Compaq WEBM Active Devices home page
+ Compaq Management Agents Home Page
+ Compaq Tru64 UNIX Configuration Report
On Tru64 UNIX systems, the configuration report is created by the
sys_check utility, which provides a system census report for the local
host. If a report has not been created, you can opt to launch the
utility and create a first report. Note that the report can take up to
an hour to generate, and may affect system performance.
If an existing report is found, the Configuration Report page is
displayed and you can browse its content. The report is useful for
detecting system configuration and tuning problems, log file and event
file settings, and general configuration information. This report is
also of use when troubleshooting system problems and can be used with
the Compaq Management Agents Home Page to resolve such system prob-
Refer to System Administration for information on the sys_check util-
ity, including information on how to set up a cron task to create
regularly updated system census reports. The sys_check(8)(8) reference
page describes how to invoke sys_check from the command line and docu-
ments all its command options.
+ Compaq Tru64 UNIX SysMan
This provides links to the and the for managing Tru64 UNIX systems
using SysMan Menu and the SysMan Station.
You can opt to launch the SysMan Menu or the SysMan Station. When
using Netscape, you need the Java plug-in as described in the Browser
You are prompted for the name and password of an authorized account.
Because the SysMan suite is run as a Java applet, you cannot close or
otherwise use the associated browser window. If you attempt to do
this, the Java applet will also be closed.
You can also run any SysMan task from any networked PC using a browser
without the need to install the SysMan Menu and the SysMan Station
client PC software.
Online help is available for any Compaq Insight Manager web page; select
the question mark (?) icon to invoke it. This icon is a question mark in a
triangle, located at the top of the page.
Compaq Management Agents Home Page
The Compaq Management Agents Home Page is configured by default for
anonymous access; thus, it does not require a user login.
The Compaq Insight Management Agents page provides detailed information on
the status of a device, its operating system, and any device subcomponents
that can be seen by the Compaq Insight Manager agent. If the device is a
computer, a subcomponent can be a mass storage peripheral, such as a hard
disk. This web page is divided into three frames:
1. The Compaq Insight Manager frame contains the icons and labels that
describe the status of a device and its components (if any). It also
contains several options that can be selected to display more informa-
tion in the Summary (main) frame. This frame provides the following
Invokes the web-based help page
Summary Returns to the Summary (main) frame
Returns to the Device Home page
Options Enables you to configure the presentation of device data, and
set values such as the refresh interval. Refer to the online
help for more information on the configuration options.
Legend of color-coded icons that describe the device and component
+ Unknown (blue)
+ OK (green)
+ Degraded (yellow)
+ Failed (red).
2. The Navigation frame lists all the subcomponents for which data can be
obtained and any associated data items. It provides status data on
hardware, such as network interface (NIC) cards, and also data on gen-
eral system status, such as CPU utilization. The content of this frame
is dependent on what device data can be provided by the device to Com-
paq Insight Manager. Typical contents for a device that is a computer
system are as follows:
Provides information on the system type, the main CPU board
and the operating system software. You can select any of these
links to display further data in the Summary frame
Provides links to information on the disk devices, and current
allocations of disk space in use by file systems. Also
included is information on device controllers, such as SCSI
controllers. If you select a SCSI controller, you can display
the busses and any disk devices connected to a bus. In turn,
you can select an individual disk, tape, and CD-ROM, and
display properties of that device.
NIC (Network Interface Card)
Provides links to information on the network interfaces, and
any other communications interfaces that are configured, such
as a serial line interface. You can obtain information about
the device, such as its device type, physical address, and
settings, and network statistics.
Provides links to information on the CPU utilization with
aggregate load for the past one, five, thirty, and sixty
Provides links to information on environmental conditions such
as the status of the environmental monitoring subsystem (if
configured on the host), including power supply, system tem-
perature, and fan status. You can also display the log of
start-up messages that was saved when the system was last
3. The Data frame is the Main frame. Any links selected in the preceding
frames will be displayed here. When you first access the Insight
Management Agents page, this frame contains information which enables
you to identify the device type and model, its physical and network
locations, and its general status. Use the Summary link in the Insight
Management Agents frame to display this default information.
Use the question mark (?) icon in the frame heading to access the Com-
paq Management Agents web-based documentation to provide you with more
information on all the Compaq Insight Manager pages.
Compaq Access home page
This web page provides links to related World Wide Web pages including the
Compaq home page.
You can access this page by selecting the Compaq Web-Based Management
banner at the top of most web pages.
Account Login home page
This window requests a user name and a password for the User or Administra-
The Compaq Management Agents provide three accounts (User, Operator,
Administrator) with default passwords. For more information, see the sec-
tion titled "Security" in the web based help page titled "Accessing Compaq
Management Agents for Servers". To access it, select Agent Help from the
upper left pane of the Compaq Management Agents Home Page. The help page
opens. Select the link labelled "Security".
Use the following procedure to change the administrator password:
1. Access the Account Login home page by selecting Login Account:
Anonymous from the Device home page.
2. Select the text link "changed" in the sentence, "The Password for a
login account may be changed at any time by an Account Administrator."
Another Account Login web page is displayed; this one has Name and
Password fields for the Account Administrator and for Change Account.
3. Enter administrator in the Account Administrator name field.
4. Enter the administrator password in the Account Administrator password
5. Enter an administrator account name in the box titled "Change Account
6. Enter a new administrator password in the box titled "Change Account
7. Confirm the new password by entering it in the box titled "Change
Account Confirm Password."
8. Select OK. You can opt to use root as the administrator account name
and you can also specify the same password.
The dialog box is reset, but no other confirmation is displayed.
9. Select the text link titled: Login Account: anonymous again. The
Account Login page is displayed with the Login Account now changed to
the administrator account name.
10. Select the Device Home Page link. Note that a "Logout" link is now
provided on that page.
11. Select the "Logout" link to log out of the administrator account.
Refer to the following description of the Configuration Options home page
for important information on Anonymous Access.
Configuration Options home page
This web page contains options that can be set by the administrator to
control access to Insight Manager. The options are:
Enabling this option allows nonprivileged users to view devices and
device data. This option is turned on in the default confi-
guration. Use this option with care. Even restricted view-only
access to your computing environment might not be acceptable
because it reveals the names and network addresses of systems.
Enabling this option allows any user with access to the local con-
sole to perform administrative tasks. This option should
be selected with care due to the security implications. This
option is turned off in the default configuration.
Auto Delete Users
When enabled, this option deletes automatically user directories
that have not been accessed for a specified number of days.
Enter a time in days after which local user directories will be
deleted. This option is turned on and set to 30 days in the default
When enabled, the local server participates in auto-discovery of
any local hosts running the Compaq Insight Manager agent.
Enter a time in minutes to control the frequency of auto-discovery
updates. Use this option to prevent auto-discovery of inappropriate
systems. This option is turned on and set to one minute in the
HTTP Auto-discovery master
When enabled, the local server participates in auto-discovery as a
potential master node. Use this option to prevent inappropriate
systems from becoming the master device in a WBEM network. This
option is turned on in the default configuration.
You can access this web page by selecting the text link Options on most web
Compaq WEBM Active Devices home page
This web page lists all devices found in the local WBEM network, including
the Compaq Insight Manager XE Servers known to the system as well as dev-
ices that the system has detected on the network
You can access any of the listed systems by selecting the corresponding
link. The system's device home page is displayed in the browser.
You can access this web page by selecting the text link Devices on most web
Two devices have special status on the web-based network:
+ The Windows NT server that is running the XE management console. This
system must be configured with the Compaq Insight Manager XE software,
and will enable many of the remote administrative services. The XE
server has a port address of :280, and you connect to this server from
your browser by specifying the URL as follows:
Note that a Compaq Insight Manager XE server is not necessary for
peer-to-peer administration of Tru64 UNIX systems; you can view system
status and perform administrative tasks using the SysMan Menu and the
SysMan Station in such an environment.
+ The master device, which polls all other available devices for their
status and data, stores it in a master record and makes the master
record available to any other device. This device is always the one
with the lowest local TCP/IP network address (in the format
110.222.333.110). An important consideration here is that you must
assign this number to a system that is capable of handling the WBEM
traffic. If the device with the lowest TCP/IP address becomes unavail-
able for any reason, the device with the next lowest TCP/IP address
becomes the master. All other devices are slaves.
Commands: smsd(8), sys_check(8), sysman(8)
Best Practice: Updating the Compaq Management Agents for Tru64 UNIX from
the Management CD
Best Practice: Configuring SNMP for Threshhold Set and Trap Operations for
Compaq Insight Manager