GBK, gbk - A character encoding system (codeset) for Simplified Chinese
The GBK character set is an extension to the GB 2312-80 character set. (The
"K" in "GBK" is the first sound in the Chinese word "Kuo Zhan," which means
"extension.") GBK includes all the Hanzi characters specified by the ISO
10646-1:1993 standard (characters also known as the GB 13000.1.93 character
set) that are not included in GB 2312-80. GBK is therefore defined as a
normative annex of GB13000.1-93.
GBK Value Ranges and Code Points
The GBK codeset is divided into five levels, as follows:
Level Encoding Range Code Points
GBK/1 0xA1A1-0xA9FE 846 717
GBK/2 0xB0A1-0xF7FE 6,768 6,763
GBK/3 0x8140-0xA0FE 6,080 6,080
GBK/4 0xAA40-0xFE40 8,160 8,160
GBK/5 0xA840-0xA9A0 192 166
In addition, GBK includes code points for user-defined characters, as fol-
Encoding Range Code Points
GBK therefore provides a total of 23,940 code points, 21,886 of which are
Each row in the GBK code table consists of 190 characters. ASCII charac-
ters, which are single-byte characters, are defined in the range 0x21-0x7E.
Encoding ranges for two-byte characters are as follows:
Encoding range for the first byte: 0x81-0xFE
Encoding ranges for the second byte: 0x40-0x7E and 0x80-0xFE
In terms of character-to-code allocation, the sub-range for GB2321-80
characters (0xA1A1-0xFEFE) in GBK is the same encoding range defined
for these characters in Extended UNIX Code (EUC). GBK is therefore
backward compatible with Chinese EUC encoding as well as forward
compatible with the encoding as defined by ISO 10646-1:1993.
GBK is the standard character set and encoding used in the Simplified
Chinese version of Windows 95.
Codeset Converters for GBK
The following codeset converter pairs are available for converting Simpli-
fied Chinese characters between GBK and UCS formats. Refer to Unicode(5)
for more information about the UCS-2, UCS-4, and UTF-8 encoding formats.
Refer to iconv_intro(5) for an introduction to codeset conversion.
+ UCS-2_GBK, GBK_UCS-2
Converting from and to UCS-2 format
+ UCS-4_GBK, GBK_UCS-4
Converting from and to UCS-4 format
+ UTF-8_GBK, GBK_UTF-8
Converting from and to UTF-8 format
Fonts for GBK
The following set of Simplified Chinese TrueType fonts are installed as the
operating system default fonts for GBK:
The following set of Simplified Chinese TrueType fonts are available as an
The default and optional fonts can be used for printing only with Chinese
text printers. With either the default or optional font sets installed, the
SongTi fonts are the default screen fonts for the GBK codeset.
Others: ascii(5), big5(5), Chinese(5), dechanyu(5), dechanzi(5), eucTW(5),
GB18030(5), i18n_intro(5), i18n_printing(5), l10n_intro(5), sbig5(5),