CORE(5) File Formats Manual CORE(5)
core - format of memory image file
The UNIX System writes out a memory image of a terminated process when
any of various errors occur. See sigvec(2) for the list of reasons;
the most common are memory violations, illegal instructions, bus
errors, and user-generated quit signals. The memory image is called
`core' and is written in the process's working directory (provided it
can be; normal access controls apply).
The maximum size of a core file is limited by setrlimit(2). Files
which would be larger than the limit are not created.
The core file consists of the u. area, whose size (in pages) is
defined by the UPAGES manifest in the <machine/param.h> file. The u.
area starts with a user structure as given in <sys/user.h>. The
remainder of the core file consists first of the data pages and then
the stack pages of the process image. The amount of data space image
in the core file is given (in pages) by the variable u_dsize in the u.
area. The amount of stack image in the core file is given (in pages)
by the variable u_ssize in the u. area.
In general the debugger adb(1) is sufficient to deal with core images.
adb(1), dbx(1), sigvec(2), setrlimit(2)
27 July 1983 CORE(5)