XL(4) BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual XL(4)
xl -- 3Com EtherLink XL and Fast EtherLink XL 10/100 Ethernet device
xl* at pci?
xl* at cardbus?
amphy* at mii?
bmtphy* at mii?
exphy* at mii?
nsphy* at mii?
tqphy* at mii?
The xl device driver supports the 3Com EtherLink XL and Fast EtherLink XL
family of Ethernet cards, and embedded controllers based on the 3Com
``boomerang'' and ``cyclone'' bus master EtherLink XL chips. This
includes, among others, the following models:
3C555 EtherLink XL Mini PCI
3C556 EtherLink XL Mini PCI
3C556B EtherLink XL Mini PCI
3C575 10/100 LAN CardBus PC Card
3C656 10/100 LAN+Modem CardBus PC Card
3C900 EtherLink XL PCI
3C900B EtherLink XL PCI
3C905 Fast EtherLink XL PCI
3C905B Fast EtherLink XL PCI
3C905C Fast EtherLink XL PCI
3C980 Fast EtherLink Server NIC
3CSOHO OfficeConnect Fast Ethernet NIC
9201 NVIDIA nForce2 integrated 3Com 9201 (nForce2-ST,
920BEMB 3c920B-EMB-WNM Integrated Fast Ethernet.
Category 3, 4 or 5 unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable should be used for
RJ-45 (10baseT), thick Ethernet coaxial (RG59 B/U, 50 ohm) for AUI/DIX,
and thin Ethernet coaxial (RG58 A/U or C/U, 50 ohm +/- 4) for BNC
(10base2). Some 3Com NICs also support MII connectors (switchable
10/100Mbps UTP). The 3C905B-FX and other similar cards are capable of
100Mbps over fiber.
Hardware receive IP/TCP/UDP checksum offload for IPv4 is supported on the
The xl driver additionally supports Wake on LAN (WoL). See arp(8) and
ifconfig(8) for more details.
The following media types and options (as given to ifconfig(8)) are sup-
Enable autoselection of media type and options. Note that
this media type is only available with adapters that have
external PHYs or built-in autonegotiation logic. For 3C900
and 3C900B adapters, the driver will choose the mode specified
in the EEPROM. This can be changed by adding media options to
the appropriate hostname.if(5) file.
media 100baseFX mediaopt full-duplex
For those cards that support it, force full-duplex 100Mbps
operation over fiber.
media 100baseFX mediaopt half-duplex
For those cards that support it, force half-duplex 100Mbps
operation over fiber.
media 100baseTX mediaopt full-duplex
Set 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) operation and force full-duplex
media 100baseTX mediaopt half-duplex
Set 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) operation and force half-duplex
media 10baseT mediaopt full-duplex
Set 10baseT (UTP) operation and force full-duplex mode.
media 10baseT mediaopt half-duplex
Set 10baseT (UTP) operation and force half-duplex mode.
Set 10base5 (thick-net) operation (half-duplex only).
Set 10base2 (thin-net) operation (half-duplex only).
For more information on configuring this device, see ifconfig(8). To
view a list of media types and options supported by this card try
ifconfig <<device>> media. For example, ifconfig xl0 media.
xl0: couldn't map memory A fatal initialization error has occurred.
xl0: couldn't map interrupt A fatal initialization error has occurred.
xl0: device timeout The device has stopped responding to the network, or
there is a problem with the network connection (cable).
xl0: no memory for rx list The driver failed to allocate an mbuf for the
xl0: no memory for tx list The driver failed to allocate an mbuf for the
transmitter ring when allocating a pad buffer or collapsing an mbuf chain
into a cluster.
xl0: command never completed! Some commands issued to the 3C90x ASIC
take time to complete: the driver is supposed to wait until the ``command
in progress'' bit in the status register clears before continuing. In
some instances, this bit may not clear. To avoid getting caught in an
infinite wait loop, the driver only polls the bit a finite number of
times before giving up, at which point it issues this message. This mes-
sage may be printed during driver initialization on slower machines. If
this message appears but the driver continues to function normally, the
message can probably be ignored.
xl0: WARNING: no media options bits set in the media options register!
This warning may appear when using the driver on some Dell Latitude dock-
ing stations with built-in 3C905-TX adapters. For whatever the reason,
the ``MII available'' bit in the media options register on this particu-
lar equipment is not set, even though it should be (the 3C905-TX always
uses an external PHY transceiver). The driver will attempt to guess the
proper media type based on the PCI device ID word. The driver makes a
lot of noise about this condition because the author considers it a manu-
amphy(4), arp(4), bmtphy(4), cardbus(4), exphy(4), ifmedia(4), intro(4),
netintro(4), nsphy(4), tqphy(4), hostname.if(5), ifconfig(8)
The xl device driver first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0. OpenBSD support was
added in OpenBSD 2.4.
The xl driver was written by Bill Paul <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
BSD August 14, 2013 BSD