WB(4) BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual WB(4)
wb -- Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet device driver
The wb driver provides support for PCI Ethernet adapters and embedded
controllers based on the Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet controller chip.
The 840F should not be confused with the 940F, which is an NE2000 clone
and only supports 10Mbps speeds.
The Winbond controller uses bus master DMA and is designed to be a DEC
'tulip' workalike. It differs from the standard DEC design in several
ways: the control and status registers are spaced 4 bytes apart instead
of 8, and the receive filter is programmed through registers rather than
by downloading a special setup frame via the transmit DMA engine. Using
an external PHY, the Winbond chip supports both 10 and 100Mbps speeds in
either full or half duplex.
The wb driver supports the following media types:
autoselect Enable autoselection of the media type and options.
This is only supported if the PHY chip attached to
the Winbond controller supports NWAY autonegotia-
tion. The user can manually override the autose-
lected mode by adding media options to the
10baseT/UTP Set 10Mbps operation. The mediaopt option can also
be used to select either full-duplex or half-duplex
100baseTX Set 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) operation. The
mediaopt option can also be used to select either
full-duplex or half-duplex modes.
The wb driver supports the following media options:
full-duplex Force full duplex operation
half-duplex Force half duplex operation.
Note that the 100baseTX media type is only available if supported by the
adapter. For more information on configuring this device, see
The wb driver supports Winbond W89C840F based Fast Ethernet adapters and
embedded controllers including:
o Trendware TE100-PCIE
wb%d: couldn't map memory A fatal initialization error has occurred.
wb%d: couldn't map interrupt A fatal initialization error has occurred.
wb%d: watchdog timeout The device has stopped responding to the network,
or there is a problem with the network connection (cable).
wb%d: no memory for rx list The driver failed to allocate an mbuf for
the receiver ring.
wb%d: no memory for tx list The driver failed to allocate an mbuf for
the transmitter ring when allocating a pad buffer or collapsing an mbuf
chain into a cluster.
wb%d: chip is in D3 power state -- setting to D0 This message applies
only to adapters which support power management. Some operating systems
place the controller in low power mode when shutting down, and some PCI
BIOSes fail to bring the chip out of this state before configuring it.
The controller loses all of its PCI configuration in the D3 state, so if
the BIOS does not set it back to full power mode in time, it won't be
able to configure it correctly. The driver tries to detect this condi-
tion and bring the adapter back to the D0 (full power) state, but this
may not be enough to return the driver to a fully operational condition.
If you see this message at boot time and the driver fails to attach the
device as a network interface, you will have to perform second warm boot
to have the device properly configured.
Note that this condition only occurs when warm booting from another oper-
ating system. If you power down your system prior to booting FreeBSD,
the card should be configured correctly.
arp(4), miibus(4), netintro(4), ng_ether(4), ifconfig(8)
The wb device driver first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0.
The wb driver was written by Bill Paul <wpaulATctr.edu>.
The Winbond chip seems to behave strangely in some cases when the link
partner switches modes. If for example both sides are set to 10Mbps
half-duplex, and the other end is changed to 100Mbps full-duplex, the
Winbond's receiver suddenly starts writing trash all over the RX descrip-
tors. The wb driver handles this by forcing a reset of both the con-
troller chip and attached PHY. This is drastic, but it appears to be the
only way to recover properly from this condition.
BSD September 4, 2004 BSD