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U9FS(4)                    Kernel Interfaces Manual                    U9FS(4)



NAME
       u9fs - serve 9P from Unix

SYNOPSIS
       u9fs [ directory ]

DESCRIPTION
       U9fs is not a Plan 9 program.  Instead it is a program that serves Unix
       files to Plan 9 machines using the 9P protocol (see intro(5)).   It  is
       to  be invoked on a Unix machine by inetd with its standard input, out-
       put, and error connected to a network connection, typically TCP  on  an
       Ethernet.  It runs as user root and multiplexes access to multiple Plan
       9 clients over the single wire.  It simulates Unix  permissions  itself
       by assuming Plan 9 uids match Unix login names.

       If  a  directory is specified u9fs first does a Unix chroot system call
       to that directory.

       Plan 9 calls this service 9fs with TCP service number 564 on the Ether-
       net.   Set  up  this way on a machine called, say, kremvax, u9fs may be
       connected to the name space of a Plan 9 process by

              9fs kremvax

       Due to a bug in some versions of the IP software, some systems will not
       accept  the  service  name 9fs, thinking it a service number because of
       the initial digit.  If so, run the service as u9fs or 564  and  do  the
       srv and mount by hand:

              srv tcp!kremvax!u9fs
              mount -c /srv/tcp!kremvax!u9fs /n/kremvax

       For more information on this procedure, see srv(4) and bind(1).

       U9fs  serves  the  entire  file system of the Unix machine.  It forbids
       access to devices because the program is single-threaded and may  block
       unpredictably.   Using  the  attach specifier device connects to a file
       system identical to the usual system except it  permits  device  access
       (and may block unpredictably):

              srv tcp!kremvax!9fs
              mount -c /srv/tcp!kremvax!9fs /n/kremvax device

       (The 9fs command does not accept an attach specifier.)  Even so, device
       access may produce unpredictable results  if  the  block  size  of  the
       device is greater than 8192, the maximum data size of a 9P message.

       The  source  to u9fs is in the Plan 9 directory /sys/src/cmd/unix/u9fs.
       To install u9fs on a Unix system, copy the source  to  a  directory  on
       that  system.  Edit the makefile to set LOG to a proper place for a log
       file and to set the compile-time configuration correctly.  Then compile
       with  an  ANSI  C  compiler and install in /usr/etc/u9fs.  Install this
       line in inetd.conf:

              9fs     stream  tcp     nowait  root   /usr/etc/u9fs   u9fs

       and this in services:

              9fs     564/tcp       9fs  # Plan 9 fs

SOURCE
       /sys/src/cmd/unix/u9fs

DIAGNOSTICS
       Problems are reported to /tmp/u9fs.log.  A  compile-time  flag  enables
       chatty debugging.

SEE ALSO
       bind(1), srv(4), ip(3), nfsserver(8)

BUGS
       The implementation of devices is unsatisfactory.



                                                                       U9FS(4)