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routes(4)							    routes(4)



NAME

  routes - Specifies Internet routing information to the routing tables

SYNOPSIS

  /etc/routes

DESCRIPTION

  Static routes	can be defined in the /etc/routes file.	 The /etc/routes file
  identifies static routes that	are automatically added	to the network rout-
  ing tables with the /usr/sbin/route add command.  The	/sbin/init.d/route
  script contains the /usr/sbin/route add command that is executed for each
  entry	in the /etc/routes file	when the network is restarted on the system
  or the system	is rebooted.

  The general format of	an entry in the	/etc/routes file is:

       Dest Name1 Name2

  The following	is a brief description of each element in an /etc/routes file
  entry:

  Dest
      A	keyword	that indicates whether the route is to a network or to a
      host. The	two possible keywords are -net and -host.

  Name1
      The name or address of the destination network or	host.  Name1 can be
      either a symbolic	name (as used in the /etc/hosts	or /etc/networks
      file) or an Internet address specified in	dotted-decimal format.

  Name2
      The name or address of the gateway host to which messages	should be
      forwarded.  Name2	can be either a	symbolic name (as used in the
      /etc/hosts file) or an Internet address specified	in dotted-decimal
      format.

  The routes file is a Context-Dependent Symbolic Link (CDSL) and must be
  maintained as	such.  See the System Administration manual for	more informa-
  tion.

EXAMPLES

   1.  To specify a route to a network through a gateway host with an entry
       in the /etc/routes file,	enter:

	    -net net2 host4


       This example specifies a	route to a network, net2, through the gateway
       host4.

   2.  To specify a route to a host through a gateway host with	an entry in
       the /etc/routes file, enter:

	    -host host2	host4


       This example specifies a	route to a host, host2,	through	the gateway
       host4.

   3.  To specify a route to a default gateway host with an entry in the
       /etc/routes file, enter:

	    default 130.9.0.5

       This example specifies a	route to a default gateway with	an Internet
       address of 130.9.0.5.

FILES

  /sbin/init.d/route
	    Contains the /usr/sbin/routed add command.

RELATED	INFORMATION

  Commands: route(8)

  Daemons: gated(8), routed(8)

  Files: gated.conf(4)

  Network Administration: Connections