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project(4)                       File Formats                       project(4)

       project - project file

       The  project file is a local source of project information. The project
       file can be used in conjunction with other project  sources,  including
       the  NIS maps project.byname and project.bynumber and the LDAP database
       project. Programs use the getprojent(3PROJECT) routines to access  this

       The  project file contains a one-line entry for each project recognized
       by the system, of the form:


       where the fields are defined as:


           The name of the project. Allowable project names must begin with  a
           letter,  and  may be composed of any letter or digit and the under-
           score character. The period ('.') is  reserved  for  projects  with
           special meaning to the operating system.


           The  project's  unique numerical ID (PROJID) within the system. The
           maximum value of the projid field is MAXPROJID. Project  IDs  below
           100 are reserved
            for the use of the operating system.


           The project's description.


           A  comma-separated  list  of users allowed in the project. With the
           exception of the special projects referred to below, an empty field
           indicates no users are allowed. See note about the use of wildcards


           A comma-separated list of groups of users allowed in  the  project.
           With  the  exception  of the special projects referred to below, an
           empty field indicates no groups are allowed. See note about the use
           of wildcards below.


           A  semicolon-separated  list of name value pairs. Each pair has the
           following format:


           where name is the arbitrary string specifying the  key's  name  and
           value  is the optional key value. An explanation of the valid name-
           value pair syntax is provided in the USAGE section  of  this  page.
           The  expected  most  frequent use of the attribute field is for the
           specification of resource controls. See resource_controls(5) for  a
           description  of  the  resource  controls  supported  in the current
           release of the Solaris operating  system.  You  can  also  use  the
           attribute  field  for  resource  caps  (see  rcapd(1M)) and for the
           project.pool attribute (see setproject(3PROJECT)).

       Null entries (empty fields) in the  user-list  and  group-list  fields,
       which  normally  mean  "no users" and "no groups", respectively, have a
       different meaning in the entries for three special projects, user.user-
       name,  group.groupname,  and  default.  See  getprojent(3PROJECT) for a
       description of these projects.

       Wildcards can be used in user-list and group-list fields of the project
       database  entry.  The  asterisk (*), allows all users or groups to join
       the project. The  exclamation  mark  followed  by  the  asterisk  (!*),
       excludes all users or groups from the project. The exclamation mark (!)
       followed by a username or groupname  excludes  the  specified  user  or
       group from the project. See EXAMPLES, below.

       Malformed  entries cause routines that read this file to halt, in which
       case project assignments specified further along are never made.  Blank
       lines  are  treated as malformed entries in the project file, and cause
       getprojent(3PROJECT) and derived interfaces to fail.

       Example 1: Sample project File

       The following is a sample project file:

       noproject:2:No Project:::
       beatles:100:The Beatles:john,paul,george,ringo::task.max-lwps=

       Note that the two line breaks in the line that begins with beatles  are
       not  valid  in  a  project  file. They are shown here only to allow the
       example to display on a printed or displayed page. Each entry  must  be
       on one and only one line.

       An example project entry for nsswitch.conf(4) is:

       project: files nis

       With  these  entries, the project beatles will have members john, paul,
       george, and ringo, and all projects listed in the NIS project table are
       effectively incorporated after the entry for beatles.

       The  beatles  project  has two values set on the task.max-lwps resource
       control. When a task in the beatles project requests (via  one  of  its
       member  processes)  its 100th and 110th LWPs, an action associated with
       the encountered threshold triggers.  Upon the  request  for  the  100th
       LWP,  the  process making the request is sent the signal SIGTERM and is
       granted the request for an additional  lightweight  process  (LWP).  At
       this  point,  the  threshold for 110 LWPs becomes the active threshold.
       When a request for the 110th LWP in the task is  made,  the  requesting
       process  is denied the request--no LWP will be created. Since the 110th
       LWP is never granted, the threshold remains active, and all  subsequent
       requests for an 110th LWP will fail. (If LWPs are given up, then subse-
       quent requests will succeed, unless they would take the total number of
       LWPs   across  the  task  over  110.)  The  process.max-file-descriptor
       resource control is given no values. This means that processes entering
       this  project  will only have the system resource control value on this

       Example 2: Project Entry with Wildcards

       The following entries use wildcards:

       notroot:200:Shared Project:*,!root::
       notused:300:Unused Project::!*:

       In this example, any user except "root" is a member  of  project  "non-
       root". For the project "notused", all groups are excluded.

       The  project  database offers a reasonably flexible attribute mechanism
       in the final name-value pair field. Name-value pairs are separated from
       one  another with the semicolon (;) character. The name is in turn dis-
       tinguished from the (optional) value by the equals (=) character.   The
       value  field  can  contain  multiple  values separated by the comma (,)
       character, with grouping support (into further values lists) by  paren-
       theses.  Each  of  these  values can be composed of the upper and lower
       case alphabetic characters, the digits '0' through '9', and the punctu-
       ation  characters  hyphen  (-),  plus  (+),  period (.), slash (/), and
       underscore (_). Example resource control value specifications are  pro-
       vided  in  EXAMPLES,  above,  and  in  resource_controls(5) and getpro-

       newtask(1), projects(1),  prctl(1),  getprojent(3PROJECT),  setrctl(2),
       unistd.h(3HEAD), nsswitch.conf(4), resource_controls(5)

SunOS 5.10                        1 Oct 2004                        project(4)