Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (FreeBSD-5.4-RELEASE)
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field

NG_SPPP(4)               BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual               NG_SPPP(4)

     ng_sppp -- sppp netgraph node type

     #include <&lt;netgraph/ng_sppp.h>&gt;

     An sppp node is a netgraph(4) interface to the original sppp(4) network
     module for synchronous lines.  Currently, sppp(4) supports PPP and Cisco
     HDLC protocols.  An sppp node could be considered as an alternative ker-
     nel mode PPP implementation to net/mpd port + ng_ppp(4), and as an alter-
     native to ng_cisco(4) node.  While having less features than net/mpd +
     ng_ppp(4), it is significantly easier to use in the majority of simple
     configurations, and allows the administrator to not install the net/mpd
     port.  With sppp you do not need any other nodes, not even an ng_iface(4)
     node.  When an sppp node is created, a new interface appears which is
     accessible via ifconfig(8).  Network interfaces corresponding to sppp
     nodes are named sppp0, sppp1, etc.  When a node is shut down, the corre-
     sponding interface is removed, and the interface name becomes available
     for reuse by future sppp nodes.  New nodes always take the first unused
     interface.  The node itself is assigned the same name as its interface,
     unless the name already exists, in which case the node remains unnamed.
     The sppp node allows drivers written to the old sppp(4) interface to be
     rewritten using the newer more powerful netgraph(4) interface, and still
     behave in a compatible manner without supporting both network modules.

     An sppp node has a single hook named downstream.  Usually it is connected
     directly to a device driver hook.

     The sppp nodes support the Berkeley Packet Filter, bpf(4).

     This node type supports the following hooks:

     downstream  The connection to the synchronous line.

     This node type supports the generic control messages, plus the following:

             Returns the name of the interface corresponding to this node in a
             struct ng_iface_ifname:

                   struct ng_iface_ifname {
                     char  ngif_name[NG_SPPP_IFACE_NAME_MAX + 1];

     This node shuts down upon receipt of a NGM_SHUTDOWN control message.  The
     associated interface is removed and becomes available for use by future
     sppp nodes.

     Unlike most other node types and like ng_iface(4) does, an sppp node does
     not go away when all hooks have been disconnected; rather, an explicit
     NGM_SHUTDOWN control message is required.

     For example, if you have the cx(4) device, you could run PPP over it with
     just one command:

           ngctl mkpeer cx0: sppp rawdata downstream

     Now you have the sppp0 interface (if this was the first sppp node) which
     can be accessed via ifconfig(8) as a normal network interface, or via
     spppcontrol(8) as an sppp(4) interface.

     bpf(4), cx(4), netgraph(4), ng_cisco(4), ng_iface(4), ng_ppp(4), sppp(4),
     ifconfig(8), ngctl(8), spppcontrol(8)

     For complex networking topologies you may want to look at net/mpd port.

     The sppp node type was implemented for FreeBSD 5.0.  It was included to
     the system since FreeBSD 5.3.

     Copyright (C) 2003-2004 Roman Kurakin <rikATcronyx.ru>.

BSD                             March 29, 2004                             BSD