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File Formats                                             netrc(4)

     netrc - file for ftp remote login data

     The .netrc file contains data for logging  in  to  a  remote
     host  over  the  network  for file transfers by ftp(1). This
     file resides in the user's home  directory  on  the  machine
     initiating  the file transfer. Its permissions should be set
     to disallow read access by group and others (see chmod(1)).

     The following tokens are recognized; they may  be  separated
     by SPACE, TAB, or NEWLINE characters:

     machine name
           Identify a remote machine name. The auto-login process
           searches  the  .netrc  file  for  a machine token that
           matches the remote machine specified on the  ftp  com-
           mand line or as an open command argument. Once a match
           is made, the subsequent .netrc tokens  are  processed,
           stopping  when  the  EOF is reached or another machine
           token is encountered.

           Same as machine name, except that default matches  any
           name. There can be only one default token, and it must
           be after all machine tokens. The default token is nor-
           mally used as follows:

           default login anonymous password user@site

           Such an entry gives the user automatic  anonymous  ftp
           login to machines not specified in .netrc.

     login name
           Identify a user on the remote machine. If  this  token
           is  present,  the  auto-login  process will initiate a
           login using the specified name.

     password string
           Supply a password.  If  this  token  is  present,  the
           auto-login process will supply the specified string if
           the remote server requires a password as part  of  the
           login  process.  Note: if this token is present in the
           .netrc file, ftp will abort the auto-login process  if
           the .netrc is readable by anyone besides the user.

     account string
           Supply an additional account password. If  this  token
           is present, the auto-login process supplies the speci-
           fied  string  if  the  remote   server   requires   an

SunOS 5.9            Last change: 3 Jul 1990                    1

File Formats                                             netrc(4)

           additional account password. If the remote server does
           not require an additional account password, the  auto-
           login process will initiate an ACCT command.

     macdef name
           Define a macro. This token functions the same as   ftp
           macdef.  A  macro  is defined with the specified name;
           its contents begin with the next .netrc line and  con-
           tinue  until  a null line (consecutive NEWLINE charac-
           ters)  is  encountered.  If  a  macro  named  init  is
           defined, it is automatically executed as the last step
           in the auto-login process.

     Example 1: A Sample .netrc File

     A  .netrc file containing the following line:

     machine ray login demo password mypassword

     allows an autologin to the machine  ray using the login name
     demo with password mypassword.


     chmod(1), ftp(1), in.ftpd(1M)

SunOS 5.9            Last change: 3 Jul 1990                    2