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ldapsearchprefs.conf(4)          File Formats          ldapsearchprefs.conf(4)

       ldapsearchprefs.conf  -  configuration  file for LDAP search preference


       The ldapsearchprefs.conf file contains information used  by  LDAP  when
       searching  the  directory. Blank lines and lines that start with a hash
       ('#') character are treated as comments and ignored. Non-comment  lines
       contain  one  or  more tokens. Tokens are separated by white space, and
       double quotes can be used to include white space inside a token.

       Search preferences are typically used by LDAP-based client programs  to
       specify  what a user may search for, which attributes are searched, and
       which options are available to the user.

       The first non-commment line  specifies  the  version  of  the  template
       information  and  must contain the token Version followed by an integer
       version number. For example:

       Version 1

       The current version is 1, so the above example is  always  the  correct
       opening line.

       The  remainder  of  the  file consists of one or more search preference
       configurations. The first line of a search preference is a  human-read-
       able name for the type of object being searched for, for example People
       or Organizations. This name is stored in the so_objtypeprompt member of
       the  ldap_searchobj  structure (see ldap_searchprefs(3LDAP)). For exam-


       specifies a label for  a  search  preference  designed  to  find  X.500
       entries for people.

       The  next  line specifies a list of options for this search object. The
       only option currently allowed  is  "internal"  which  means  that  this
       search  object  should not be presented directly to a user. Options are
       placed in the so_options member of the ldap_searchobj structure and can
       be  tested using the LDAP_IS_SEARCHOBJ_OPTION_SET() macro. Use "" if no
       special options are required.

       The next line specifes a label to use  for  "Fewer  Choices"  searches.
       "Fewer Choices" searches are those where the user's input is fed to the
       ldap_filter routines to determine an appropriate filter  to  use.  This
       contrasts  with  explicitly-constructed LDAP filters, or "More Choices"
       searches, where the user can explicitly construct an LDAP filter.

       For example:

       "Search For:"

       can be used by LDAP client programs to label the field into  which  the
       user can type a "Fewer Choices" search.

       The  next  line  specifies an LDAP filter prefix to append to all "More
       Choices" searched. This is typically used to limit the types of entries
       returned to those containing a specific object class. For example:


       would  cause  only  entries  containing  the  object class person to be
       returned by a search. Note that parentheses  may  be  unbalanced  here,
       since this is a filter prefix, not an entire filter.

       The  next  line  is  an LDAP filter tag which specifies the set of LDAP
       filters to be applied for "Fewer Choices" searching. The line


       would tell the client program to use the set of LDAP filters  from  the
       ldap filter configuration file tagged "x500-People".

       The  next line specifies an LDAP attribute to retrieve to help the user
       choose when several entries match the search terms specified. For exam-


       specifies  that if more than one entry matches the search criteria, the
       client program should retrieve the title  attribute  that  and  present
       that  to  the  user  to allow them to select the appropriate entry. The
       next line specifies a label for the above attribute, for example,


       Note that the values defined so far in the file are defaults,  and  are
       intended to be overridden by the specific search options that follow.

       The  next  line specifies the scope of the LDAP search to be performed.
       Acceptable values are subtree, onelevel, and base.

       The next section is a list of "More Choices" search options, terminated
       by a line containing only the string END. For example:

       "Common Name"  cn   11111     ""   ""
       "Surname" sn   11111     ""   ""
       "Business Phone"    "telephoneNumber"   11101     ""   ""

        Each  line  represents one method of searching. In this example, there
       are three ways of searching - by Common Name, by Surname, and by  Busi-
       ness  Phone  number.  The  first field is the text which should be dis-
       played to user. The  second  field  is  the  attribute  which  will  be
       searched.  The  third  field  is  a bitmap which specifies which of the
       match types are permitted for this search type. A "1" value in a  given
       bit position indicates that a particular match type is valid, and a "0"
       indicates that is it not  valid.  The  fourth  and  fifth  fields  are,
       respectively,  the  select  attribute  name  and on-screen name for the
       selected attribute. These values are intended to override the  defaults
       defined above. If no specific values are specified, the client software
       uses the default values above.

       The next section is a list of search match options, terminated by  a  a
       line containing only the string END. Example:

       "exactly matches"   "(%a=%v))"
       "approximately matches"  "(%a~=%v))"
       "starts with"  "(%a=%v*))"
       "ends with"    "(%a=*%v))"
       "contains"     "(%a=*%v*))"

       In  this  example, there are five ways of refining the search. For each
       method, there is an LDAP filter suffix which is appended  to  the  ldap

       Example 1: A Sample Configuration Using Search Preference for "people"

       The  following example illustrates one possible configuration of search
       preferences for "people".

       # Version number
       Version 1
       # Name for this search object
       # Label to place before text box user types in
       "Search For:"
       # Filter prefix to append to all "More Choices" searches
       # Tag to use for "Fewer Choices" searches - from ldapfilter.conf file
       # If a search results in > 1 match, retrieve this attribute to help
       # user distinguish between the entries...
       # ...and label it with this string:
       # Search scope to use when searching
       # Follows a list of "More Choices" search options. Format is:
       # Label, attribute, select-bitmap, extra attr display name, extra attr ldap name
       # If last two are null, "Fewer Choices" name/attributes used
       "Common Name"                   cn                 11111  ""  ""
       "Surname"                       sn                 11111  ""  ""
       "Business Phone"                "telephoneNumber"  11101  ""  ""
       "E-Mail Address"                "mail"             11111  ""  ""
       "Uniqname"                      "uid"              11111  ""  ""
       # Match types
       "exactly matches"               "(%a=%v))"
       "approximately matches"         "(%a~=%v))"
       "starts with"                   "(%a=%v*))"
       "ends with"                     "(%a=*%v))"
       "contains"                      "(%a=*%v*))"

       In this example, the user may search for People.  For  "fewer  choices"
       searching, the tag for the ldapfilter.conf(4) file is "x500-People".

       See attributes(5) for a description of the following attributes:

       tab()     allbox;     cw(2.750000i)|    cw(2.750000i)    lw(2.750000i)|
       lw(2.750000i).   ATTRIBUTE  TYPEATTRIBUTE  VALUE  AvailabilitySUNWlldap
       Stability LevelEvolving

       ldap_searchprefs(3LDAP) , attributes(5)

SunOS 5.10                        9 Jul 2003           ldapsearchprefs.conf(4)