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File Formats                                        inetd.conf(4)

     inetd.conf - Internet servers database



     The inetd.conf  file  contains  the  list  of  servers  that
     inetd(1M)  invokes when it receives an Internet request over
     a socket. Each server entry is composed of a single line  of
     the form:

     service-name endpoint-type protocol wait-status uid server-program \

     Fields are separated by either  <SPACE> or <TAB> characters.
     A  `#'  (number  sign) indicates the beginning of a comment;
     characters up to the end of the line are not interpreted  by
     routines that search this file.

           The name of a valid service  listed  in  the  services
           file.  For RPC services, the value of the service-name
           field consists of the  RPC  service  name  or  program
           number, followed by a '/' (slash) and either a version
           number or a range of  version  numbers,  for  example,

           Can be one of:

                 for a stream socket

           dgram for a datagram socket

           raw   for a raw socket

                 for a sequenced packet socket

           tli   for all TLI endpoints

           A   recognized   protocol   listed   in    the    file
           /etc/inet/protocols. For servers capable of supporting
           TCP and UDP over IPv6, the  following  protocol  types
           are also recognized:

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 13 Sep 2000                    1

File Formats                                        inetd.conf(4)

              o  tcp6

              o  udp6
     tcp6 and udp6 are not official protocols; accordingly,  they
     are not listed in the /etc/inet/protocols file.

     Here the inetd program uses an  AF_INET6  type  socket  end-
     point.  These  servers  can also handle incoming IPv4 client
     requests in addition to IPv6 client requests.

           For RPC services, the field  consists  of  the  string
           rpc followed by a '/' (slash) and either a '*' (aster-
           isk), one or more nettypes, one or more netids,  or  a
           combination  of  nettypes  and  netids.  Whatever  the
           value, it is first treated as a nettype.  If it is not
           a  valid  nettype,  then it is treated as a netid. For
           example, rpc/* for an RPC service using all the  tran-
           sports  supported by the system (the list can be found
           in the  /etc/netconfig  file),  equivalent  to  saying
           rpc/visible  rpc/ticots  for  an RPC service using the
           Connection-Oriented Transport Service.

           This field has  values  wait  or  nowait.  This  entry
           specifies  whether the server that is invoked by inetd
           will take over the listening  socket  associated  with
           the  service,  and  whether  once launched, inetd will
           wait for that server  to  exit,  if  ever,  before  it
           resumes  listening for new service requests. The wait-
           status for datagram servers must be set  to  wait,  as
           they  are  always  invoked  with  the orginal datagram
           socket that will participate in  delivering  the  ser-
           vice bound to the specified  service. They do not have
           separate "listening" and "accepting" sockets.  Accord-
           ingly,  do  not configure UDP services as nowait. This
           causes a race condition by which  the  inetd   program
           selects   on  the   socket   and  the  server  program
           reads from the socket. Many server  programs  will  be
           forked,   and   performance  will be severely comprom-
           ised.  Connection-oriented services such as TCP stream
           services  can  be designed to be either wait or nowait

     uid   The user ID under which the server  should  run.  This
           allows  servers  to  run  with access privileges other
           than those for root.

           Either the pathname of a server program to be  invoked
           by  inetd  to  perform  the  requested service, or the
           value internal if inetd itself provides the service.

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 13 Sep 2000                    2

File Formats                                        inetd.conf(4)

           If a server must be invoked with  command  line  argu-
           ments,  the entire command line (including argument 0)
           must appear in  this  field  (which  consists  of  all
           remaining  words  in the entry). If the server expects
           inetd to pass it the address of its peer, for compati-
           bility  with 4.2BSD executable daemons, then the first
           argument to the command should be specified as %A.  No
           more  than 20 arguments are allowed in this field. The
           %A argument is implemented  only  for  services  whose
           wait-status value is wait.

           network configuration file

           Internet protocols

           Internet network services

     rlogin(1), rsh(1), in.tftpd(1M), inetd(1M), services(4)

     /etc/inet/inetd.conf  is  the  official  SVR4  name  of  the
     inetd.conf  file.   The symbolic link /etc/inetd.conf exists
     for BSD compatibility.

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 13 Sep 2000                    3