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File Formats                                        format.dat(4)

     format.dat - disk drive configuration for the format command

     format.dat enables you to use your specific disk drives with
     format(1M).   On  Solaris 2.3 and compatible systems, format
     will automatically configure and label SCSI drives, so  that
     they  need not be defined in format.dat. Three things can be
     defined in the data file:

        o  search paths

        o  disk types

        o  partition tables.

     The following syntax rules apply to the data file:

        o  The pound # sign is the comment character.   Any  text
           on  a  line  after  a pound sign is not interpreted by

        o  Each definition in the format.dat file  appears  on  a
           single  logical  line.  If the definition is more than
           one line long, all but the last line of the definition
           must end with a backslash (\).

        o  A definition consists of a series of assignments  that
           have  an  identifier  on the left side and one or more
           values on the right side. The assignment  operator  is
           the  equal  sign  (=). Assignments within a definition
           must be separated by a colon (:).

        o  White space is ignored by format(1M). If you  want  an
           assigned  value  to  contain  white space, enclose the
           entire value in double quotes ("). This will cause the
           white  space  within quotes to be preserved as part of
           the assignment value.

        o  Some assignments can have multiple values on the right
           hand side. Separate values by a comma (,).

     The data file contains disk definitions that are read in  by
     format(1M)  when  it  starts up. Each definition starts with
     one of the following keywords: search_path,  disk_type,  and

           4.x: Tells format which disks  it  should  search  for
           when  it  starts up. The list in the default data file

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 19 Apr 2001                    1

File Formats                                        format.dat(4)

           contains all the disks in  the  GENERIC  configuration
           file.  If  your  system  has disks that are not in the
           GENERIC  configuration   file,   add   them   to   the
           search_path  definition  in  your data file.  The data
           file can  contain  only  one  search_path  definition.
           However,  this  single definition lets you specify all
           the disks you have in your system.

           5.x: By default, format(1M) understands all the  logi-
           cal  devices  that are of the form /dev/rdsk/cntndnsn;
           hence search_path is not normally  defined  on  a  5.x

           Defines the controller and disk model. Each  disk_type
           definition  contains information concerning the physi-
           cal geometry of the disk. The default data  file  con-
           tains  definitions  for the controllers and disks that
           the Solaris operating environment supports.  You  need
           to add a new disk_type only if you have an unsupported
           disk.  You can add as many  disk_type  definitions  to
           the data file as you want.

           The  following  controller  types  are  supported   by

           XY450 Xylogics 450 controller (SMD)

                 Xylogics 7053 controller (SMD)

           SCSI  True SCSI (CCS or SCSI-2)

                 IPI panther controller

     The keyword itself is assigned the name of  the  disk  type.
     This  name  appears in the disk's label and is used to iden-
     tify the disk type whenever format(1M) is run.  Enclose  the
     name  in  double  quotes  to preserve any white space in the

     Below are lists of identifiers  for  supported  controllers.
     Note that an asterisk ('*') indicates the identifier is man-
     datory for that controller -- it is not part of the  keyword

     The  following  identifiers  are  assigned  values  in   all
     disk_type definitions:

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 19 Apr 2001                    2

File Formats                                        format.dat(4)

                 alternate cylinders

           asect alternate sectors per track

           atrks alternate tracks

                 formatting time per cylinder

           ncyl* number of logical cylinders

                 number of logical heads

                 number of logical sectors per track

           pcyl* number of physical cylinders

           phead number of physical heads

           psect number of physical sectors per track

           rpm*  drive RPM

     These identifiers are for SCSI and MD-21 Controllers

                 page 1 byte 3 (read retries)

                 page 1 byte 8 (write retries)

                 page 3 bytes 18-19 (cylinder skew)

                 page 3 bytes 16-17 (track skew)

                 page 3 bytes 2-3 (tracks per zone)

           cache page 38 byte 2 (cache parameter)

                 page 38 byte 3 (prefetch parameter)

                 page 38 byte 4 (minimum prefetch)

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 19 Apr 2001                    3

File Formats                                        format.dat(4)

                 page 38 byte 6 (maximum prefetch)

     Note: The Page 38 values are device-specific. Refer the user
     to the particular disk's manual for these values.

     For SCSI disks, the following geometry specifiers may  cause
     a mode select on the byte(s) indicated:

                 page 3 bytes 4-5 (alternate sectors per zone)

           atrks page 3 bytes 8-9 (alt. tracks per logical unit)

           phead page 4 byte 5 (number of heads)

           psect page 3 bytes 10-11 (sectors per track)

     And these identifiers are for SMD Controllers Only

            bps* bytes per sector (SMD)

           bpt*  bytes per track (SMD)

     Note: under SunOS 5.x, bpt is only required for  SMD  disks.
     Under  SunOS  4.x, bpt was required for all disk types, even
     though it was only used for SMD disks.

           And this identifier is for XY450 SMD Controllers Only

                 drive type (SMD) (just call  this  "xy450  drive

           Defines a partition table for a  specific  disk  type.
           The partition table contains the partitioning informa-
           tion, plus a  name  that  lets  you  refer  to  it  in
           format(1M).   The  default  data file contains default
           partition  definitions  for  several  kinds  of   disk
           drives.  Add  a  partition  definition if you reparti-
           tioned any of the disks on your system.  Add  as  many
           partition definitions to the data file as you need.

           Partition naming conventions differ in SunOS  4.x  and
           in SunOS 5.x.

           4.x: the partitions are named as a, b, c, d, e, f,  g,

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 19 Apr 2001                    4

File Formats                                        format.dat(4)

           5.x: the partitions are referred to by numbers  0,  1,
           2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.

     Example 1: A sample disk_type and partition.

     Following is a sample disk_type and partition definition  in
     format.dat file for SUN0535 disk device.

     disk_type = "SUN0535" \
          : ctlr = SCSI : fmt_time = 4 \
          : ncyl = 1866 : acyl = 2 : pcyl = 2500 : nhead = 7 : nsect = 80 \
          : rpm = 5400
     partition = "SUN0535" \
          : disk = "SUN0535" : ctlr = SCSI \
             : 0 = 0, 64400 : 1 = 115, 103600 : 2 = 0, 1044960 : 6 = 300, 876960

           default data file if format -x is not  specified,  nor
           is there a format.dat file in the current directory.


     System Administration Guide: Basic Administration

SunOS 5.9           Last change: 19 Apr 2001                    5