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EUC(4)                   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual                   EUC(4)

NAME
     euc -- EUC encoding of runes

SYNOPSIS
     ENCODING "EUC"

     VARIABLE len1 mask1 len2 mask2 len3 mask3 len4 mask4 mask

DESCRIPTION
     The EUC encoding is provided for compatibility with UNIX based systems.
     See mklocale(1) for a complete description of the LC_CTYPE source file
     format.

     EUC implements a system of 4 multibyte codesets.  A multibyte character
     in the first codeset consists of len1 bytes starting with a byte in the
     range of 0x00 to 0x7f.  To allow use of ASCII, len1 is always 1.  A
     multibyte character in the second codeset consists of len2 bytes starting
     with a byte in the range of 0x80-0xff excluding 0x8e and 0x8f.  A multi-
     byte character in the third codeset consists of len3 bytes starting with
     the byte 0x8e.  A multibyte character in the fourth codeset consists of
     len4 bytes starting with the byte 0x8f.

     The rune_t encoding of EUC multibyte characters is dependent on the len
     and mask arguments.  First, the bytes are moved into a rune_t as follows:

     byte0 << ((lenN-1) * 8) | byte1 << ((lenN-2) * 8) | ... | bytelenN-1

     The result is then ANDed with ~mask and ORed with maskN.  Codesets 2 and
     3 are special in that the leading byte (0x8e or 0x8f) is first removed
     and the lenN argument is reduced by 1.

     For example, the Japanese locale has the following VARIABLE line:

     VARIABLE        1 0x0000 2 0x8080 2 0x0080 3 0x8000 0x8080

     Codeset 1 consists of the values 0x0000 - 0x007f.

     Codeset 2 consists of the values who have the bits 0x8080 set.

     Codeset 3 consists of the values 0x0080 - 0x00ff.

     Codeset 4 consists of the values 0x8000 - 0xff7f excluding the values
     which have the 0x0080 bit set.

     Notice that the global mask is set to 0x8080, this implies that from
     those 2 bits the codeset can be determined.

EXAMPLE - Japanese Locale
     This is a complete example of an LC_CTYPE source file for the Japanese
     locale

     /*
      * Japanese LOCALE_CTYPE definitions using EUC of JIS character sets
      */

     ENCODING        "EUC"

     /*              JIS      JIS      JIS                   */
     /*              X201     X208     X201                  */
     /*              00-7f             84-fe                 */

     VARIABLE        1 0x0000 2 0x8080 2 0x0080 3 0x8000 0x8080

     /*
      * Code Set 1
      */
     ALPHA           'A' - 'Z' 'a' - 'z'
     CONTROL         0x00 - 0x1f 0x7f
     DIGIT           '0' - '9'
     GRAPH           0x21 - 0x7e
     LOWER           'a' - 'z'
     PUNCT           0x21 - 0x2f 0x3a - 0x40 0x5b - 0x60 0x7b - 0x7e
     SPACE           0x09 - 0x0d 0x20
     UPPER           'A' - 'Z'
     XDIGIT          'a' - 'f' 'A' - 'F'
     BLANK           ' ' ''
     PRINT           0x20 - 0x7e

     MAPLOWER        < 'A' - 'Z' : 'a' > < 'a' - 'z' : 'a' >
     MAPUPPER        < 'A' - 'Z' : 'A' > < 'a' - 'z' : 'A' >
     TODIGIT         < '0' - '9' : 0 >
     TODIGIT         < 'A' - 'F' : 10 > < 'a' - 'f' : 10 >

     /*
      * Code Set 2
      */

     SPACE           0xa1a1
     PHONOGRAM       0xa1bc
     SPECIAL         0xa1a2 - 0xa1fe
     PUNCT           0xa1a2 - 0xa1f8         /* A few too many in here... */

     SPECIAL         0xa2a1 - 0xa2ae 0xa2ba - 0xa2c1 0xa2ca - 0xa2d0 0xa2dc - 0xa2ea
     SPECIAL         0xa2f2 - 0xa2f9 0xa2fe

     DIGIT           0xa3b0 - 0xa3b9
     UPPER           0xa3c1 - 0xa3da                         /* Romaji */
     LOWER           0xa3e1 - 0xa3fa                         /* Romaji */
     MAPLOWER        < 0xa3c1 - 0xa3da : 0xa3e1 >                    /* English */
     MAPLOWER        < 0xa3e1 - 0xa3fa : 0xa3e1 >                    /* English */
     MAPUPPER        < 0xa3c1 - 0xa3da : 0xa3c1 >
     MAPUPPER        < 0xa3e1 - 0xa3fa : 0xa3c1 >

     XDIGIT          0xa3c1 - 0xa3c6 0xa3e1 - 0xa3e6

     TODIGIT         < 0xa3b0 - 0xa3b9 : 0 >
     TODIGIT         < 0xa3c1 - 0xa3c6 : 10 > < 0xa3e1 - 0xa3e6 : 10 >

     PHONOGRAM       0xa4a1 - 0xa4f3
     PHONOGRAM       0xa5a1 - 0xa5f6

     UPPER           0xa6a1 - 0xa6b8                         /* Greek */
     LOWER           0xa6c1 - 0xa6d8                         /* Greek */
     MAPLOWER        < 0xa6a1 - 0xa6b8 : 0xa6c1 > < 0xa6c1 - 0xa6d8 : 0xa6c1 >
     MAPUPPER        < 0xa6a1 - 0xa6b8 : 0xa6a1 > < 0xa6c1 - 0xa6d8 : 0xa6a1 >

     UPPER           0xa7a1 - 0xa7c1                         /* Cyrillic */
     LOWER           0xa7d1 - 0xa7f1                         /* Cyrillic */
     MAPLOWER        < 0xa7a1 - 0xa7c1 : 0xa7d1 > < 0xa7d1 - 0xa7f1 : 0xa7d1 >
     MAPUPPER        < 0xa7a1 - 0xa7c1 : 0xa7a1 > < 0xa7d1 - 0xa7f1 : 0xa7a1 >

     SPECIAL         0xa8a1 - 0xa8c0

     IDEOGRAM        0xb0a1 - 0xb0fe 0xb1a1 - 0xb1fe 0xb2a1 - 0xb2fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xb3a1 - 0xb3fe 0xb4a1 - 0xb4fe 0xb5a1 - 0xb5fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xb6a1 - 0xb6fe 0xb7a1 - 0xb7fe 0xb8a1 - 0xb8fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xb9a1 - 0xb9fe 0xbaa1 - 0xbafe 0xbba1 - 0xbbfe
     IDEOGRAM        0xbca1 - 0xbcfe 0xbda1 - 0xbdfe 0xbea1 - 0xbefe
     IDEOGRAM        0xbfa1 - 0xbffe 0xc0a1 - 0xc0fe 0xc1a1 - 0xc1fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xc2a1 - 0xc2fe 0xc3a1 - 0xc3fe 0xc4a1 - 0xc4fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xc5a1 - 0xc5fe 0xc6a1 - 0xc6fe 0xc7a1 - 0xc7fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xc8a1 - 0xc8fe 0xc9a1 - 0xc9fe 0xcaa1 - 0xcafe
     IDEOGRAM        0xcba1 - 0xcbfe 0xcca1 - 0xccfe 0xcda1 - 0xcdfe
     IDEOGRAM        0xcea1 - 0xcefe 0xcfa1 - 0xcfd3 0xd0a1 - 0xd0fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xd1a1 - 0xd1fe 0xd2a1 - 0xd2fe 0xd3a1 - 0xd3fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xd4a1 - 0xd4fe 0xd5a1 - 0xd5fe 0xd6a1 - 0xd6fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xd7a1 - 0xd7fe 0xd8a1 - 0xd8fe 0xd9a1 - 0xd9fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xdaa1 - 0xdafe 0xdba1 - 0xdbfe 0xdca1 - 0xdcfe
     IDEOGRAM        0xdda1 - 0xddfe 0xdea1 - 0xdefe 0xdfa1 - 0xdffe
     IDEOGRAM        0xe0a1 - 0xe0fe 0xe1a1 - 0xe1fe 0xe2a1 - 0xe2fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xe3a1 - 0xe3fe 0xe4a1 - 0xe4fe 0xe5a1 - 0xe5fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xe6a1 - 0xe6fe 0xe7a1 - 0xe7fe 0xe8a1 - 0xe8fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xe9a1 - 0xe9fe 0xeaa1 - 0xeafe 0xeba1 - 0xebfe
     IDEOGRAM        0xeca1 - 0xecfe 0xeda1 - 0xedfe 0xeea1 - 0xeefe
     IDEOGRAM        0xefa1 - 0xeffe 0xf0a1 - 0xf0fe 0xf1a1 - 0xf1fe
     IDEOGRAM        0xf2a1 - 0xf2fe 0xf3a1 - 0xf3fe 0xf4a1 - 0xf4a4
     /*
      * This is for Code Set 3, half-width kana
      */
     SPECIAL         0xa1 - 0xdf
     PHONOGRAM       0xa1 - 0xdf
     CONTROL         0x84 - 0x97 0x9b - 0x9f 0xe0 - 0xfe

SEE ALSO
     mklocale(1), setlocale(3)

BSD                              June 4, 1993                              BSD