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File Formats                                   device_allocate(4)



NAME
     device_allocate - device_allocate file

SYNOPSIS
     /etc/security/device_allocate

DESCRIPTION
     The device_allocate file contains mandatory  access  control
     information  about  each  physical  device.  Each  device is
     represented by a one line entry of the form:

          device-name;device-
          type;reserved;reserved;auths;device-exec


     where

     device-name
           This is an arbitrary ASCII string naming the  physical
           device. This field contains no embedded white space or
           non-printable characters.

     device-type
           This is an arbitrary ASCII string naming  the  generic
           device type. This field identifies and groups together
           devices of like type. This field contains no  embedded
           white space or non-printable characters.

     reserved
           This field is reserved for future use.

     reserved
           This field is reserved for future use.

     auths This field contains a comma-separated list of authori-
           zations  required  to allocate the device, or asterisk
           (*) to indicate that the device is not allocatable, or
           an  '@' symbol to indicate that no explicit authoriza-
           tion is needed to allocate the device.

           The default authorization is  solaris.device.allocate.
           See auths(1)

     device-exec
           This is the physical device's data purge program to be
           run  any  time  the device is acted on by allocate(1).
           This is to ensure that all usable data is purged  from
           the  physical  device  before it is reused. This field
           contains   the    filename    of    a    program    in
           /etc/security/lib  or  the  full pathname of a cleanup
           script provided by the system administrator.




SunOS 5.9           Last change: 17 Mar 2003                    1






File Formats                                   device_allocate(4)



     The device_allocate file is an ASCII file  that  resides  in
     the /etc/security directory.

     Lines in device_allocate can end with a `\' to  continue  an
     entry on the next line.

     Comments may also be included. A `#' makes a comment of  all
     further text until the next NEWLINE not immediately preceded
     by a `\'.

     White space is allowed in any field.

     The device_allocate file  must  be  created  by  the  system
     administrator before device allocation is enabled.

     The device_allocate file is owned by root, with a  group  of
     sys, and a mode of 0644.

EXAMPLES
     Example 1: Declaring an allocatable device

     Declare that physical device st0 is a type st. st  is  allo-
     catable,  and the script used to clean the device after run-
     ning deallocate(1) is named /etc/security/lib/st_clean.

          # scsi tape
     st0;\
          st;\
          reserved;\
          reserved;\
          solaris.device.allocate;\
          /etc/security/lib/st_clean


     Example 2: Declaring an allocatable device  with  authoriza-
     tions

     Declare that physical device fd0 is of type fd. fd is  allo-
     catable by users with the solaris.device.allocate authoriza-
     tion, and the script used to clean the device after  running
     deallocate(1) is named /etc/security/lib/fd_clean.

          # floppy drive
     fd0;\
          fd;\
          reserved;\
          reserved;\
          solaris.device.allocate;\
          /etc/security/lib/fd_clean






SunOS 5.9           Last change: 17 Mar 2003                    2






File Formats                                   device_allocate(4)



     Notice that making a device allocatable means that you  need
     to  allocate  and  deallocate it to use it (with allocate(1)
     and deallocate(1)). If a device is  not  allocatable,  there
     will  be  an asterisk (*) in the auths field, and no one can
     use the device.

FILES
     /etc/security/device_allocate
           Contains list of allocatable devices

SEE ALSO
     auths(1),    allocate(1),    bsmconv(1M),     deallocate(1),
     list_devices(1), auth_attr(4)

NOTES
     The functionality described in this man  page  is  available
     only  if  the  Basic Security Module (BSM) has been enabled.
     See bsmconv(1M) for more information.





































SunOS 5.9           Last change: 17 Mar 2003                    3