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File Formats                                         auth_attr(4)



NAME
     auth_attr - authorization description database

SYNOPSIS
     /etc/security/auth_attr

DESCRIPTION
     /etc/security/auth_attr is a local source for  authorization
     names  and descriptions. The auth_attr file can be used with
     other authorization sources, including the auth_attr NIS map
     and  NIS+  table.  Programs use the getauthattr(3SECDB) rou-
     tines to access this information.

     The search  order  for  multiple  authorization  sources  is
     specified  in  the  /etc/nsswitch.conf file, as described in
     the nsswitch.conf(4) man page.

     An authorization is  a  right  assigned  to  users  that  is
     checked  by certain privileged programs to determine whether
     users can execute restricted functionality.  Each  entry  in
     the auth_attr database consists of one line of text contain-
     ing six fields separated by colons (:).  Line  continuations
     using  the backslash (\) character are permitted. The format
     of each entry is:

     name:res1:res2:short_desc:long_desc:attr

     name  The name of the authorization. Authorization names are
           unique  strings.  Construct  authorization names using
           the following convention:

           prefix. or prefix.suffix


           prefix
                 Everything in the name field up to the final dot
                 (.).  Authorizations from Sun Microsystems, Inc.
                 use solaris as a  prefix.  To  avoid  name  con-
                 flicts,  all  other  authorizations should use a
                 prefix that begins with the reverse-order Inter-
                 net domain name of the organization that creates
                 the authorization (for example, com.xyzcompany).
                 Prefixes  can  have  additional  arbitrary  com-
                 ponents chosen by the authorization's developer,
                 with components separated by dots.

           suffix
                 The final component in the name field. Specifies
                 what is being authorized.

                 When there is no suffix, the name is defined  as
                 a  heading.  Headings  are not assigned to users



SunOS 5.9            Last change: 9 Jan 2002                    1






File Formats                                         auth_attr(4)



                 but are constructed for use by  applications  in
                 their GUIs.

           When a name  ends  with  the  word  grant,  the  entry
           defines  a  grant  authorization. Grant authorizations
           are used to  support  fine-grained  delegation.  Users
           with  appropriate  grant  authorizations  can delegate
           some of their authorizations to others. To  assign  an
           authorization, the user needs to have both the author-
           ization itself and the  appropriate  grant  authoriza-
           tion.

     res1  Reserved for future use.

     res2  Reserved for future use.

     short_desc
           A short description or terse name for  the  authoriza-
           tion.  This  name should be suitable for displaying in
           user interfaces, such as in a scrolling list in a GUI.

     long_desc
           A long description. This field can explain the precise
           purpose  of  the  authorization,  the  applications in
           which it is used, and the type of user that  would  be
           interested  in  using  it. The long description can be
           displayed in the help text of an application.

     attr  An optional list of semicolon-separated (;)  key-value
           pairs  that  describe  the attributes of an authoriza-
           tion. Zero or more keys may be specified. The  keyword
           help identifies a help file in HTML.

EXAMPLES
     Example 1: Constructing a Name

     In  the  following  example,   the   name   has   a   prefix
     (solaris.admin.usermgr) followed by a suffix (read):

     solaris.admin.usermgr.read

     Example 2: Defining a Heading

     Because the name field ends with a dot, the following  entry
     defines a heading:

     solaris.admin.usermgr.:::User Accounts::help=AuthUsermgrHeader.html

     Example 3: Assigning Separate  Authorizations  to  Set  User
     Attributes





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File Formats                                         auth_attr(4)



     In this example, a heading entry is followed by other  asso-
     ciated  authorization entries. The entries below the heading
     provide separate authorizations for setting user attributes.
     The  attr field for each entry, including the heading entry,
     assigns a help file. The application that uses the help  key
     requires  the  value  to  equal the name of a file ending in
     .htm or .html:

     solaris.admin.usermgr.:::User Accounts::help=AuthUsermgrHeader.html
     solaris.admin.usermgr.pswd:::Change Password::help=AuthUserMgrPswd.html
     solaris.admin.usermgr.write:::Manage Users::help=AuthUsermgrWrite.html

     Example 4: Assigning a Grant Authorization

     This example  assigns  to  an  administrator  the  following
     authorizations:

     solaris.admin.printer.grant
     solaris.admin.printer.delete
     solaris.admin.printer.modify
     solaris.admin.printer.read
     solaris.login.enable

     With the above authorizations, the administrator can  assign
     to       others       the      solaris.admin.printer.delete,
     solaris.admin.printer.modify, and solaris.admin.printer.read
     authorizations,  but not the solaris.login.enable authoriza-
     tion.  If the administrator has both  the  grant  authoriza-
     tion, solaris.admin.printmgr.grant, and the wildcard author-
     ization,  solaris.admin.printmgr.*,  the  administrator  can
     grant  to  others  any  of  the  printer authorizations. See
     user_attr(4) for more information about how wildcards can be
     used  to  assign  multiple  authorizations whose names begin
     with the same components.

     Example 5: Authorizing the Ability to Assign Other  Authori-
     zations

     The following entry defines an authorization that grants the
     ability  to  assign any authorization created with a solaris
     prefix, when the administrator also has either the  specific
     authorization being granted or a matching wildcard entry:

     solaris.grant:::Grant All Solaris Authorizations::help=PriAdmin.html

     Example 6: Consulting the Local Authorization File Ahead  of
     the NIS Table

     With the following entry from /etc/nsswitch.conf, the  local
     auth_attr file is consulted before the NIS table:





SunOS 5.9            Last change: 9 Jan 2002                    3






File Formats                                         auth_attr(4)



     auth_attr:files nisplus

FILES
     /etc/nsswitch.conf

     /etc/user_attr

     /etc/security/auth_attr

SEE ALSO
     getauthattr(3SECDB),                    getexecattr(3SECDB),
     getprofattr(3SECDB),    getuserattr(3SECDB),   exec_attr(4),
     nsswitch.conf(4), user_attr(4)

NOTES
     When deciding which authorization source to use  ,  keep  in
     mind that NIS+ provides stronger authentication than NIS.

     Because the list of legal keys is likely to expand, any code
     that  parses this database must be written to ignore unknown
     key-value pairs without error. When  any  new  keywords  are
     created,  the names should be prefixed with a unique string,
     such as the company's stock symbol, to avoid potential  nam-
     ing conflicts.

     Each application has its own requirements  for  whether  the
     help  value  must  be  a  relative  pathname  ending  with a
     filename or the name of a file. The only  known  requirement
     is for the name of a file.

     The following characters are used in describing the database
     format and must be escaped with a backslash if used as data:
     colon (:), semicolon (;), equals (=), and backslash (\).






















SunOS 5.9            Last change: 9 Jan 2002                    4