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AST(4)                   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual                   AST(4)

NAME
     ast -- multiplexing serial communications interface

SYNOPSIS
     ast0 at isa? port 0x1a0 irq 5
     ast1 at isa? port 0x2a0 irq 6
     com* at ast?

DESCRIPTION
     The ast driver provides support for boards that multiplex together up to
     four EIA RS-232C (CCITT V.28) communications interfaces.  Apparently the
     original master of hardware using this multiplexing protocol was AST.

     Each ast device is the master device for up to four com devices.  The
     kernel configuration specifies these com devices as slave devices of the
     ast device, as shown in SYNOPSIS.  The slave ID given for each com device
     determines which bit in the interrupt multiplexing register is tested to
     find interrupts for that device.  The port specification for the ast
     device is used to compute the base addresses for the com subdevices and
     the port for the interrupt multiplexing register.

     On a real AST card, the jumpers are as follows:

     SW1-1  Turn ON for irq 2.  Default is OFF.

     SW1-2  Turn ON for irq 3.  Default is OFF.

     SW1-3  Turn ON for irq 4.  Default is OFF.

     SW2-1  Turn ON for irq 5.  This is ON for the first card, OFF otherwise.

     SW2-2  Turn ON for irq 6.  This is ON for the second card, OFF otherwise.

     SW2-3  Turn ON for irq 7.  Default is OFF.

     SW3-1  ``Compatible mode''.  The ast driver needs extended mode, so leave
            this OFF.

     SW3-2  I/O Address.  In extended mode, this should be OFF for the first
            card at 0x1a0-0x1a7 and ON for the second card at 0x2a0-0x2a7.

     SW3-3  Interrupt sharing.  Default is OFF.

     SW3-4  Reserved, must be OFF.

FILES
     /dev/tty0?

SEE ALSO
     com(4), intro(4), isa(4)

HISTORY
     The ast driver was written by Roland McGrath and placed into the public
     domain.

BSD                              May 25, 2017                              BSD