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sigtrap(3p)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide     sigtrap(3p)


NAME
       sigtrap - Perl pragma to enable simple signal handling

SYNOPSIS
           use sigtrap;
           use sigtrap qw(stack-trace old-interface-signals);  # equivalent
           use sigtrap qw(BUS SEGV PIPE ABRT);
           use sigtrap qw(die INT QUIT);
           use sigtrap qw(die normal-signals);
           use sigtrap qw(die untrapped normal-signals);
           use sigtrap qw(die untrapped normal-signals
                           stack-trace any error-signals);
           use sigtrap 'handler' => \&my_handler, 'normal-signals';
           use sigtrap qw(handler my_handler normal-signals
                           stack-trace error-signals);

DESCRIPTION
       The sigtrap pragma is a simple interface to installing
       signal handlers.  You can have it install one of two han-
       dlers supplied by sigtrap itself (one which provides a
       Perl stack trace and one which simply "die()"s), or alter-
       nately you can supply your own handler for it to install.
       It can be told only to install a handler for signals which
       are either untrapped or ignored.  It has a couple of lists
       of signals to trap, plus you can supply your own list of
       signals.

       The arguments passed to the "use" statement which invokes
       sigtrap are processed in order.  When a signal name or the
       name of one of sigtrap's signal lists is encountered a
       handler is immediately installed, when an option is
       encountered it affects subsequently installed handlers.

OPTIONS
       SIGNAL HANDLERS

       These options affect which handler will be used for subse-
       quently installed signals.

       stack-trace
           The handler used for subsequently installed signals
           outputs a Perl stack trace to STDERR and then tries to
           dump core.  This is the default signal handler.

       die The handler used for subsequently installed signals
           calls "die" (actually "croak") with a message indicat-
           ing which signal was caught.

       handler your-handler
           your-handler will be used as the handler for subse-
           quently installed signals.  your-handler can be any
           value which is valid as an assignment to an element of
           %SIG.




perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          1





sigtrap(3p)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide     sigtrap(3p)


       SIGNAL LISTS

       sigtrap has a few built-in lists of signals to trap.  They
       are:

       normal-signals
           These are the signals which a program might normally
           expect to encounter and which by default cause it to
           terminate.  They are HUP, INT, PIPE and TERM.

       error-signals
           These signals usually indicate a serious problem with
           the Perl interpreter or with your script.  They are
           ABRT, BUS, EMT, FPE, ILL, QUIT, SEGV, SYS and TRAP.

       old-interface-signals
           These are the signals which were trapped by default by
           the old sigtrap interface, they are ABRT, BUS, EMT,
           FPE, ILL, PIPE, QUIT, SEGV, SYS, TERM, and TRAP.  If
           no signals or signals lists are passed to sigtrap,
           this list is used.

       For each of these three lists, the collection of signals
       set to be trapped is checked before trapping; if your
       architecture does not implement a particular signal, it
       will not be trapped but rather silently ignored.

       OTHER


       untrapped
           This token tells sigtrap to install handlers only for
           subsequently listed signals which aren't already
           trapped or ignored.

       any This token tells sigtrap to install handlers for all
           subsequently listed signals.  This is the default
           behavior.

       signal
           Any argument which looks like a signal name (that is,
           "/^[A-Z][A-Z0-9]*$/") indicates that sigtrap should
           install a handler for that name.

       number
           Require that at least version number of sigtrap is
           being used.

EXAMPLES
       Provide a stack trace for the old-interface-signals:

           use sigtrap;

       Ditto:



perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          2





sigtrap(3p)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide     sigtrap(3p)


           use sigtrap qw(stack-trace old-interface-signals);

       Provide a stack trace on the 4 listed signals only:

           use sigtrap qw(BUS SEGV PIPE ABRT);

       Die on INT or QUIT:

           use sigtrap qw(die INT QUIT);

       Die on HUP, INT, PIPE or TERM:

           use sigtrap qw(die normal-signals);

       Die on HUP, INT, PIPE or TERM, except don't change the
       behavior for signals which are already trapped or ignored:

           use sigtrap qw(die untrapped normal-signals);

       Die on receipt one of an of the normal-signals which is
       currently untrapped, provide a stack trace on receipt of
       any of the error-signals:

           use sigtrap qw(die untrapped normal-signals
                           stack-trace any error-signals);

       Install my_handler() as the handler for the normal-sig-
       nals:

           use sigtrap 'handler', \&my_handler, 'normal-signals';

       Install my_handler() as the handler for the normal-sig-
       nals, provide a Perl stack trace on receipt of one of the
       error-signals:

           use sigtrap qw(handler my_handler normal-signals
                           stack-trace error-signals);




















perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          3