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Test::Builder(3p)Perl Programmers Reference GuidTest::Builder(3p)


NAME
       Test::Builder - Backend for building test libraries

SYNOPSIS
         package My::Test::Module;
         use Test::Builder;
         require Exporter;
         @ISA = qw(Exporter);
         @EXPORT = qw(ok);

         my $Test = Test::Builder->new;
         $Test->output('my_logfile');

         sub import {
             my($self) = shift;
             my $pack = caller;

             $Test->exported_to($pack);
             $Test->plan(@_);

             $self->export_to_level(1, $self, 'ok');
         }

         sub ok {
             my($test, $name) = @_;

             $Test->ok($test, $name);
         }

DESCRIPTION
       Test::Simple and Test::More have proven to be popular
       testing modules, but they're not always flexible enough.
       Test::Builder provides the a building block upon which to
       write your own test libraries which can work together.

       Construction


       new
             my $Test = Test::Builder->new;

           Returns a Test::Builder object representing the cur-
           rent state of the test.

           Since you only run one test per program, there is one
           and only one Test::Builder object.  No matter how many
           times you call new(), you're getting the same object.
           (This is called a singleton).

       Setting up tests

       These methods are for setting up tests and declaring how
       many there are.  You usually only want to call one of
       these methods.



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Test::Builder(3p)Perl Programmers Reference GuidTest::Builder(3p)


       exported_to
             my $pack = $Test->exported_to;
             $Test->exported_to($pack);

           Tells Test::Builder what package you exported your
           functions to.  This is important for getting TODO
           tests right.

       plan
             $Test->plan('no_plan');
             $Test->plan( skip_all => $reason );
             $Test->plan( tests => $num_tests );

           A convenient way to set up your tests.  Call this and
           Test::Builder will print the appropriate headers and
           take the appropriate actions.

           If you call plan(), don't call any of the other meth-
           ods below.

       expected_tests
               my $max = $Test->expected_tests;
               $Test->expected_tests($max);

           Gets/sets the # of tests we expect this test to run
           and prints out the appropriate headers.

       no_plan
             $Test->no_plan;

           Declares that this test will run an indeterminate # of
           tests.

       has_plan
             $plan = $Test->has_plan

           Find out whether a plan has been defined. $plan is
           either "undef" (no plan has been set), "no_plan"
           (indeterminate # of tests) or an integer (the number
           of expected tests).

       skip_all
             $Test->skip_all;
             $Test->skip_all($reason);

           Skips all the tests, using the given $reason.  Exits
           immediately with 0.

       Running tests

       These actually run the tests, analogous to the functions
       in Test::More.

       $name is always optional.



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Test::Builder(3p)Perl Programmers Reference GuidTest::Builder(3p)


       ok
             $Test->ok($test, $name);

           Your basic test.  Pass if $test is true, fail if $test
           is false.  Just like Test::Simple's ok().

       is_eq
             $Test->is_eq($got, $expected, $name);

           Like Test::More's is().  Checks if $got eq $expected.
           This is the string version.

       is_num
             $Test->is_num($got, $expected, $name);

           Like Test::More's is().  Checks if $got == $expected.
           This is the numeric version.

       isnt_eq
             $Test->isnt_eq($got, $dont_expect, $name);

           Like Test::More's isnt().  Checks if $got ne
           $dont_expect.  This is the string version.

       isnt_num
             $Test->is_num($got, $dont_expect, $name);

           Like Test::More's isnt().  Checks if $got ne
           $dont_expect.  This is the numeric version.

       like
             $Test->like($this, qr/$regex/, $name);
             $Test->like($this, '/$regex/', $name);

           Like Test::More's like().  Checks if $this matches the
           given $regex.

           You'll want to avoid qr// if you want your tests to
           work before 5.005.

       unlike
             $Test->unlike($this, qr/$regex/, $name);
             $Test->unlike($this, '/$regex/', $name);

           Like Test::More's unlike().  Checks if $this does not
           match the given $regex.

       maybe_regex
             $Test->maybe_regex(qr/$regex/);
             $Test->maybe_regex('/$regex/');

           Convenience method for building testing functions that
           take regular expressions as arguments, but need to
           work before perl 5.005.



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Test::Builder(3p)Perl Programmers Reference GuidTest::Builder(3p)


           Takes a quoted regular expression produced by qr//, or
           a string representing a regular expression.

           Returns a Perl value which may be used instead of the
           corresponding regular expression, or undef if it's
           argument is not recognised.

           For example, a version of like(), sans the useful
           diagnostic messages, could be written as:

             sub laconic_like {
                 my ($self, $this, $regex, $name) = @_;
                 my $usable_regex = $self->maybe_regex($regex);
                 die "expecting regex, found '$regex'\n"
                     unless $usable_regex;
                 $self->ok($this =~ m/$usable_regex/, $name);
             }

       cmp_ok
             $Test->cmp_ok($this, $type, $that, $name);

           Works just like Test::More's cmp_ok().

               $Test->cmp_ok($big_num, '!=', $other_big_num);

       BAILOUT
               $Test->BAILOUT($reason);

           Indicates to the Test::Harness that things are going
           so badly all testing should terminate.  This includes
           running any additional test scripts.

           It will exit with 255.

       skip
               $Test->skip;
               $Test->skip($why);

           Skips the current test, reporting $why.

       todo_skip
             $Test->todo_skip;
             $Test->todo_skip($why);

           Like skip(), only it will declare the test as failing
           and TODO.  Similar to

               print "not ok $tnum # TODO $why\n";

       Test style


       level
               $Test->level($how_high);



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Test::Builder(3p)Perl Programmers Reference GuidTest::Builder(3p)


           How far up the call stack should $Test look when
           reporting where the test failed.

           Defaults to 1.

           Setting $Test::Builder::Level overrides.  This is typ-
           ically useful localized:

               {
                   local $Test::Builder::Level = 2;
                   $Test->ok($test);
               }

       use_numbers
               $Test->use_numbers($on_or_off);

           Whether or not the test should output numbers.  That
           is, this if true:

             ok 1
             ok 2
             ok 3

           or this if false

             ok
             ok
             ok

           Most useful when you can't depend on the test output
           order, such as when threads or forking is involved.

           Test::Harness will accept either, but avoid mixing the
           two styles.

           Defaults to on.

       no_header
               $Test->no_header($no_header);

           If set to true, no "1..N" header will be printed.

       no_ending
               $Test->no_ending($no_ending);

           Normally, Test::Builder does some extra diagnostics
           when the test ends.  It also changes the exit code as
           described in Test::Simple.

           If this is true, none of that will be done.







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Test::Builder(3p)Perl Programmers Reference GuidTest::Builder(3p)


       Output

       Controlling where the test output goes.

       It's ok for your test to change where STDOUT and STDERR
       point to, Test::Builder's default output settings will not
       be affected.

       diag
               $Test->diag(@msgs);

           Prints out the given $message.  Normally, it uses the
           failure_output() handle, but if this is for a TODO
           test, the todo_output() handle is used.

           Output will be indented and marked with a # so as not
           to interfere with test output.  A newline will be put
           on the end if there isn't one already.

           We encourage using this rather than calling print
           directly.

           Returns false.  Why?  Because diag() is often used in
           conjunction with a failing test ("ok() || diag()") it
           "passes through" the failure.

               return ok(...) || diag(...);

       output
               $Test->output($fh);
               $Test->output($file);

           Where normal "ok/not ok" test output should go.

           Defaults to STDOUT.

       failure_output
               $Test->failure_output($fh);
               $Test->failure_output($file);

           Where diagnostic output on test failures and diag()
           should go.

           Defaults to STDERR.

       todo_output
               $Test->todo_output($fh);
               $Test->todo_output($file);

           Where diagnostics about todo test failures and diag()
           should go.

           Defaults to STDOUT.




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Test::Builder(3p)Perl Programmers Reference GuidTest::Builder(3p)


       Test Status and Info


       current_test
               my $curr_test = $Test->current_test;
               $Test->current_test($num);

           Gets/sets the current test # we're on.

           You usually shouldn't have to set this.

       summary
               my @tests = $Test->summary;

           A simple summary of the tests so far.  True for pass,
           false for fail.  This is a logical pass/fail, so todos
           are passes.

           Of course, test #1 is $tests[0], etc...

       details
               my @tests = $Test->details;

           Like summary(), but with a lot more detail.

               $tests[$test_num - 1] =
                       { 'ok'       => is the test considered a pass?
                         actual_ok  => did it literally say 'ok'?
                         name       => name of the test (if any)
                         type       => type of test (if any, see below).
                         reason     => reason for the above (if any)
                       };

           'ok' is true if Test::Harness will consider the test
           to be a pass.

           'actual_ok' is a reflection of whether or not the test
           literally printed 'ok' or 'not ok'.  This is for exam-
           ining the result of 'todo' tests.

           'name' is the name of the test.

           'type' indicates if it was a special test.  Normal
           tests have a type of ''.  Type can be one of the fol-
           lowing:

               skip        see skip()
               todo        see todo()
               todo_skip   see todo_skip()
               unknown     see below

           Sometimes the Test::Builder test counter is incre-
           mented without it printing any test output, for exam-
           ple, when current_test() is changed.  In these cases,



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Test::Builder(3p)Perl Programmers Reference GuidTest::Builder(3p)


           Test::Builder doesn't know the result of the test, so
           it's type is 'unkown'.  These details for these tests
           are filled in.  They are considered ok, but the name
           and actual_ok is left undef.

           For example "not ok 23 - hole count # TODO insuffi-
           cient donuts" would result in this structure:

               $tests[22] =    # 23 - 1, since arrays start from 0.
                 { ok        => 1,   # logically, the test passed since it's todo
                   actual_ok => 0,   # in absolute terms, it failed
                   name      => 'hole count',
                   type      => 'todo',
                   reason    => 'insufficient donuts'
                 };

       todo
               my $todo_reason = $Test->todo;
               my $todo_reason = $Test->todo($pack);

           todo() looks for a $TODO variable in your tests.  If
           set, all tests will be considered 'todo' (see
           Test::More and Test::Harness for details).  Returns
           the reason (ie. the value of $TODO) if running as todo
           tests, false otherwise.

           todo() is pretty part about finding the right package
           to look for $TODO in.  It uses the exported_to() pack-
           age to find it.  If that's not set, it's pretty good
           at guessing the right package to look at.

           Sometimes there is some confusion about where todo()
           should be looking for the $TODO variable.  If you want
           to be sure, tell it explicitly what $pack to use.

       caller
               my $package = $Test->caller;
               my($pack, $file, $line) = $Test->caller;
               my($pack, $file, $line) = $Test->caller($height);

           Like the normal caller(), except it reports according
           to your level().

THREADS
       In perl 5.8.0 and later, Test::Builder is thread-safe.
       The test number is shared amongst all threads.  This means
       if one thread sets the test number using current_test()
       they will all be effected.

EXAMPLES
       CPAN can provide the best examples.  Test::Simple,
       Test::More, Test::Exception and Test::Differences all use
       Test::Builder.




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SEE ALSO
       Test::Simple, Test::More, Test::Harness

AUTHORS
       Original code by chromatic, maintained by Michael G Schw-
       ern <schwernATpobox.com>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright 2002 by chromatic <chromaticATwgz.org>,
                         Michael G Schwern <schwernATpobox.com>.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it
       and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

       See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html










































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