Switch to SpeakEasy.net DSL

The Modular Manual Browser

Home Page
Manual: (OpenBSD-3.6)
Apropos / Subsearch:
optional field

ext::MIME::Base64PerlsProgrammers Reext::MIME::Base64::Base64(3p)

       MIME::Base64 - Encoding and decoding of base64 strings

        use MIME::Base64;

        $encoded = encode_base64('Aladdin:open sesame');
        $decoded = decode_base64($encoded);

       This module provides functions to encode and decode
       strings into and from the base64 encoding specified in RFC
       2045 - MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions). The
       base64 encoding is designed to represent arbitrary
       sequences of octets in a form that need not be humanly
       readable. A 65-character subset ([A-Za-z0-9+/=]) of US-
       ASCII is used, enabling 6 bits to be represented per
       printable character.

       The following functions are provided:

       encode_base64($str, $eol);
           Encode data by calling the encode_base64() function.
           The first argument is the string to encode.  The sec-
           ond argument is the line-ending sequence to use.  It
           is optional and defaults to "\n".  The returned
           encoded string is broken into lines of no more than 76
           characters each and it will end with $eol unless it is
           empty.  Pass an empty string as second argument if you
           do not want the encoded string to be broken into

           Decode a base64 string by calling the decode_base64()
           function.  This function takes a single argument which
           is the string to decode and returns the decoded data.

           Any character not part of the 65-character base64 sub-
           set is silently ignored.  Characters occurring after a
           '=' padding character are never decoded.

           If the length of the string to decode, after ignoring
           non-base64 chars, is not a multiple of 4 or if padding
           occurs too early, then a warning is generated if perl
           is running under "-w".

       If you prefer not to import these routines into your
       namespace, you can call them as:

           use MIME::Base64 ();
           $encoded = MIME::Base64::encode($decoded);
           $decoded = MIME::Base64::decode($encoded);

perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          1

ext::MIME::Base64PerlsProgrammers Reext::MIME::Base64::Base64(3p)

       The following warnings can be generated if perl is invoked
       with the "-w" switch:

       Premature end of base64 data
           The number of characters to decode is not a multiple
           of 4.  Legal base64 data should be padded with one or
           two "=" characters to make its length a multiple of 4.
           The decoded result will anyway be as if the padding
           was there.

       Premature padding of base64 data
           The '=' padding character occurs as the first or sec-
           ond character in a base64 quartet.

       If you want to encode a large file, you should encode it
       in chunks that are a multiple of 57 bytes.  This ensures
       that the base64 lines line up and that you do not end up
       with padding in the middle. 57 bytes of data fills one
       complete base64 line (76 == 57*4/3):

          use MIME::Base64 qw(encode_base64);

          open(FILE, "/var/log/wtmp") or die "$!";
          while (read(FILE, $buf, 60*57)) {
              print encode_base64($buf);

       or if you know you have enough memory

          use MIME::Base64 qw(encode_base64);
          local($/) = undef;  # slurp
          print encode_base64(<STDIN>);

       The same approach as a command line:

          perl -MMIME::Base64 -0777 -ne 'print encode_base64($_)' <file

       Decoding does not need slurp mode if every line contains a
       multiple of four base64 chars:

          perl -MMIME::Base64 -ne 'print decode_base64($_)' <file

       Copyright 1995-1999, 2001-2004 Gisle Aas.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it
       and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

       Distantly based on LWP::Base64 written by Martijn Koster
       <m.kosterATnexor.uk> and Joerg Reichelt
       <j.reicheltATnexor.uk> and code posted to comp.lang.perl
       <3pd2lp$6gfATwsinti07.nl> by Hans Mulder

perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          2

ext::MIME::Base64PerlsProgrammers Reext::MIME::Base64::Base64(3p)


       The XS implementation uses code from metamail.  Copyright
       1991 Bell Communications Research, Inc. (Bellcore)


perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          3