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IPC::Semaphore(3pPerl Programmers Reference GuiIPC::Semaphore(3p)


NAME
       IPC::Semaphore - SysV Semaphore IPC object class

SYNOPSIS
           use IPC::SysV qw(IPC_PRIVATE S_IRWXU IPC_CREAT);
           use IPC::Semaphore;

           $sem = new IPC::Semaphore(IPC_PRIVATE, 10, S_IRWXU | IPC_CREAT);

           $sem->setall( (0) x 10);

           @sem = $sem->getall;

           $ncnt = $sem->getncnt;

           $zcnt = $sem->getzcnt;

           $ds = $sem->stat;

           $sem->remove;

DESCRIPTION
       A class providing an object based interface to SysV IPC
       semaphores.

METHODS
       new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS )
           Create a new semaphore set associated with "KEY".
           "NSEMS" is the number of semaphores in the set. A new
           set is created if

           *   "KEY" is equal to "IPC_PRIVATE"

           *   "KEY" does not already  have  a  semaphore  iden-
               tifier associated with it, and "FLAGS & IPC_CREAT"
               is true.

           On creation of a new semaphore set "FLAGS" is used to
           set the permissions.

       getall
           Returns the values of the semaphore set as an array.

       getncnt ( SEM )
           Returns the number of processes waiting for the
           semaphore "SEM" to become greater than its current
           value

       getpid ( SEM )
           Returns the process id of the last process that per-
           formed an operation on the semaphore "SEM".

       getval ( SEM )
           Returns the current value of the semaphore "SEM".



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IPC::Semaphore(3pPerl Programmers Reference GuiIPC::Semaphore(3p)


       getzcnt ( SEM )
           Returns the number of processes waiting for the
           semaphore "SEM" to become zero.

       id  Returns the system identifier for the semaphore set.

       op ( OPLIST )
           "OPLIST" is a list of operations to pass to "semop".
           "OPLIST" is a concatenation of smaller lists, each
           which has three values. The first is the semaphore
           number, the second is the operation and the last is a
           flags value. See semop for more details. For example

               $sem->op(
                   0, -1, IPC_NOWAIT,
                   1,  1, IPC_NOWAIT
               );

       remove
           Remove and destroy the semaphore set from the system.

       set ( STAT )
       set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] )
           "set" will set the following values of the "stat"
           structure associated with the semaphore set.

               uid
               gid
               mode (only the permission bits)

           "set" accepts either a stat object, as returned by the
           "stat" method, or a list of name-value pairs.

       setall ( VALUES )
           Sets all values in the semaphore set to those given on
           the "VALUES" list.  "VALUES" must contain the correct
           number of values.

       setval ( N , VALUE )
           Set the "N"th value in the semaphore set to "VALUE"

       stat
           Returns an object of type "IPC::Semaphore::stat" which
           is a sub-class of "Class::Struct". It provides the
           following fields. For a description of these fields
           see your system documentation.











perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          2





IPC::Semaphore(3pPerl Programmers Reference GuiIPC::Semaphore(3p)


               uid
               gid
               cuid
               cgid
               mode
               ctime
               otime
               nsems

SEE ALSO
       IPC::SysV Class::Struct semget semctl semop

AUTHOR
       Graham Barr <gbarrATpobox.com>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (c) 1997 Graham Barr. All rights reserved.  This
       program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.






































perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          3