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File::Spec::Win32Perl Programmers Reference File::Spec::Win32(3p)


NAME
       File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs

SYNOPSIS
        require File::Spec::Win32; # Done internally by File::Spec if needed

DESCRIPTION
       See File::Spec::Unix for a documentation of the methods
       provided there. This package overrides the implementation
       of these methods, not the semantics.

       devnull
           Returns a string representation of the null device.

       tmpdir
           Returns a string representation of the first existing
           directory from the following list:

               $ENV{TMPDIR}
               $ENV{TEMP}
               $ENV{TMP}
               SYS:/temp
               C:/temp
               /tmp
               /

           The SYS:/temp is preferred in Novell NetWare (the
           File::Spec::Win32 is used also for NetWare).

           Since Perl 5.8.0, if running under taint mode, and if
           the environment variables are tainted, they are not
           used.

       catfile
           Concatenate one or more directory names and a filename
           to form a complete path ending with a filename

       canonpath
           No physical check on the filesystem, but a logical
           cleanup of a path. On UNIX eliminated successive
           slashes and successive "/.".  On Win32 makes

                   dir1\dir2\dir3\..\..\dir4 -> \dir\dir4 and even
                   dir1\dir2\dir3\...\dir4   -> \dir\dir4

       splitpath
               ($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path );
               ($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path, $no_file );

           Splits a path into volume, directory, and filename
           portions. Assumes that the last file is a path unless
           the path ends in '\\', '\\.', '\\..'  or $no_file is
           true.  On Win32 this means that $no_file true makes
           this return ( $volume, $path, '' ).



perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          1





File::Spec::Win32Perl Programmers Reference File::Spec::Win32(3p)


           Separators accepted are \ and /.

           Volumes can be drive letters or UNC sharenames
           (\\server\share).

           The results can be passed to "catpath" to get back a
           path equivalent to (usually identical to) the original
           path.

       splitdir
           The opposite of catdir().

               @dirs = File::Spec->splitdir( $directories );

           $directories must be only the directory portion of the
           path on systems that have the concept of a volume or
           that have path syntax that differentiates files from
           directories.

           Unlike just splitting the directories on the separa-
           tor, leading empty and trailing directory entries can
           be returned, because these are significant on some
           OSs. So,

               File::Spec->splitdir( "/a/b/c" );

           Yields:

               ( '', 'a', 'b', '', 'c', '' )

       catpath
           Takes volume, directory and file portions and returns
           an entire path. Under Unix, $volume is ignored, and
           this is just like catfile(). On other OSs, the $volume
           become significant.

       Note For File::Spec::Win32 Maintainers

       Novell NetWare inherits its File::Spec behaviour from
       File::Spec::Win32.

SEE ALSO
       See File::Spec and File::Spec::Unix.  This package over-
       rides the implementation of these methods, not the seman-
       tics.












perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          2