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File::Basename(3pPerl Programmers Reference GuiFile::Basename(3p)


NAME
       fileparse - split a pathname into pieces

       basename - extract just the filename from a path

       dirname - extract just the directory from a path

SYNOPSIS
           use File::Basename;

           ($name,$path,$suffix) = fileparse($fullname,@suffixlist);
           $name = fileparse($fullname,@suffixlist);
           fileparse_set_fstype($os_string);
           $basename = basename($fullname,@suffixlist);
           $dirname = dirname($fullname);

           ($name,$path,$suffix) = fileparse("lib/File/Basename.pm",qr{\.pm});
           fileparse_set_fstype("VMS");
           $basename = basename("lib/File/Basename.pm",".pm");
           $dirname = dirname("lib/File/Basename.pm");

DESCRIPTION
       These routines allow you to parse file specifications into
       useful pieces using the syntax of different operating sys-
       tems.

       fileparse_set_fstype
           You select the syntax via the routine
           fileparse_set_fstype().

           If the argument passed to it contains one of the sub-
           strings "VMS", "MSDOS", "MacOS", "AmigaOS" or
           "MSWin32", the file specification syntax of that oper-
           ating system is used in future calls to fileparse(),
           basename(), and dirname().  If it contains none of
           these substrings, Unix syntax is used.  This pattern
           matching is case-insensitive.  If you've selected VMS
           syntax, and the file specification you pass to one of
           these routines contains a "/", they assume you are
           using Unix emulation and apply the Unix syntax rules
           instead, for that function call only.

           If the argument passed to it contains one of the sub-
           strings "VMS", "MSDOS", "MacOS", "AmigaOS", "os2",
           "MSWin32" or "RISCOS", then the pattern matching for
           suffix removal is performed without regard for case,
           since those systems are not case-sensitive when open-
           ing existing files (though some of them preserve case
           on file creation).

           If you haven't called fileparse_set_fstype(), the syn-
           tax is chosen by examining the builtin variable $^O
           according to these rules.




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File::Basename(3pPerl Programmers Reference GuiFile::Basename(3p)


       fileparse
           The fileparse() routine divides a file specification
           into three parts: a leading path, a file name, and a
           suffix.  The path contains everything up to and
           including the last directory separator in the input
           file specification.  The remainder of the input file
           specification is then divided into name and suffix
           based on the optional patterns you specify in @suf-
           fixlist.  Each element of this list can be a qr-quoted
           pattern (or a string which is interpreted as a regular
           expression), and is matched against the end of name.
           If this succeeds, the matching portion of name is
           removed and prepended to suffix.  By proper use of
           @suffixlist, you can remove file types or versions for
           examination.

           You are guaranteed that if you concatenate path, name,
           and suffix together in that order, the result will
           denote the same file as the input file specification.

           In scalar context, fileparse() returns only the name
           part of the filename.

EXAMPLES
       Using Unix file syntax:

           ($base,$path,$type) = fileparse('/virgil/aeneid/draft.book7',
                                           qr{\.book\d+});

       would yield

           $base eq 'draft'
           $path eq '/virgil/aeneid/',
           $type eq '.book7'

       Similarly, using VMS syntax:

           ($name,$dir,$type) = fileparse('Doc_Root:[Help]Rhetoric.Rnh',
                                          qr{\..*});

       would yield

           $name eq 'Rhetoric'
           $dir  eq 'Doc_Root:[Help]'
           $type eq '.Rnh'

       "basename"
           The basename() routine returns the first element of
           the list produced by calling fileparse() with the same
           arguments, except that it always quotes metacharacters
           in the given suffixes.  It is provided for programmer
           compatibility with the Unix shell command basename(1).





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File::Basename(3pPerl Programmers Reference GuiFile::Basename(3p)


       "dirname"
           The dirname() routine returns the directory portion of
           the input file specification.  When using VMS or MacOS
           syntax, this is identical to the second element of the
           list produced by calling fileparse() with the same
           input file specification.  (Under VMS, if there is no
           directory information in the input file specification,
           then the current default device and directory are
           returned.)  When using Unix or MSDOS syntax, the
           return value conforms to the behavior of the Unix
           shell command dirname(1).  This is usually the same as
           the behavior of fileparse(), but differs in some
           cases.  For example, for the input file specification
           lib/, fileparse() considers the directory name to be
           lib/, while dirname() considers the directory name to
           be .).









































perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          3