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ExtUtils::PacklisPerl)Programmers ReferenceExtUtils::Packlist(3p)

       ExtUtils::Packlist - manage .packlist files

          use ExtUtils::Packlist;
          my ($pl) = ExtUtils::Packlist->new('.packlist');
          my @missing_files = $pl->validate();

          $pl->{'/some/other/file/name'} = { type => 'file',
                                             from => '/some/file' };

       ExtUtils::Packlist provides a standard way to manage
       .packlist files.  Functions are provided to read and write
       .packlist files.  The original .packlist format is a sim-
       ple list of absolute pathnames, one per line.  In addi-
       tion, this package supports an extended format, where as
       well as a filename each line may contain a list of
       attributes in the form of a space separated list of
       key=value pairs.  This is used by the installperl script
       to differentiate between files and links, for example.

       The hash reference returned by the new() function can be
       used to examine and modify the contents of the .packlist.
       Items may be added/deleted from the .packlist by modifying
       the hash.  If the value associated with a hash key is a
       scalar, the entry written to the .packlist by any subse-
       quent write() will be a simple filename.  If the value is
       a hash, the entry written will be the filename followed by
       the key=value pairs from the hash.  Reading back the
       .packlist will recreate the original entries.

           This takes an optional parameter, the name of a .pack-
           list.  If the file exists, it will be opened and the
           contents of the file will be read.  The new() method
           returns a reference to a hash.  This hash holds an
           entry for each line in the .packlist.  In the case of
           old-style .packlists, the value associated with each
           key is undef.  In the case of new-style .packlists,
           the value associated with each key is a hash contain-
           ing the key=value pairs following the filename in the

           This takes an optional parameter, the name of the
           .packlist to be read.  If no file is specified, the
           .packlist specified to new() will be read.  If the

perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          1

ExtUtils::PacklisPerl)Programmers ReferenceExtUtils::Packlist(3p)

           .packlist does not exist, Carp::croak will be called.

           This takes an optional parameter, the name of the
           .packlist to be written.  If no file is specified, the
           .packlist specified to new() will be overwritten.

           This checks that every file listed in the .packlist
           actually exists.  If an argument which evaluates to
           true is given, any missing files will be removed from
           the internal hash.  The return value is a list of the
           missing files, which will be empty if they all exist.

           This returns the name of the associated .packlist file

       Here's "modrm", a little utility to cleanly remove an
       installed module.

           #!/usr/local/bin/perl -w

           use strict;
           use IO::Dir;
           use ExtUtils::Packlist;
           use ExtUtils::Installed;

           sub emptydir($) {
               my ($dir) = @_;
               my $dh = IO::Dir->new($dir) || return(0);
               my @count = $dh->read();
               return(@count == 2 ? 1 : 0);

           # Find all the installed packages
           print("Finding all installed modules...\n");
           my $installed = ExtUtils::Installed->new();

perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          2

ExtUtils::PacklisPerl)Programmers ReferenceExtUtils::Packlist(3p)

           foreach my $module (grep(!/^Perl$/, $installed->modules())) {
              my $version = $installed->version($module) || "???";
              print("Found module $module Version $version\n");
              print("Do you want to delete $module? [n] ");
              my $r = <STDIN>; chomp($r);
              if ($r && $r =~ /^y/i) {
                 # Remove all the files
                 foreach my $file (sort($installed->files($module))) {
                    print("rm $file\n");
                 my $pf = $installed->packlist($module)->packlist_file();
                 print("rm $pf\n");
                 foreach my $dir (sort($installed->directory_tree($module))) {
                    if (emptydir($dir)) {
                       print("rmdir $dir\n");

       Alan Burlison <Alan.BurlisonATuk.com>

perl v5.8.5                 2002-11-06                          3